able, capable  (adj.)  qādir; muqtádir (9alā 'l- of)
-able, -ible, fit for ..ing  (adj. ptn.)  qābil li 'l-; SāliH li 'l-; maqman li 'l- (+verbal noun)
according to  (prep.)  Hasab(-a) [, -ak(a), -ahu]; bi Hasab
additional  (adj.)  iDāfī; (complementory) takmīlī
add-on device, peripheral  (n.)  munDamm-a [f: -āt]
adjacent  (adj.)  mutāχim; mujāwir; mutajawwir (li to)
adjective  (n.)  Sif-a [f: -āt]; na9t [m] : adj {waSfī; na9} adjectival
advise  (vb.)  naSaH [yanSaH; vn nuSH/naSāHa] (+A 'sb', bi +vn 'to')
afternoon  (n.)  aSīl [m]
ago  (prep.)  mundhu (+Nom./Gen.); (cq.) qabl (min)
almost, nearly  (adv.)  taqrīban
already  (adv.)  qabl al-ān; (Eg. cq.) χalāS; (Lev.) sabaq wa- (+pf)
also, too, as well  (adv.)  ayDan; kamān
although  (conj.)  raghm(a) anna; ma9a anna
amateur  (n.)  hawwāʾ [m: -ūn]; hāwin (def. al-hāwī) [m: huwāt]
anonymous  (adj.)  majhūl; mughfal; mutasattir
Antichrist, the  (pr. n.)  ibn Sāyid [m]; (ad-)dajjāl [m]
antonym, opposite  (n.)  naqīD [m: naqā'iD (animate pl *nuqaDāʾ)]; muDādda [f]
apartment  (n.)  šaqqa/šiqqa [f: šaqaq/šiqaq]
aplenty  (adv.)  bi ghazr(in)
apologize  (vb.)  i9tádhar 8. [ya9tádhir; vn i9tidhār] (li/ilā to)
appearance, looks  (n.)  hayʾa [f]; maZhar [m]
argue, quarrel (recipr.)  (vb.)  taTāHam 6. [yataTāHim; vn taTāHum]
as, in role of  (prep.)  ka; bi waSf; (adj: while being ..y) use Acc.
ask, inquire  (vb.)  saʾal [yasʾal; vn suʾāl; impt isʾal!] (from sb: +Acc.)
assume  (vb.)  Hadas [yaHd-is (-us); vn Hads]
at least  (adv.)  aqallan; 9alā 'l-aqall
atheist  (n.)  mulHid [m: -ūn], -a [f: -āt]; zindīq [m: zanādiqa]
attempt, try  (vb.)  Hāwal 3. [yuHāwil; vn muHāwala]
automatically  (adv.)  tilqāʾīyan
autumn  (n.)  χarīf [m] : adj {χarīfī} autumnal, autumn-
baseless  (adj.)  lā asās la-hu (-hā, -hum)
battery  (n.)  Hāšida [f]; (large rechargeable) markam [m: marākim]
be  
 
(vb.)  
 
kān [yakūn; vn kawn; impt kun!] : {lays-a/-at/-ū (+A)}
      he/she/they are not; {lam yakun; ma kānš} he was not
be able, can  
 
 
(vb.)  
 
 
qadir/qadar [yaqdar]; iqtádar 8. [yaqtádir]; istaTā9 10.
      [yastaTī9]; wasi9 [yasa9] (+vn, or an +sjv) : {hal
      yumkinuk(a) an; (cq.) mumkin (+ipf)} could you..?
be alone, self-isolate  (vb.)  iχtálā 8. [yaχtálī; vn iχtilāʾ]
be as it may  (phr.)  kayf(a)-mā kān al-Hāl
be done, be made  (vb.)  infá9al 7. [yanfá9il; vn infi9āl]
be interested, be attentive  
 
(vb.)  
 
ihtamm(a) 8. [yahtamm(u); vn ihtimām; adj muhtamm]
      (bi in, about)
be visible, be seen  
 
(vb.)  
 
badā [yabdū; vn badāʾ/buduww]; kān sārib/marʾī; (cq.)
      inšāf 7. [yanšāf; vn inšayāf]
bear fruit  (vb.)  thamar [yathmur; vn thamr]
beautiful  (adj.)  jamīl [cpv ajmal]
beauty  (n.)  jamāl [m]; (belle) Hasnāʾ [f]; ghāniya [f: ghawānin]
because  (conj.)  li anna; bi sabab an; (cq.) 9a(lā)šān; minšān; bi Hays
because of, due to  (prep.)  bi sabab [+3sg -ihi/-ihā]; min jarr-ā [+3sg -āʾ-ihi/-ihā]
become (+n), get (+adj)  
 
(vb.)  
 
aSbaH 4. [yuSbiH; vn iSbāH] (+A); amsā 4. [yumsī; vn
      imsāʾ] (+A)
before  (conj.)  qabl(a)-mā (+ipf); qabl(a) an (+sjv)
behind  (prep.)  χalf(-a) [, -ak(a), -ahu]; warāʾ(-a) [, etc.]
belong  
 
(vb.)  
 
intámā 8. [yantámī; vn intimāʾ] (ilā to); kān mamlūk (li
      to sb); (cq.) χaSS(a) [yaχuSS(u)] (+A = to)
beneficence  (n.)  iHsān [m]
better  (cpv. adj.)  ajwad; aTyab; aHsan
Bible, the  (pr. n.)  al-kitāb al-muqaddas [m]
bicycle  (n.)  darrāja [f]; 9ajala [f]
black  (adj.)  aswad [fsg sawdāʾ; mpl sūd]; asHam [mpl suHm]
blue  (adj.)  azraq [fsg zarqāʾ; mpl zurq]
box  (n.)  Sundūq [m: Sanādīq]
breakfast  
 
(n.)  
 
