Observetur : [ C ] = unspecified consonant [ V ] = unspecified vowel [ å ] = either /a/ or /o/ intercons. or word-final [ w ] = either /o/ or /u/



::  First Leaves and Crowns... Nature Aroused  ::


above, over —: {prep} :— denc
across —: {prep} :— sýned; ?pinw-
affect —: {v} :— mingå-
against —: {prep} :— iammåg / iaug; iath-an, -un
ascend, 'climb' —: {v} :— ialthå-
at, during —: {prep} :— sangw / saw / sonåg
back —: {adv vs. n} :— ta(w)ng
bake: pastry —: {n} :— (g)offurth [-(e)th ~ Fi. -elma, -(nn)os]
ban —: {n} :— ugun / uthwn(c); (m)blonn-aC, -wC
behind —: {prep} :— tenw; pohong; (V,CV)dreth; senna(e)g/d/dh; neng-år, -wn
between —: {prep} :— claw, clew; iphiad
blockage, hindrance —: {n} :— begol / negonn-VC; ca/cissanc / (h)ussant
body —: {n} :— brem(m) ~ drenn/ng; iochon / nychon
boil, cook —: {v} :— lh/tlu(m)brå-
book, codex —: {n} :— huforog / thof(u)ron; ei(w)g / fethrVg
chair, seat —: {n} :— thundras(t); (r)ucho-s, -th
climb —: {v} :— iud- / yd-
cloud —: {n} :— monog
colour —: {n} :— ithon; meled/dh
cost —: {v} :— dymb/dyndrå-
deep —: {adj} :— iachr; ce/cyngrid/n; uthånc
detach —: {v} :— pleth(Cå)-; (i)u(n)dång(r)å-
double —: {adj} :— (C)ovog
end, conclusion —: {n} :— (?n)geved
establish —: {v} :— (ng)uthlå-
fill (up) —: {v} :— hu/hyrthå-
firstness, eminence —: (n) :— brû
fish —: {n} :— (lhwd-)eug / egud/dh
flee —: {v} :— n(g)ellå- / n(g)elthå-
flow —: {v} :— cedlå- / cudlå-; si/solchnå-
forest —: {n} :— [syn, not #1 word] em(m)eg
gate —: {n} :— hunug / thunug / togon
gather, collect —: {v tr} :— nudolthå-
go —: {v} :— dra(v)- (nd- ?)
hear —: {v} :— omphå-; soch(å)-; nu(i)niå-; seng(å,Cå)-
high —: {adj} :— hudh(o)r / iudh(o)r
hill(side), slope —: {n} :— iaeg; tofn / teun; ad-ag, -og
impact —: {v} :— (n)gwthrå-]
instance, time —: {n} :— ceneb / cunob
iron —: {n} :— donol / conol
lead, take —: {v} :— iannå-
leave —: {v} :— (g)inthå-
mean, signify —: {v} :— c/grod- / trod-
means, way —: {n} :— (t)ichaw, (t)icho(th)
Means for X-ing —: {suff} :— -(w)air, -rin(C)/-run(C)
monitor, observe —: {v} :— ymphå- / menghå-
month —: {n} :— afchwd, a(e,n)chwd
more, yet —: {adv} :— calla-n, -d / cillå-n, -d
next to, beside —: {prep} :— trwnt; talweb/ch/g; iango / ýg
on, atop —: {prep} :— rhaw; iaug; hir-(i)og, -on; cennu(g)
pile, stack —: {n} :— feon
plant —: {v} :— mabrå-; [cVnoth-]
play —: {v} :— brev-
pipe —: {n} :— (lh-, (n)dr-)on(n)oth
plant —: {n} :— unhag, unthes
[ preserve, store —: {v} :— melphå- / milphå- ]
Prolative/Dynamic (in prep-s only?) —: {suff} :— -awn, -ódhån, -aen
quiet / silent —: {adj} :— r/thinrod/dh
relinquish, turn over —: {v} :— bundlå- / mundlå-
remember —: {v} :— (ton/og)oth- / (ton/og)eth-eg
remove —: {v} :— cel(ae,an)thå-
season —: {n} :— maeg-ar, -Vr
seed —: {n} :— pun-og, -eg
share —: {v} :— ton(nå)-
shepherd, tend —: {v} :— iavrå-
shore; edge —: {n} :— cunud/th / cinhad; ibgath; tunwg
shudder —: {n} :— c/h(i)anarth
side = half —: {n} :— gwdwl
since, after —: {prep} :— plo(gu)nt
skin —: {n} :— belenc
snow —: {n} :— narth; (g)orr-od, -oth
spot, place —: {n} :— hendroth / hwndroth
staircase, stairway —: {n} :— (n)unthog
stalk, hunt —: {v} :— man(t)hå-
stone, rock (single) —: {n} :— cunwch; aw/u(i)/ychid
surface —: {n} :— rh/nhagon; têw / tengu; cew(e)b
take —: {v} :— (g)rondrå-
tiny, minute —: {adj} :— peheu
together —: {adv} :— ranr-e/id, -e/ith
too, overly —: {prep} :— teul / tenwol
toward(s) —: {pref} :— rhem- ~ rhó-; iog-; nåm- / nong-
translate —: {v} :— c/fennå-
tunnel —: {n} :— cadarn / h/cwdorn
under, below —: {prep} :— panc / panåg; (CV)nheu
veil —: {v} :— i/uphrä-, u/iphothrå-
vein —: {n} :— hothong; p(V)naud; leuob
via, through —: {prep} :— t/meneg; wchwth
walk —: {v} :— adrå-; cVthånnå-/cVthaen-
wall —: {n} :— (f)onnug; pethob/n; prang-i, -ol
wallwalk —: {n} :— diog-el, -ol
weigh —: {v tr} :— iuiniå-
white —: {adj} :— clin-ol, -wb; edelch / utholch
whole, entire —: {adj} :— plêg
winter —: {n} :— h/t(h)wnchorth
'With-X, (rather) X-ey" —: {adj suff} :— -lw(f/d/n)


abri-en(c), -ån(g); rhemm-iδ, -ien, rhomma(u), rhom(m)iaeth    <n>    cure, medicine
abrwd; (t)ån-ud, -(ch)ub; s(a)echon    <n>    evenness, surface
ach(C)-VC; achago/echegi    <adj/adv>    burdensome, heavy [= d-, (C)l-othog]; hardly
achwr, uchar; hebor; tommwnc; (C)onthål; tang-, cung(dwr); pronw, brú(vu)m    <n>    mountain
a(e,i)gith, e/ang(h)o(e)th    <n>    topping, covering, lid (= tovog/ch); (syn.) sky
-aeron-, -eiria-, -enghVn-, -oeb-, -uinia-    <v suff>    CONDITIONAL ('would')
aeså-/oeså-/ichå-    <v tr>    to come up with, invent
ae(a)th(å)-, egdå-    <v>    compose (verse), 'create' (art)
-ag; -id, -il; -oeb/g    <suff>    action or sth produced by it [Finn. -os] — vs. PROLATIVE/ABLATIVE (-ag, -aig, -gVb/m)
agw-n-t; teo(g,d) ~ tiuth; ethVb    <n>    finger
a(i)ch-, eichw-, nêw, beuch/g, meg(w); phó-; swnw(d)-    <pref>    with (beside or along)
am-åb, -eb    <n>    name, title; (†)act of sitting vs. forest [> amma-b, -ph, am(b)r-eb, -oC?]
ammach, ommwch [*amnaks- etc.]; (g)wdl-; e/obol(ch)    <n>    lake
amphå-, g/c/n~    <v>    to decide, make a ruling
andog-, anthog-    <v>    to come forth, appear
anghul-; gwonth-og, -os    <n>    swamp, marsh
ango(f) ~ h/deingo(f); thauv-, cauv-; dros(s-)    <adj>    first
anthwb-, (g/s)inthwb-    <v>    to care, have a care, mind
ath(å)-; (p)unnå-    <v>    go, fare vs. flow [which = ser(edh)-; (m)blånchå-; iwdh(CV)-]
ath-ab, -ob; noss(oth); iaenc; lhun(d)r(o,a-); othod,dh [pro C(i)och(ob)]    <n>    pine tree
av-/ab-ag, -eth, go(v)-, gu(d)-, sav-/su(i)v-, (wn)na-, na(w)- +LOC; ('l)oeth; tî-; thoe(C), (r)ynthw    <rel pn>    in which, where (final also "(un)to which"?)