faTūr [m]; tarwīqa [f]; (Ir.) rayyūg/riyyūg [m] : vb
      {tarawwaq/yatarawwiq/vn tarawwuq} to have ~
breast (female)  (n.)  thady [m: du -ayn-; pl athdāʾ]; labān [m: pl albina]
brown  (adj.)  asmar [fsg samrāʾ; mpl sumr]; bunnī
bus  (n.)  Hāfila [f: Hawāfil]
but  (conj.)  (wa-)lākin, -na; (but instead) bal
buy, purchase  (vb.)  ištárā 8. [yaštárī; vn ištirāʾ] : adj {širāʾī} buying-
by, in the hands of  (prep.)  min qibal; bi/min fi9l; bi/min fa9lat; 9alā yad
by means of, with  (prep.)  bi; 9an Tarīq; bi wasīlat; (= Sp. por) 9abr(a)
canned food  (n.)  muSabbarāt [fpl]
car, automobile  (n.)  sayyāra [f]; 9arabīya [f]
cardboard  (n.)  waraq muqawwan [m]
carefully  (adv.)   bi 9ināya(tin); bi 'Htirās(in); bi rafq(in)
cash desk, checkout  (n.)  maktab ad-daf9 [m]; maktab at-tasdīd [m]
center  
 
(n.)  
 
was(a)T [m: awsāT]; markaz [m: marākiz] : {was(a)T
      al-madīna} the city center
cheap, affordable  (adj.)  raχīS [cpv arχaS] : {bi 'r-ruχS} for cheap
cheek  (n.)  χadd [m: du -ayn-; pl χudūd]; wajna [f: wajanāt]
claim, allege  (adj.)  za9am [yaz9um; vn za9m] : pp {maz9ūm} alleged
clothing: piece of ~  (n.)  malbas [m: malābis]; burd [m: abrād]; thawb [m: thiyāb]
coin  (n.)  sikka [f: sikak]; maskūk-a [f: -āt]
collective  (adj.)  jam9ī
colloquialism  (n.)  9ibārat al-9ammīya [f]
color  (n.)  lawn [m: alwān] : {mā hū lawn-uhu/-uhā} of what color?
come  
 
(vb.)  
 
jāʾ [yajīʾ; vn majīʾ (cq. jayya); impt jiʾ! = ta9āla!]; atā
      [yaʾtī; vn ityān, aty]; wafad [yafid; vn wufūd/wifāda]
comedy  (n.)  iDHāk [m]; (movie) film muDHik [m]
common sense  (n.)  HaSāfa [f] : adj {HaSīf [mpl HuSafāʾ]} sane, with c. s.
communicate  (vb.)  (with one another) tafāham 6. [yatafāhim; vn tafāhum]
communication  (n.)  al-ittiSālāt [fpl]
compared to  (prep.)  bi 'l-muqārana ma9a
compatibility  (n.)  tasāwuq [m]; talāʾum [m]
computer  (n.)  Hāsūb [m: Hawāsīb]
confirm  
 
(vb.)  
 
akkad 2. [yuʾakkid; vn taʾkīd]; thabbat 2. [yuthabbit; vn
      tathbīt]
content(s)  (n.)  muHtawayāt; muštamalāt [fpl]
continue, prolong (tr.)  
 
(vb.)  
 
wāSal 3. [yuwāSil; vn muwāSala]; istadām 10. [yastadīm;
      vn istidāma] (+vn)
contra-, counter-  (adj.)  mu9ākis; muDādd : {iqtirāH muDādd} a counterproposal
contrary to  (prep.)  bi 9aks; χilāfan li : cnj {bi 9aks(in) mā} contrary to what..
contribution  (n.)  tabarru9 [m]; musāhama [f]
correctly  (adv.)  bi SiHHa(tin)/SaHāH(in); bi šakl SaHīH/muSīb; Sawāban
corridor, passageway  (n.)  mamšā [f: mamāšin]; dihlīz [m: dahālīz]
cost  
 
(vb.)  
 
kallaf 2. [yukallif; vn taklīf]; (Lev. qq.) sawiya [yaswā; vn
      siwan] : {bi-ka(a)m yukallif?} how much does it cost?
costliness  (n.)  ghalāʾ [m]
couch  (n.)  arīka [f: arāʾik]; kanaba [f]
criticize  (vb.)  intáqad 8. [yantáqid; vn intiqād] 9alā
crossword  (n.)  kalimāt mutaqāTi9a [fpl]
dark blue  (adj.)  ašhal [fsg šahlāʾ; mpl šuhl]
deem as  (vb.)  i9tábar 8. [ya9tábir (pass yu9tábar); vn i9tibār] (+A)
deliberate  (adj.)  ta9ammudī; muta9ammad; maqSūd
dictionary  (n.)  qāmūs [m: qawāmīs]; mu9jam [m: ma9ājim]
different  (adj.)  muχtálif (9an from) : {bi šakl āχar/muχtálif} differently
difficult  (adj.)  Sa9b [fsg Sa9ba; mpl Si9āb]; 9awīS
diminutive (gram.)  (n.)  ism muSaġġar [m]
dog  (n.)  kalb [m: kilāb]; (euphemism) nabbāH [m]; dhuʾayb [m]
domestic  (adj.)  (in-the-country) dārī; (of home) dūrī
don't  (aux.)   (+juss/ipf) [fsg: lā taktubī! mpl: lā taktubū! '~ write!']
draw attention  (vb.)  istalfat 10. [yastalfit; vn istilfāt; ap mustalfit] (9an of)
duration  (n.)  mudda [f]; dawm/dawām [m]
during  (prep.)  (fī) athnāʾ; (fī) χilāl; fī muddat; (esp. of past) fī ibbān
earlier  (adv.)  sābiqan; qablan; (min) qabl
east  (n.)  šarq [m] : adj {šarqī} eastern; adv {šarqan} eastward
easy  (adj.)  sahl; yasīr; hayyin : phr {χaffiD 9alayk(a)!} take it easy!
eat  (vb.)  akal [yaʾkul; vn akl/maʾkal; impt kul!]
education  (n.)  tarbiya [f]; ta9līm [m] : adj {tarbawī} educational
elevator, lift  (n.)  miS9ad [m: maSā9id], miS9ad-a [f: -āt]
eloquence  (n.)  balāgha [f]; faSāHa [f]; las(a)n [m]
empty  (adj.)  χālin; fārigh
enable, make possible  (vb.)  makkan 2. [yumakkin; vn tamkīn]
encyclopedia  (n.)  mawsū9-a [f: -āt] : adj {mawsū9ī} encyclopedic
English: the ~ language  (pr. n.)  al-lugha 'l-inglīzīya [f]
enjoy  
 
(vb.)  
 
tamallā 5. [yatamallā; vn tamallin] bi/min; tamatta9 5.
      [yatamatti9; vn tamattu9] bi; istamta9 10. bi
enough  
 
(adv.)  
 