bannel, bonnol    <prep>    in presence of, at house of, with
b/marVph; bo-, gw-thael, toel; trongh-eC    <n>    journey, travel
b/mege(i)diå-, b/moguidiå-    <v tr>    to abandon, forsake, set aside, forget
begwth, baeåg, nhågVd/th; ochib, ochåth; sai-g, -ph    <prep>    against
beithiwr, bethainc [*mb-]; gud-yr, -uir    <n>    lance
beref, b(e)rev-od(h), -oth; davang    <n>    thick-grown forest, 'jungle'
bethlå-    <v>    to survive; advance (intr)
bina(e)ch, buinach [*(m)beinaks-]; emaig, umaeg    <n>    arm
binweg; olh-dVg/-dVs(t)    <n>    tent
blawos; dro-b/d-am(b)    <n>    taste
bling/nchå-    <v>    to occur, take place, happen
[ blong    <adv>    overtaking, (moving) past, by ]
bo-, ba(C)-, uib(å)-    <v>    go down (Sun) or depart
bonåth; pôch; adcho(n); thådr, theder ~ (th)odåch    <n>    air [as region vs. adv. 'aloft' : iont ]
bonech / gonech / monech; eth-ech, -es    <adj>    silent, quiet
brag-on, -ws, breigVn, branghodh, brengioth    <n>    gold
bra(n)chir    <n>    a line of two differing ends, sth from A to B, development, 'arc', etc.
bre-g/henthå-; eigniå-/uiphiå-; t(V)h/nendrå-; ceuch(i,n)å-    <v>    to throw, cast
bre(i)thiå-    <v>    to encounter, meet
bren(od)-; punnå-    <v>    to lead, go, run (path)
brod-og, -yg; [panVg (*kw-)]    <n>    stick, twig, ?branch [= cavab; (m)idwg; sardh; thir-(dho)n, -och/-oph]
m/brosgå-    <v>    to worry, mind about; to take care of
bruith; grev(n)-/grov(n)-od; maglw    <n>    side
b/muidor; prel(dh)on(n); nhod-åg/s, -eb; teiniås; ae(s)od,th; (V)nanc; (a)ench-åd, -un    <n>    (court)yard
cabr(a), cebra; onor, onra; mwndra; plang(V)    <prep>    via, through
ca-, ce-deigiå-; cathwn-; mib-; teubå-    <v intr>    to descend, fall (of snow or rain; "to rain" = trVglå-/trågolthå- ~ prVdanchå-)
cad-; t/cwbwg-    <v>    to keep, defend
[ canaeb, cenaib vs. thånaig    <prep>    due to, because of ]
cVnag, cenaig    <n>    side, not center
canath; taur; (t)i(o)ss-wd, -og    <n>    bag, sack
canghå-, canchå-, tenghå-    <v tr>    to clean
canw(o)g/ch; (n)horech/ach; t/thodwg; am-seg, -sud/g (/s/ = "nasal" = unchanged after labials?)    <n>    level, plane, table [#1 vs. can-w(dh), -wr; la(i)nc = time (for doing something)]
car(o)l, (n)hartlhåd; (n)drôs, (n)drobol; mar-eth, -åth    <n>    day
cathVn, cath(C)åeth; iwthgo; pídwch    <n>    foliage, leafage
ceben ~ caeb-, cael(-ri, -dhu)    <adj>    many (-adv? -acc? -pl?)
ceb/mm-eth, -ith, ce/ciss-oth, -od/-ob; coth-ol, -os; issech; trwgn(os)    <n>    sand
ced(iå)-/g.., hod-; p/tovog-    <n>    to put, set, lay, place
c/hedhnå-, haonglå-, sangbå-; (C)wthbwch-    <v>    to listen (to)
c/hemm-Vl, -ad, -ath    <n>    strength(ening) or obtaining [v tr cemmå-]
cemmai-g,d(h), cevai-g,d(h) [*kåb'-meki-, *kem(b)-eki- etc.]; bynn/gwynn    <n>    situation, condition
[ cenglå-    <v>    to cross, esp. by travel [an other L word?] ]
cenor, cedhr    <n>    row, series [= tr/dråchir]
centhod(h) ~ timphod(h); c/såbanc; grindi; mavalt    <n>    meadow
cessoth(Cå)-; nichnå-; nh/darthong-r/wå-    <v>    to fall (of leaves et sim.)
ceub/vå- / ich/iphrå-    <v>    to believe
ceuv, ceul; paro(f); norog, no(e)ronc; h(a)wpho; (C)aeph; t/seuoch    <n>    edge, margin
cev-; cadag-; huch-n/r-å-    <v intr>    to fit, go (is ceveg "a place" of this language?)
cVdhra-, twdhra-    <v>    to affect, influence
-ch/då(C), -ch/di(C), -ch/du(C), -gw, -a(e)g, -(c)heg; -rVs; -(th)wb, -wn(d)    <suff>    noun-forming suffixes for e.g. unique parts (= organs) of the body
chabål, (C)V~ [*ksap-]    <n>    north
cidhu; torf [*-vo]; b/mein-gi, -c(h)i; pron(na)c; crast    <n>    boat
cin(d)rå-, cu-, tugu-n(d)rå-    <v>    bite, chew
cinnå-mwn, -bwn    <n>    lumber vs. large (pinewood?) forest
ciph-ad, -od/th, tophog, lhwdog    <n>    cheek or jawbone
cith(o)r; paeg; (s)yg(o)r    <n>    side, flank
ciw(h)Vd(h), cŷd(h)    <n/adv>    much, a lot
cleb(CV)-, ceneb-    <v>    to suffice, be enough
cluduidiå- ~ (g)luduiliå- [*-todj- or *-tolj-]; g/Ci-darchå-; hon(th)isgå-    <v tr>    to attach using iron nails
clui-d, -r, tluir    <adj>    loud; clearly audible
[ clundro/V(s), lhonn-/lhynn-or/-(h)ach    <n>    ring (metallic) ]
c/hob-; dinnå-; [ g/iathrå- ]    <v>    to close, shut
b>c/godoth; mVnhwnc; búrog(-dhV, -aif)    <n>    sleep(ing), slumber, dream
codo(l)ch / thabag/thawag/thunud(h) / todoch    <n>    blood
colchå-, celyg(on)nå-; d/f/pVdieg-, dwveg-    <v>    to pertain to, apply to, concern
con(n)oph, cepharth; peodh/peog; nod-, saud-ol; thVrain, thårui(b)    <n>    direction, heading, way
c/hwnw-ng, -nc    <n>    rug, carpet
[ conth-ol, -a(e)l    <prep>    among, amidst ]
cosp, cothw-b, -ph    <n>    bush
cwth(or)reg; aph(VC)drag; nangla/lu-dhor    <n>    wain, carriage
[ cothåph, cu(n)thab, ] cunåph ~ hunw-; ichil; pVdol; ?å/ubr(oth) [*ʒap-, *ʒup-]    <n>    back(side)
co-, ci-thon; sachon; iaenc(h-); wdro-b, -th    <n>    knee
crennå-    <v>    (onomatopoeic?)
cr/grethå-; echrå-; ygVdn/nnå-    <v>    to open
crigol, crimmo-l, -n-    <n>    (high) seat, throne
cron(n-); tåvålch; (C)odrwm(m-)    <adj / n>    warm or warmth
cu(i)nåth, cunu-st, -(i)th [*kunitsa-]; (C)emenc; [cVn(d)loph]; sinn-ag, -wth; t(h)a-/t(h)e-gåf    <n>    bridge
cun-, cyn-eu, -nw (-ny), -(t)hål    <adv>    (moving) forward [= V(ph)god ?]