(bi 'l-)kifāya; bi miqdār kāfin : cq. {yibqā kifāya 9alā} it'll
      be enough for/to..
entertainment  (n.)  tasliya [f]; ta9līl [m]
entire, whole  (adj.)  bāti9; kāmil
envelope  (n.)  maZrūf [m: maZārif]
evening  (n.)  masāʾ [m: amsāʾ]; 9ašīy-a [f: -āt/9ašāyā] : adj {masāʾī}
every, each  (adj.)  kull
everyone  (pn.)  kull wāHid; kull an-nās; al-jamī9
everything  (pn.)  kull(-u, -a) šayʾ(in)
example: for example  (adv.)  mathalan
exist  (vb.)  wujid 1. pass. [yūjad; vn wujūd]; inwájad 7. [yanwájid]
expensive  (adj.)  ghālin [cpv aghlā] : {ghalā/yaghlū/vn ghalāʾ} to be ~
experience (life-~)  (n.)  Hunk/Hink [m]; Hunka [f]
express, convey  
 
(vb.)  
 
9abbar 2. [yu9abbir; vn ta9bīr] 9an; abdā 4. [yubdī; vn
      ibdāʾ]
eye  
 
(n.)  
 
9ayn [f: du -ayn-; pl 9uyūn]; bāSir-a [f: du -atayn-; pl
      bawāSir] : adj {9aynī} eye-
face  (n.)  wajh [m: wujūh] : adj {wajahī} face-
father  (n.)  ab(b) (+1sg: abū-ya) [m: ābāʾ]; wālid [m] : adj {abawī}
fear, be afraid of  
 
(vb.)  
 
χāf (1sg χiftu) [yaχāf; vn χawf/maχāfa/χīfa] min/9alā;
      rahib [yarhab; vn rahab/ruhb] : {lā taχaf!} fear not!
feed  (vb.)  akkal 2. [yuʾakkil; vn taʾkīl]; aT9am 4. [yuT9im]
fluently  (adv.)  bi Talāqa(tin)
food  (n.)  Ta9ām [m]; akl [m] : fpl {maʾkūlāt; aghðiya} foodstuffs
for (purpose of)  
 
(prep.)  
 
li; li ajl : {ammā 'n-naSS, fa-yanqáriʾ} as for the text, it
      shall be read
for free, gratis  (adv.)  majjānan
for a moment  (conj.)  hunayhatan
for a time of, throughout  (prep.)  Tiwāl(a); Tīlat(a)
forcibly, by force  (adv.)  qasran, qahran; bi 'l-ghaSb; bi 'l-quwwa
forest  (n.)  ghāba [f]; Haraja [f: aHrāj/Hirāj] : adj {ghābī; Harajī}
former, previous  (adj.)  sābiq
freezer  (n.)  mujammid [m]
frost  (n.)  Sabāra; Saq9a [f]
fruitless  (adj.)  fāšil; mumHil; (fig.) 9adīm al-jadwā; ghayr mujdin
future  (n.)  (al-)mustaqbal [m]
galaxy  (n.)  majarr-a [f: -āt]; dawwārat/duwwāmat al-kawākib [f]
Genesis, the Book of  (pr. n.)  sifr at-takwīn [m]
get to, be able to reach  
 
(vb.)  
 
waSal [yaSil (cq. yūSal); vn wuSūl] ilā/9alā; qadim
      [yaqdam; vn qudūm/qidmān/maqdam] ilā/9alā
give  
 
 
(vb.)  
 
 
a9 4. [yu9; vn i9Tāʾ/9aTyān; impt a9Ti!]; wahab
      [yahab; vn wahb/hiba; impt hab!] : {sawfa tu9Tī-nī
      iyyāhā
} she'll give it to me [-nī pro with Stem 4.]
glasses, spectacles  (n.)  9uwaynāt [fpl]; naZZāra [f]; (Ir.) manZara [f: manāZir]
global  (adj.)  9ālamī : adv {9ālamīyan} globally
globalization  (n.)  9awlama [f]
go, fare  
 
(vb.)  
 
dhahab [yadhhab; vn dhahāb/dhuhūb/madhhab]; (cq.)
      rāH [yarūH; vn rawāH/rawaHān/rawHa]
gossip  
 
(vb.)  
 
tharthar [yutharthir; vn tharthara]; ja9dan [yuja9din; vn
      ja9dana] (9an about)
grateful  (adj.)  šākir; mumtann (li/Ir. ilā to; 9alā for)
gratitude  (n.)  šukr [m]; imtinān [m]
gray  (adj.)  ašhab [fsg šahbāʾ; mpl šuhb]; ramādī
green  (adj.)  aχDar [fsg χaDrāʾ; mpl χuDr]
guardian: legal guardian  (n.)  waSī [m: awSiyāʾ]; mu9īl [m]; qawwām [m: -ūn]
haggle  
 
(vb.)  
 
(one person) sāwam 3. [yusāwim; vn musāwama]; (in
      turns) tasāwam 6. [yatasāwim; vn tasāwum]
halo  (n.)  dār-a [f: -āt]
hand  
 
(n.)  
 
yad (cq. īd) [f: du -ayn-; pl ay(ā)din] : adj {yadawī}
      of/for hand(s); manual
haphazardly  (adv.)  juzāfan
have, hold  
 
 
(eq.)  
 