cunodr, cinodr    <n>    forth-moved thing, plot, tale
cunug, cunc, cúVn    <n>    sign; indication
cwphwn-ghå, -thå-; (i,n)o(e)chnå-/i,nochon-    <v tr>    to treat or cure; possibly also 'to improve'
cynår, hydr, cod(V)r; caeb/th/s; (a/ing)iaul, ioeb/d; måbr(w); mhaeg/s; [?meloth]    <prep>    next to, beside
cýphå- ~ twphå-; pwnnod/g-; iag-    <v tr>    to add
da(th)-; nwb-; lhá-; gu(v)-    <pref>    COMPARATIVE
dan(th)ech    <n>    wraparound ('jacket')
dang, dana(n)c, deunc    <adv/prep>    without, sans
dånn-wc, -och; i(C)thalph; (t)afråch; fed(o)l; sochon, (s)unthe(b), (i)wthwb; musp; canåph    <n>    tree [?= fVnar ~ pandra-; seichi- ]
delod/th ~ deigiod/dh; mon(g)Vnc; athas    <n>    hillside, mountainside
dene(i)giå- [= th-/g-odrå-]    <v>    to build, construct
denghå-, denchå-, tanghå-    <v>    to press : denghro a dark, looming cloud
[vs?] denia-    <v tr>    to command, order, tell
(CV)-destå-; (t)wnchå-; nime(i)niå-, nimminchå-    <v tr>    to follow
dolt/dolVdh/doll-; (ng)ubrol    <n>    evening
[ -dwr, -dír, -wd    <suff>    TRANSLATIVE (also "for ..ing, in order to") ]
dorchå-, d/t    <v>    to mask, put in disguise
dor-eph, -wph, -(a)eg [*dār-, *daβar-]    <n>    face
dossoth, dwstath    <n>    fool
dov(å)-    <v>    to set, lay, place
[ dragoth- (dr, tr)    <v>    to cause, bring about vs. to achieve ] = telthå-
(-)drais    <n>    environment, surrounding(s)
drån- / (-)gran-; iath(n)å-; cephnå/rå-; (tlar)chVth(n)å-; hiódå-/hionnå-    <v>    to shine [dran- = 'to conquer, take (over)' in L3?]
dranas; feb-ain, -ol, -(o)r; mim(mVg,l), mim(m)ien    <n>    time (general)
drel(l), -VC [*derel-s-, -n-]; (c/t)nessac/ch    <n>    decade
drílon(n); pan(h)ob; ummol    <n>    synonyms of the Sun
drim(o)l; a/eglid/th    <n>    teardrop
drin(n)-aur, -or(th)    <n>    vastness, great open space [ewh. uldor]
[ drochil, tr..    <n>    mast of a ship
drwph-og, -uich, tr..    <n/adj>    outside, external
droth(n)å-, (h)odroth-    <v>    to come late, be late
duir(i)å-, duin(i)å-    <v>    to dwell, inhabit, 'live'
eb(gå)-; chw/gweithrå-    <v>    to measure
ebin(n-) [*apind-, *akwendi-]; unthål    <n>    root, base, stand-on, pedestal
eb-mVng-    <v>    to fall (off?)
ech-nwb, -nos-    <n>    attitude or habitual behaviour
[ echi(v-), (t,h)essi(v-) [*aksi-b-, -m-]    <n/elem>    evening / (of) late- ]
edair [*atarj-, not *et-]; onchil; ?mengrad    <n>    path
edr-, (h)edryC; nam-as, -ath / manath; unthod    <n>    particle
edril, edrynn    <n>    long; tall
edwnc, ethonc, ibånc    <n>    vessel, ship
edvag/veg, ethva, (h)u(n)dranc    <prep>    among, amidst
-ef (-aif!), -u(i)d, -ynd, -aig, -nghaw/-thaw    <deriv suff>    ADJECTIVE indicating being somewhere or in some state (also used for ESSIVE)