 
(use prep) 9ind(-a) [, -ak(a), -ahu]; ladā [laday-ya, -ka,
      -hi]; (on the spot) ma9(-a) [ (cq. -āya), -ak(a) (cq.
      -āk), -ahu (cq. -āh)] : {kān/-at 9indī} I had (sth m./f.)
heart: by ~, from memory  (adv.)  9an Zahr il-qalb; 9an Zahr il-ghayb; (Ir.) 9alā ghayb(in)
hedgehog  (n.)  qunfudh [m: qanāfidh]
hole  (n.)  thuqba [f: thuqab]
hospitality  (n.)  iqtirāʾ [m]; Husn aD-Diyāfa [m]
hour  (n.)  9a [f] : {thalāth/arba99āt(in)} three/four hours
how, in what way  (adv.)  kayf(a) : {min ayna lī an..?} how am I supposed to..?
how many?  (int.)  ka(a)m : {kam kitāb(an) turīd?} ~ books do you want?
however  (conj.)  wa ma9a dhālik; fī kull il-aHwāl
hungry  (adj.)  jāʾi9; jaw9ān [mpl jiyā9]; sāghib; *saghbān
hypothetical  (adj.)  farDī
idea  (n.)  fikra [f: fikar/afkār] : {fī 'n-nīya an (+sjv)} the idea is to..
immortal  (adj.)  ghayr fānin; χālid [mpl χawālid]
imperative (gram.)  (n.)  Sīghat al-amr [f] : fsg {nāhiya} a negative imperative
imply, allude  (vb.)  9arraD 2. [yu9arriD; vn ta9rīD] (li to)
important  (adj.)  muhimm [cpv ahamm]
impossible  
 
(adj.)  
 
ghayr mumkin; mustaHīl : nm {9adam al-imkān}
      impossibility
improvise  (vb.)  irtájal 8. [yartájil; vn irtijāl]
in addition to  (prep.)  9ilāwatan ilā; bi 'l-iDāfa ilā
in the course of time  (adv.)  9alā marr az-zamān; ma9a taqādum az-zamān
in exchange for  (prep.)  9iwaDan 9an/min; liqāʾ(-a); naZīr(-a)
in front of  (prep.)  amām(-a); quddām(-a); Sadad(-a)
in order to  (conj./prep.)  (li) kay (+sjv); (li) kay-mā (+ipf); li (+vn +G)
in question  (adj.)  (al-)ma9; (al-)ma9hūd
inability  (n.)  9aj(a)z [m] (9an to)
incarnate  (adj.)  mutajassid
including  (adv.)  bi-mā fī-hi (-hā, -him); bi šumūl
independently  (adv.)  bi/fī 'stiqlāl(in); bi mas9a mustaqilla
innate  (adj.)  χilqī
inside, within  (prep.)  Dimn(-a); fī/bi dāχil; fī aTwāʾ; (cq.) juww(-a) (-āt-[pn])
inspiration  (n.)  ilhām [m]; talqīn [m]; (from spiritual source) waHy [m]
install  (vb.)  rakkab 2. [yurakkib; vn tarkīb]
instead of  (prep.)  badāl(-a) [+3sg -ahu/-ahā]; badalan min
insult  (vb.)  ahān 4. [yuhīn; vn ihāna]; sabb(a) [yasibb(u); vn sabb]
intelligibility  (n.)  ma9qūlīya [f]; suhūlat al-fahm [f]
interaction  (n.)  tafā9ul [m]
intuition  (n.)  Hads [m]
irregular  (adj.)  ghayr munaZZam; ghayr muntáZim
Jesus Christ  (pr. n.)  yasū9 al-masīH
jog  (vb.)  harwal [yuharwil; vn harwala]
just now, a moment ago  (adv.)  mundhu laHZa; mudh hunayha
justly, in a fair way  (adv.)  9adlan; bi qisT(in); bi šakl 9ādil/muqsiT
keep an eye on  (vb.)  raqab [yarqub; vn ruqūb/ruqba] (+A)
kick  (vb.)  rafas [yarf-is, -us; vn rafs]; rakal [yarkul; vn rakl]
kiss  
 
(vb.)  
 
qabbal 2. [yuqabbil; vn taqbīl]; latham [yalthim; vn
      lathm]; (cq.) bās [yabūs; vn baws]
knife  (n.)  sikkīna [f: sakākīn]
know, be aware of  
 
(vb.)  
 
9alim [ya9lam; vn 9ilm]; (cq.; also 'have the skill')
      9araf (9irif) [ya9r-if (-af); vn ma9rifa/9irfān]
know-how  (n.)  mahāra [f]; χibra [f]
lack, shortage  (n.)  naqS [m]; naqīSa(t) [f] (al- of); 9adam [m]
lady  (n.)  hānim [f: hawānim]; (influential) χātūn [f: χawātīn]
language  (n.)  lugh-a [f: -āt] : nf {qudra lughawīya} language skill(s)
last, take (time)  (vb.)  dām [yadūm; vn dawm/dawām]; Tāl [yaTūl]
later (on)  (adv.)  lāHiqan; fī waqt lāHiq
latest  (adj.)  aχīr : {fī 'l-a9wām il-aχīra} in recent years
left: to the left  (adv.)  ilā 'l-yasār; ilā 'š-šamāl
less  (adv.)  aqall (than: min +n; mimmā +n/pn +vb)
let, may  (impt. aux.)  li (+juss); (cq.) χallī-[pn] (+ipf) : {da9 +juss 1pl} let's..
lie, tell lies  (vb.)  kadhab [yakdhib; vn kidhb(a)/kadhib]; iftárā 8. [yaftárī]
lift, raise  (vb.)  rafa9 [yarfa9; vn raf9; impt irfa9!]; aS9ad 4. [yuS9id]
line of action  (n.)  maslak [m: masālik]
liquid  (adj.)  sāʾil; sayyāl
list  (n.)  qāʾima [f: qawāʾim]
logical  (adj.)  manTiqī
long  (adj.)  Tawīl [mpl Tiwāl] : adv {Tawīlan; malīyan}
long-haired  (adj.)  dhū ša9r Tawīl
look for, seek  
 
(vb.)  
 
baHath [yabHath; vn baHth; impt ibHath!] 9an; (cq.)
      dawwar 2. [yudawwir; vn tadwīr] 9an/9alā
look like  
 
(vb.)  
 
šābah 3. [yušābih]; Dāra9 3. [yuDāri9]; Tala9 [yaTla9] :
      {yabdū inna-hu/-hā (+adj)} he/she (indeed) seems ..y
loose, unfastened  (adj.)  marχī; rāχī
love  
 
(vb.)  
 
Habb(a) [yaHibb(u); vn Hubb]; wāmaq 3. [yuwāmiq; vn
      muwāmaqa]
lucky, fortunate  (adj.)  mabχūt; majdūd; maHZūZ; mus9ad
main, primary  (adj.)  raʾīsī; awwalī
majority  (n.)  aghlabīya; aktharīya [f]; mu9Zam [m]
many times, several times  (adv.)  marrāt 9adīda; 9iddat al-marrāt
marketing  (n.)  taswīq [m]
mattress  (n.)  TarrāHa [f]; firāš [m: furuš]
maze, labyrinth  (n.)  matāh-a [f: -āt]
mean, signify  (vb.)  9anā [ya9; vn 9any]; taqaSSad 5. [yataqaSSid] (+A)
meanwhile  (adv.)  fī athnāʾ dhālik; fī ghuDūn dhālik; fī tilka 'l-athnāʾ
mention  (vb.)  dhakar [yadhkur; vn dhikr] : {faDlan 9an} not to mention
mere, 'nothing but'  (adj.)  mujarrad; ('pure') maHD : {lā ya9dū/ta9} it is merely..
metallic, metal-  (adj.)  ma9dinī/ma9danī
metaphorical  (adj.)  majāz-ī : adv {-an} metaphorically
midnight  (n.)  muntáSaf al-layl [m]; (cq.) nuSS al-layl [m]
minute  (n.)  daqīqa [f: daqāʾiq] : msg {rub9 as-sā9a} fifteen minutes
mobile phone  (n.)  hātif maHmūl/jaybī [m: hawātif maHmūla/jaybīya]
money  (n.)  māl; naqd [m]; nuqūd [fpl]; (Eg./Ir.) fulūs/iflūs [fpl]
more  (adv.)  akthar; azyad (than: min +n; mimmā +n/pn +vb)
morning  (n.)  SabāH/SubH [m: aSbāH]; muSbaH [m: -āt] : adj {SabāHī}
mother  (n.)  umm [f: ummahāt]; wālid-a [f: -āt] : {ummī} maternal
must, have to  
 
(aux.)  
 
(impers.) wajab [yajib] 9alay-ya/-ka/-hi (etc.) al-(vn) or
      an (+sjv); (cq.) (impers. kān) lāzim/Darūrī (+bare ipf)
mystical  (adj.)  ladunī
naked, nude  (adj.)  9uryān [Reg]; muzallaT; (Ir.) muSallaχ
name; noun  (n.)  ism [m: asmāʾ] : adj {asamī} nominal, titular
naughty  (adj.)  šaqī [mpl ašqiyāʾ]
necessary  (adj.)  lāzim; Durūrī
necessity  (adj.)  luzūm [m]; Darūra; Hāja [f]
need, require (goods etc.)  (vb.)  iHtāj 8. [yaHtāj; vn iHtiyāj] ilā/li/(cq.) +Acc.
neighbor  (n.)  jār [m: jīrān]; jār-a [f: -āt]
new  (adj.)  jadīd [cpv ajdad] : {ayy(u) jadīd(in)} anything new
next  (adj.)  tālin; qādim : adv {fī-mā ba9d(u); ba9dáʾidhin}
next to, beside  (prep.)  janb(-a) [, -ak(a), -ahu]; bi jānib
night-shelter, night-roof  (n.)  maʾwan laylī [m: maʾāwin laylīya]
nipple  (n.)  Halam-a; sa9dān-a [f: du -atayn-; pl -āt]
no wonder!  (intj.)  lā gharwā!
nose  (n.)  anf [m: unūf]; ma9Tis [m: ma9āTis]; (Ir.) χašim [m]
nutrition  (n.)  (diet) ghidhāʾ [m]; (action) taghðiya [f] : {ghidhāʾī} ~al
obey  (vb.)  9 [yaTū9; vn Taw9 (Ir. 9a)]
obviously  (adv.)  jalīyan; bi jalāʾ(in); min al-wāDiH (an..)
of, belonging to  
 
(prep.)  
 
(after noun + adj or noun + def noun) Hawz; mulk ( "of
      mine", etc.); (Eg. cq.) bitā9, -it; (Lev.) taba9; (Ir.) māl
often  (adv.)  kathīran-mā; rubba marra(tin)
on behalf of  (prep.)  bi 'sm(i); bi 'n-niyāba 9an
on the condition that  (prep.)  9alā šarT an; bi šarT an
once (not twice)  (adv.)  marra(tan) wāHida(tan)
once, after  (conj.)  (min) ba9d mā
only, just  (adv.)  faqaT; maHDan; (cq.) bass
opening hours  (n.)  mawāqīt al-aqlām [fpl]
opinion  (n.)  raʾy; Zann; fikr [m] : {bi raʾy-ī} in my opinion
opportunist  (n.)  intihāz-ī [m: -iyyūn], -īya [f: -iyyāt]
opportunity  
 
(n.)  
 
furSa [f: furaS]; nuhza [f: nuhaz] : {fī awwal waqt(in)} at
      the earliest opportunity
opposite, reverse  (adj.)  9aksī
opposite, facing (phys.)  (prep.)  Hadhw(-a); bi Hidhāʾ; quSād; muqābil(-a)
option, alternative  (n.)  Hiyār [m: -āt]
ostensibly, surface-wise  (adv.)  Zāhir-an, -īyan; Hasab aZ-Zāhir
outside, outdoors  (adv.)  χārijan; fī 'l-χārij; barran
owner  (n.)  mālik [m: mullāk]; SāHib [m: aSHāb]; qānin [m: qāniya]
paper  (n.)  waraq [m]; (sheet) waraq-a [f: -āt, awrāq] : adj {waraqī}
pass, elapse (intr.)  
 