egeb, emmeg, ing(h)ob    <n>    moment
egna ~ egro    <prep>    beside, at, with
eich-ab, -od, -uth    <n>    brick
e(i)diå-, e(i)dius-, ?h.. [*(kh)etj-]    <v>    to drink [vs. e(i)dior = ce(i)th-Vf, -ni; naul; hedob prep. along]
emmel-er, -ai-r, -dh    <n>    a species of flower
endlå-, indlå-    <v>    to cross, go over
(C)endoch; cabon, cothwn, ogoth    <n>    hill
engla-, engol(t); tonach(o)l- [*tun(d)aksul-]; tarnig-    <n>    fire-on-log, campfire
eng(o)r(th), enchor(th)    <n>    tree
enia, enni(o), chinnw(i); b/mlain; dram    <adv>    again, once more
enoth; eph-onc, -oth; theub/f; uph-uch, -us; (d)eug    <adj>    white
er-    <v>    to act, interact, function [ixt. er(e)gof substance, material, matter]
estag-, thag(å)-, da-/tha-stag-    <v>    to hold; to hold up, in hand
-ethli, -ogdw/i, -ogno    <suff>    TOOL (INSTRUMENT) NOUN forming suffix
ethrub, edrub, (C)rawag, (b)roeg, ruith; b/mVnn-ui(f), -wos    <n>    colour
eutha-, eisia- [*ep't(h)-]; m/pingrå-    <v>    to vanish, disappear
farånt, ferinnVth    <n>    banner, flag
fathrå-    <v>    to sink, go down, descend, set
f/hendrå-; mristå-; canhab-; y/onghå-    <v>    to press down, weigh (intr)
fen-Vth, -åch; hanach ~ onnåch    <n>    passage, pass (in mountains)
fenrw-th, -ch; Vth(h)Vg, aeth- ~ thachad    <n>    page (in a book)
fincho(dh) ~ fun(t)h-os, -ub (f/p!)    <n>    open air, "outside"
fl(e)ong, n(d)V-flong, artlhong    <n>    musical note
fod-; adwch/th-; cranåth-; cauthå-    <v>    to see, view
fon(n)åth, fonaes    <n>    encampment, camp
fVngh-år; i/nath-råg/d; (h)on-eth, -wth ~ cwnthr(å-); (n)amab; nwmchal; cad-/go-phång, pathrab, cwdhur; (t)ådhwr; thunw, thanwoth, unthol, (u)dawchVd; c/th/saflåd [L/N]    <n>    forest, woods
fub(u)ith(å)-; dae(a)th-    <n/v>    study; to study, look into
fuchr-od, -ab ~ uch(ch)wrth, puchrwd, aphVrch    <n>    torch
funh-ws, -oth; din(o)r/dun(u)r; (po,tho)golt; (s)athn-ag, -åf/l; n(d)ang-hu, -å(l,s)    <n>    mouth ~ maw
gall-wd, gVll-wd, -wb; p/todhva; (m)brass; (s)achål; f/t(h)wgl    <n>    water
gam(m)ach, gVmbr; dass; dumm-ag, -wch; (i)åthnw(l)    <n>    hand or arm
(g)anaech(å)- [*ʒanaksi-]    <v intr>    to chill, freeze
gar-, ngar-, mi(ng)ar-    <v>    to point (at, towards)
gathor    <n>    punch; (single) strength
gathrå-, gathnå-    <v>    to punch or hit (ram)
ga(u)voth, gembåth, tafgod/th    <n>    bowl
gebrå-; gunastå-    <v>    to touch, lay hand(s) on
ged(vå)-; rochnå-; iaeth(r)å-    <v>    to shine : related to gedis(t) year (= Vnolt) ? standstill ?
ged(h)-roth, -rost    <n>    shining / meaning, significance
gelwi(C); d/tag-ol, -ws; ta(ha)nc    <n>    side (left, right, etc.)