(vb.)  
 
maDā [yamDī; vn muDī]; marr(a) [yamurr(u); vn
      mamarr]; ghabar [yaghbur; vn ghubūr]
pass by, overtake (tr.)  (vb.)  fāt [yafūt; vn faw(ā)t]; marr(a) [yamurr(u); vn murūr]
past; preterite  (n.)  (al-)māDī : adj {māDawī} of the past
pay  
 
(vb.)  
 
dafa9 [yadfa9; vn daf9]; χallaS 2. [yuχalliS; vn taχlīS];
      saddad 2.; (with cash) anqad 4. [yunqid; vn inqād]
penis  (n.)  ayr [m: uyūr]; dhakar [m: dhukūr]; zubr [m]
permission  (n.)  idhn [m: udhūn]; ruχSa [f: ruχaS]
person  (n.)  šaχS [m: ašχāS] : {sittat ašχāS(in)} six people
phrase  (n.)  9ibār-a [f: -āt]
please  (intj./phr.)  rajāʾan; law samaHt; min faDl-ak(a)/-ik(i)
plural (gram.)  (n.)  jam9 [m: jumū9]
point, heart of the matter  (n.)  al-maqSūd; bajdat al-amr
point of view  (n.)  nāHiya [f]; wijhat naZar [f]
poor, indigent  (adj.)  faqīr [mpl fuqarāʾ]; miskīn [mpl masākin]; 9āʾiz/9awzān
possible  
 
(adj.)  
 
mumkin; mustaTā9 : {min al-mumkin an..} it is ~ that..;
      {laysa fī 'l-imkān; (cq.) hādhā miš mumkin} it is not ~
poster, placard  (n.)  mu9allaq-a [f: -āt]
postposition (gram.)  (n.)  Harf χalfī/9aqīb [m: Hurūf χalfīya/9aqība]
practical  (adj.)  9amalī : {ghayr 9amalī} impractical
practice: in practice  (adv.)  9amalan/9amaliyyan; fī sanan(in)
predict, foretell  (vb.)  tanabbaʾ 5. [yatanabbiʾ; vn tanabbuʾ] bi
prefer  (vb.)  faDDal 2. [yufaDDil; vn tafDīl] (9alā to)
preferably  (adv.)  fī/ka 'l-afDalīya; ka 'r-rājiH
price  (n.)  thaman [m: athmān]; si9r [m: as9ār]
probably  (adv.)  min al-muHtámal; 9alā 'l-arjāH
prognosis  (n.)  taχmīna [f]; takahhun [m]
pronounce  
 
(vb.)  
 
talaffaZ 5. [yatalaffiZ; vn talaffuZ] bi; naTaq [yanTuq
      (pass yunTaq = yannáTiq); vn nuTq/nuTūq]
propaganda  (n.)  da9āya [f]
pseudonym  (n.)  ism musta9ār [m]; ism muntáHal [m]
push, shove  (vb.)  dasar [yadsur; vn dasr]; zajj(a) [yazujj(u); vn zajj]
put, place  
 
(vb.)  
 
waDa9 [yaDa9; vn waD9; impt Da9!]; (cq.) HaTT(a)
      [yaHuTT(u); vn HaTT/HuTūT]
quarter, fourth part  (n.)  rub9 [m: arbā9]
question, inquiry  (n.)  suʾāl [m: asʾila]
quickly, fast  (adv.)  sarī9an; bi sur9a(tin) : {asra9; a9jal} faster
rank  (n.)  rutba [f: rutab]; martaba [f: marātib]
reaction  (n.)  radd (al-fi9l) [m: rudūd (al-fi9l)]; (chem.) tafā9ul [m]
read  (vb.)  qaraʾ [yaqraʾ; vn qirāʾa; impt iqraʾ!]
receipt  (n.)  waSl [m: wuSūlāt]; ruj9a [f: ruja9]; fātūra [f: fawātīr]
recently  (adv.)  Hadīthan; muʾaχχaran; (Ir.) aχīran
red  (adj.)  aHmar [fsg Hamrāʾ; mpl Humr]
religion, creed  (n.)  milla [f: milal]; (esp. Islam) dīn [m: adyān] : adj {millī}
repair, fix  (vb.)  SallaH 2. [yuSalliH; vn taSlīH]; rammam 2. [yurammim]
repair shop  (n.)  waršat at-taSlīH [f]
repetition  (n.)  9iyād [m]; (reviewing) takrīr [m] : {takrāran} repeatedly
request, ask for  (vb.)  rajā [yarjū; vn rajāʾ; impt urju!]; tarajjā 5. [vn tarajjin]
require  
 
(vb.)  
 
taTallab 5. [yataTallib; vn taTallub] (+A); istalzam 10.
      [yastalzim; vn istilzām]
responsible  (adj.)  masʾūl (9an for) : {9alā 9uhdatī} it is my ~ity (to..)
reward  (n.)  thawāb [m]; ju9l [m]; jāʾiza [f: jawāʾiz]
reward  
 
(vb.)  
 
thawwab 2. [yuthawwib; vn tathwīb]; jāzā 3. [yujāzī; vn
      mujāzā-h, -t] : {li-yuthawwab; li-yujāza} let.. be ~ed!
rich, wealthy  (adj.)  ghan-ī [fsg -īya; mpl aghniyāʾ]; tharī [mpl athriyāʾ]
right: to the right  (adv.)  yamīnan; ilā 'l-yamīn
right: you're right  (phr.)  anta 9alā Haqq; al-Haqq ma9ak; anta muHiqq (to msg.)
roadsign  (n.)  thuwwa [f]; išārat (aT-)Tarīq [f]
rural, not urban  (adj.)  rīfī
sail  (vb.)  abHar 4. [yubHir; vn ibHār]; (inchoat.) baHHar 2.
sailing-boat  (n.)  sābiHa [f]; markab širā9ī [m]
salesperson, sell-a-lot  (n.)  bayyā9 [m: -ūn]; bayyā9-a [f: -āt]
satisfactory  (adj.)  murDin
savings  (n.)  muddaχarāt [fpl]
say, utter, tell  (vb.)  qāl [yaqūl; vn qawl; impt qul!]
schadenfreude  (n.)  šamāta [f]
scissors  (n.)  miqrāD [m: maqārīD]
scratch  (vb.)  (an itch) Hakk(a) [yaHukk(u); vn Hakk; impt Hukk(a)!]
sea  (n.)  baHr [m: biHār/buHūr/abHār] : adj {baHrī} maritime
season (of the year)  (n.)  faSl [m: fuSūl]
secretly, in secret  (adv.)  χufyatan
see, view  
 
(vb.)  
 
raʾā [yarā; vn ruʾya]; šāhad 3. [yušāhid; vn mušāhada];
      (cq.) šāf [yašūf; vn šawf] : {fī naZarī} the way I see it
self-respect  (n.)  9izzat (an-)nafs [f]
self-study, autodidactism  (n.)  dirāsa bi 'dh-dhāt; dirāsa bi 'n-nafs
sell  (vb.)  9 [yabī9; vn bay9; impt bi9!] : {li 'l-bay9} for sale
send  
 
(vb.)  
 
arsal 4. [yursil; vn irsāl]; ba9ath [yab9ath; vn ba9th];
      (Ir.) dazz(a) [yadizz(u)]
set up camp  (vb.)  taχayyam 5. [yataχayyim; vn taχayyum]; χayyam 2.
shoe  (n.)  Hidhāʾ [m: aHdhiya]; jazm-a/jizm-a [f: -āt, jizam]
shoelace  (n.)  širāk [m: du -ayn-; pl šuruk/ašrāk]; (Ir.) qīTān [m]
short  (adj.)  qaSīr [cpv aqSar]; muχtáSar : {bi 'l-iχtiSār} in short
should, ought to  
 
(aux.)  
 
(impers.) yanbághī an; min al-mafrūD an; nawāl-ī/-uk(a)/
      -uh(a) (etc.) an (+sjv)
shoulder  (n.)  katf/kitf [m: du -ayn-; pl aktāf]; mankib [m: pl manākib]
show, display  
 
(vb.)  
 
aZhar 4. [yuZhir; vn iZhār]; arā 4. [yurī; vn irāʾa;
      impt ari!]; (cq.) šawwaf 2. [yušawwif; vn tašwīf]
side (of the body)  (n.)  9iTf [m/f: du -ayn-; pl a9Tāf]
simultaneously  (adv.)  fī dhāt il-laHZa; fī ān wāHid
situation, status  (n.)  mawqi9 [m: mawāqi9]; waD9-a, -īya [f: awDā9]
skepticism  (n.)  tašakkuk [m]
sleeve  
 
(n.)  
 
kumm [m: du -ayn-; pl akmām]; rudn/ridn [m: pl ardān] :
      nm {rudn as-sirwāl} ≈ nf {Tayya} trouser cuff
slowly  (adv.)  bi ibTāʾ(in); mahlan; (Ir.) yawāš
smallness  (n.)  Saghāra [f]
smartphone  (n.)  hātif dhakī [m: hawātif dhakīya]
social life  (n.)  iʾtinās [m]
sock  
 
(n.)  
 
jawrab [m: du -ayn-; pl jawārib]; šurrāb [m: du -ayn-;
      pl -āt/*šarārīb]
some of the ..s  
 
(phr.)  
 
ba9Du 'l- (+pl); qism min al- (+pl) : {ba9Du 'n-nās} some
      people
somehow  (adv.)  bi Tarīqa min aT-Turuq; bi wajh(in) mā
someone  (pn.)  šaχS(un) mā; aHad; (such-and-such) fulān [fsg. -a]
song, music track  (n.)  maqTū9-a [f: -āt/maqāTī9]
sparingly  (adv.)  bi 'qtiSād(in); bi tawfīr(in); bi šuHH(in)
speak, talk  
 
(vb.)  
 
takallam 5. [yatakallim; vn takallum]; taHaddath 5. :
      prep {9alā dhikr} speaking of..
speed up, make faster  
 
(vb.)  
 
sarra9 2. [yusarri9; vn tasrī9]; 9ajjal 2. [yu9ajjil; vn
      ta9jīl]
spend (time)  (vb.)  zajjā 2. [yuzajjī; vn tazjiya]; maDDā 2. [yumaDDī]
statistic  (n.)  iHSāʾ [m: -āt] : nf {iHSāʾīya} statistics (as a science)
stereotype  (n.)  muqawlab [m: -āt]
successfully  (adv.)  bi najāH(in)
suffice, be enough  (vb.)  kaffā 2. [yukaffī; vn takfiya; ap mukaffin]
suffix  (n.)  lāHiqa [f: lawāHiq]
summer  (n.)  Sayf [m: aSyāf] : adj {Sayfī} summer-
surname  (n.)  ism al-9āʾila [m]
symptom  (n.)  9araD [m: a9rāD]; 9alāma maraDīya [f]
take care of  (vb.)  ašbal 4. [yušbil; vn išbāl] 9alā
talk, discussion  (n.)  Hadīth [m]; muHādatha [f] ( about)
tape: adhesive tape  (n.)  šarīT lāSiq [m]
tattoo  (n.)  wašm [m: wišām/wušūm]
tell, narrate  
 
(vb.)  
 
Hakā [yaHkī; vn Hikāya; impt iHki!]; rawā [yarwī];
      qaSS(a) [yaquSS(u); vn qaSS]; (report) aχbar 4.
tendency  (n.)  mayl [m]; junūH [m] (ilā to, for)
text  (n.)  naSS [m: nuSūS]; (literary work) muSannaf [m: -āt]
text message, SMS  (n.)  risāla jawwālīya/hātifīya [f]; nuSayS hātifī [m]
than  (conj./prep.)  min [minn-ī; plural persons: min-nā, -kum, -hum]
thanks to  (prep.)  al-faDl ilā; bi faDl
that's why  (adv.)  li dhālik; li hādhā; (cq.) min(šān) hayk
there is  
 
(phr.)  
 
thamma(ta); (per gender) yū-, tū-jad(u) [pa.t. wujid(-a),
      -at] : {laysa thamma(ta); lā yūjad} there isn't
thrice, three times  (adv.)  thalāthan
through, via  (prep.)  min χilāl; bi jawb; 9abr(-a); 9an Tarīq
throw away  
 
(vb.)  
 