genaiv, genyv, m/benaiv; saiag    <adv, prep>    without, sans, lacking
gengol ~ n/thench-ol, -os    <n>    basket
gessai-dh,g-    <v>    to lead (= mendrå-); to result (+in)
geug(å)-    <v>    feel hunger (or impersonally: make hungry)
gVmiaed, gephiaed    <n>    toe / toes
gindrå-; uguithå-; lhodlå-; pennwg-    <v>    to show; to seem, look like
gim(m-)    <adv>    above
ging(o)r, g(r)ongwr    <n>    mountain, hill
gith, -an(c); gofwd; nagwr, neigyr; hen-(o)er, -air; tuieng; nhalwd/g; f/chun-uC, -or    <prep>    between
(g)ithor, (g)wthor    <n>    substance, material, stuff
gla-nd, -nn, glonni-    <adv/adj>    yet, still [= pin-, pwn-or], (once) more vs. abiding, being in use
glang(h)å-    <v>    to attempt, try
glar-ha(n)g, -(g)ob, -(r)on(n), -yg; cl-, tlodwg    <n>    pearl
glerch [*g'le/ir-kā]    <n>    place, location, locale
(g)leuthå-, glionthå-    <v>    make, fashion, produce, prepare
gloph-ad, -oth, -ug, tl-    <n>    aperture, hole
glond-wn, -ob; och-don, -lon(n), -nor; (d,tl,dl)amred- [+adj suffix]    <adj>    round, circular
glui(dh,th), glae(dh,th)    <n>    'point', idea, factor
(g)lun(t)h-ol, (g)lyg-yd, -yth [g/ch]; (c/h)einiog    <n>    power, control, mandate (Macht)
-Vg-menz-/-monz-    <v>    understand, comprehend
gonhåd    <n>    foot
go-n/d-ag, -wth, gom(m)-, d(i)o-n/ph-Vg; iaph-(wd); rûs/rov-(oth)    <n>    shoulder (or the first element in its translation)
goru; beuon    <n>    night
gothol / (d)wthol; thewin-(i)u, -y; thorth    <n>    rear, aft
gun(h,tlh)-aeg ~ -ith    <n>    breath (single or in general) [v. c/sudwph-(i,n)å- to breathe]
gwadwch-/gwedychi-(å)-; rh/grithegrå-    <v>    to shoot; #2 with a bow
gwåg(å)-; nethrå-    <v>    meet (with), encounter, see
gw-e/i-nchå- ~ dlegnå-    <v tr>    to reach, get to
g(w)ongo- [*wog-, *wag-]    <n>    (to) glance, glancing; ?window
gun-hwd/-had; budol/gwenwl    <n>    river
[ gúthang    <n>    nature, character ] = erdhV-g, -th; cin-wnt, -hath; segin(C), se(n)ghad
gwabor/g(w)obor; meng(o)l; lhan-nw(n)g, -wog    <n>    tree (sg.) ~ wood (material)
gwadVg; g(w)onth-an, -i(n)    <n>    nature; inner character (~ (f-/h-)ínach)
gwan-ag, -c, gwanchåth    <n>    building, structure [vs. gwan(th)och ~ dothnog snow(bank?)]
gwar-ag, -og    <n>    branch (also "up-a-tree-state"?)
gwas(olthå)-, gauth(aring;)-, gioth-    <v>    to preserve, keep, uphold [~ brin(nå)- ?to hold in, contain]
gwêg, gwiog    <adv>    very
gwêl; tedhV-b, -g    <n>    part, piece
gwemp; caub-wl, ?-ir, -ith(ra)    <n>    fog
gwen-; (C)anath(rå)-    <v>    beobachten
habrVg ~ cubthwg    <n>    street
[ hadag-, cadåg-    <v>    to destroy, undo ]
hadhVg, (h)wpharch; befr, thwfr; cran-as(t), -(i)wth; punnoch; uchro; (V)nghwrth    <n>    snow
(h)aed, -lV, -ro [*haʒtor-]    <prep>    against, versus [vs. hael = caeb ~ teub (any)more; still]
haem(p)    <num>    ten (10)
h(a)erthå-, n/dårthå-; pan-; tind(h)ag-, cwndwb-    <v tr>    to create, bring about
hanab, hanam    <n>    level, plain
hanth-eb, -V(e)n, -ol; tr-, dr-ochand    <n>    yard, enclosure
haranc, hud(n)Vnc; me/min(d)aith    <adj>    significant, important
h/d/taroth, h/d/teiri(aph)    <n>    pattern
hathnw(b), cathnV(b)    <n/?prep>    purpose, intent; also = Rus. dlya ? [= giog; saib, saub]
hêb, hewb    <prep>    during
(h/m/nh)ebeg / h/then(i)eg, hinob; tathl(ed)/tVthl(ed); mein-iog, -iodh; ich-od, -on    <n>    seed
hech-; gwn(d)oth; athwf, athif    <n>    load, burden
hecheliå-, hwcheliå-    <v>    to shine, radiate (reflected or distant light)
hed-ech, -och; othwd; pithol (pithla-)    <n>    crossing of paths or beams; cross
hegr, h/thogr    <prep>    toward(s)
heistiå- [*khjåst-]    <v>    to blow, puff
hen-    <v>    to ask, fragen
hen(n)ad/ag-, henath-    <v>    to find, locate
hesb-id, -Vd; penåv; unth-/ynth-VC    <n>    hall (small)
heun, hen(n)eg; ?tuio; cenn-u, -aith, cêw    <prep>    above
h(i)agåthlå-, heigåthlå- vs. thanghuthlå-    <v intr>    to explode
(h)ian-ath, -eth, -wth    <n>    moment, instance [occasion = aeg(ol) / iogol; piwed; (g)laib/th]
hilphå- ~ tholphå-; ge/gwmphå-; (h)åth-/ith-iod-    <v>    to float
h(i)olthå-    <adj/stem>    to follow or monitor, keep an eye on
híra(e)th    <n>    communication, (common) language
hobrå-    <v>    to misplace, lose [vs. h/thobon = miloch = lake?]