laqa9 [yalqa9; vn laq9; impt ilqa9!]; iTTáraH 8. [yaT-
      TáriH
]; (Ir.) dhabb(a) [yadhibb(u); vn dhabb]
timing  (n.)  tawqīt [m]; (concurrence, synchronization) tazāmun [m]
title  (n.)  (headline) tarwīs-a [f: -āt]; (sb's) laqab [m: alqāb]
tomorrow  (adv.)  ghadan; bukratan : adv {ba9d ghad(in)} the day after ~
too much, in excess  (adv.)  mazīdan (min of); kathīran 9alay-hi/-hā; bi ifrāT(in)
traditional  (adj.)  taqlīdī : {ghayr taqlīdī} untraditional
translate  (vb.)  tarjam [yutarjim; vn tarjama] (min from; ilā into)
travel  (vb.)  sāfar 3. [yusāfir; vn musāfara]
tree  (n.)  šajar-a [f: -āt/ašjār (collective šajar)]
trousers  (n.)  sirwāl [m: sarāwīl]; banTalōn [m: -āt]
under  (prep.)  (beneath) taHt(-a) [, -ak(a), -ahu]; (less than) aqall min
understand  
 
(vb.)  
 
fahim [yafham; vn fahm] (the words of: 9an, Lev. 9alā);
      tafaTTan 5. [vn tafaTTun] li : {anā lā afham} I don't ~
unfinished  (adj.)  nāqiS (= naqSān); ghayr muktámal; ghayr mutamm
unpromptedly  (adv.)  9an sajīya(tin); min χāTir-ihi/-ihā/-ihim (3pl cq. -hum)
until  (conj.)  ilā Hadd(in) mā; ilā an (+sjv); Hattā (+pf)
until, up to, as far as  (prep.)  li ghāyat; Hattā
up-to-date  (adj.)  mu9aSSar; Hadīth [mpl Hidāth/Hudathāʾ] al-9ahd
upcoming  (adj.)  ātin; qādim; muqbil
urban  (adj.)  madanī
usually  (adv.)  9ādatan-mā
vagina  (n.)  mahbal [m: mahābil]
valid, in-effect  (adj.)  ma9mūl bi-[pn]; nāfidh
versatile, many-sided  (adj.)  miTrāq
Virgin Mary  (pr. n.)  al-batūl [f]; al-9adhrāʾ [f]
voluntarily  (adv.)  muχtāran; bi 'χtiyār(in)
wait for, await  
 
(vb.)  
 
intáZar 8. [yantáZir; vn intiZār] (+A); (cq., 'wait up')
      istannā 10. irr. [yastannā; vn istinnāʾ; impt istanna!]
walk, ambulate  (vb.)  mašā [yamšī; vn mašy] : {9alā 'l-aqdām} on foot
warn  (vb.)  Haððar 2. [yuHaððir; vn taHdhīr] (min about)
way: in a ..y ~/manner  (adv. ptn.)  bi šakl (+adj msg.); bi Sūra (+adj fsg.)
wealth  (n.)  tharwa [f]; tharāʾ [m]
welcoming (ceremony)  (n.)  tarHīb [m: tarāHīb]
well, in a good way  (adv.)  jayyidan; bi jūda; (Ir.) zayn
west  (n.)  gharb [m] : adj {gharbī} western, westerly
westernized  (adj.)  mustaghrib
when, as  (conj.)  9indamā; (cq.) lammā : {9ind(a) +vn} when ..ing
when?  (int.)  matā; (cq.) imtā
where?  (int.)  ayna : rel. {Hayth(u); (cq.) illi... fī-[pn suff]} in which
whereas, but in contrast  (conj.)  fī/9alā Hīn anna; Hāla(ta) anna; bayd(a) anna; bayna-mā
which, that  
 
 
(rel. pn.)  
 
 
(only in ref. to sth def.) alladhī [fsg allatī; mpl alladhīn]
      (cq. sg/pl illi); (= Ger. was) : {hādhā mā Hakaytu
      lak(a) 9anhu
} this is what I told you about
while  (conj.)  bayna-mā; fī-mā; Hīna-mā; raytha-mā
white  (adj.)  abyaD [fsg bayDāʾ; mpl bīD]
who?  (int. pn.)  man [cq. mīn] : {li man hādhā?} whose is this?
why?  
 
(int.)  
 
li-mādhā [cq. lēš] : {li-mādhā 'l-ān wa-laysa min qabl?}
      why now and not before?
window  (n.)  šubbāk [m: šabābīk]; nāfidha [f: nawāfidh]
winter  (n.)  šitāʾ [m: aštiya] : adj {šatawī/šitwī} winter-
with the help of  (prep.)  bi 9awn/9awnat/ma9ūnat; bi 9awn(in) min
without, sans  (prep.)  min ghayr; dūn(a); bi dūn : {fī/9alā ghayr +vn} w/o ..ing
woman  
 
(n.)  
 
imraʾa (def. al-marʾa) [f: niswān/nisāʾ]; (young) šābba [f:
      šabāʾib]; (mature) sitt [f: -āt] : adj {niswī} female
word  (n.)  kalim-a/kilm-a [f: -āt] : {bi ta9bīr āχar} in other words
worthy  (adj.)  qamīn (bi 'l- of ..ing); maHqūq (bi/li 'l- of ..ing)
write  
 
(vb.)  
 
katab [yaktub; vn kitāba; impt uktub!] : {lam aktub; (cq.)
      ma katabt(iš)} I did not write
yawn  (vb.)  thaʾib [yathʾab; vn thaʾb = thuʾabāʾ]; tathāʾab 6.
year  
 
(n.)  
 
sana [f: sanawāt]; 9ām [m: a9wām] : {χams sanawāt(in)}
      five years; adv {bi 'l-9ām il-māDī} last year
yellow  (adj.)  aSfar [fsg Safrāʾ; mpl Sufr]
yesterday  (adv.)  (bi 'l-)ams; (Ir.) al-bāriHa; (cq.) imbāriH
zipper  (n.)  saHHāb [m]; susta/sōsta [f]; (Ir.) zanjīl [m: zanājīl]