(h)ôd/dh, (h)odVg, (h)odåth    <n>    star
hod(V)l, hon(t)hod(h); gwinnob ~ cenn-åb, -ig, -thwl    <n>    physical body
(h)olch-o(r)d(h), -åd(h)ri, -(r)uib, -rui(th)    <n>    disorder, mess, chaos
hónad, hånoth    <n>    tower, spire
hondrå-, h/t/th [*sko(no)d- etc.]    <v>    to arrange, put in order
hon(t)h-å-    <v>    to reach; to seek to complete a work vs. to copy (= (cu)minnol-), make an imitation (nn -or, -er, -yr "a copy")
hwnn-, hwnn-åth, -åch    <n>    stream, flow, gush (usually of water) vs. a spinning-motion (honn-VC, hothon-n, -t < SKON-OS, SKOTH-ON)
hoth/heth; gwathol / prathål; pachab    <n>    hole, perforation
hudVg, had(n)Vg; gweth-nw, -(n)ud; (bl)igol; f/padar; (t)lonach/(t)lwnwch    <n>    belly, stomach
hûdh, hutho    <prep>    (floating) in the air of; roughly, approximately, about
hu-, (n)hV-gostå-    <v>    to indicate
huin-å(n)g, -o(dh) [*sk(h)unj-]    <adj/stem>    of outside
h/pun-ug, -ang, -uph, -ol; nomob/novog    <n>    body; vessel
hurudhi(å)-; conog-; nhathrå-    <v tr>    to touch
hûth; (m)be(n)goth    <n>    deck, plane
hw-, Cn-, tn-essa-g, -p(h); (t)hVgon; lhådhob    <n>    skull
hwon-eg, -og, (h)min(a)eg; echwth, ucheth    <n>    shore, beach
i-, t-ochoC, ythå(n)g; cîth, cithor; naub/noeb; b/m(o)rong; tre(l)ch; immVd ~ ump    <n>    head (anat.)
iabad; iådaeg; thudwg; maeg; ithrog/ch/m [u/o]    <n>    weather, circumstance
i(a)ch-Vl, -arth, hiodech, tochol, h/côph, (c,h)óthosg, t(h)wdåch, gwachid/gossach, ma/megwd(h)    <n>    paper
iagor; sae-dh, -f; hetheb; gwåssa-C; droeg    <adj>    long (qq. tall?) vs. length (#1)
ialw, iala(e); dongor/dengur; ?canwth    <n>    colour
ianchil, ienchil    <n>    fortress, fortification
ianthVr, iannar; dorw, torw; seng-or, -un(t) [cVnholt]    <n>    place, locale [vs. ianw-ch/th- to sound off, be heard?]
[ iaphar-    <v>    to produce (abstr), result in ] (= unghå-, hiunghå-, i(a)eroth-)
iath-(a)n, -wm    <n>    ?darkness (unlit state) [vs. being related to iathlå- to reach, obtain if a word in this l.]
ib-    <v tr>    to decide vs. to pick up, lift [= (C)i/ummog-; ch(w)anthå-; tauchå-]
ichdå-    <v tr>    to reach
ichim, (C)V-chim(b) [*ksimb-]    <n>    horn; pinion
idob, inna(e)b    <adj/n>    murky; murkiness
idhringå- / idhrunnå- / idhongrå-    <v>    to thrive, "be at home"
ieblå-, iblå-    <v intr>    to end up; to end up having (to)
iechlå-, nechlå-    <v>    to demand, call for
ieneth    <n>    watch, guard vs. abidance, stay
ilthå-; saug(å)-, soeg(å)-; h/pVdhrov-    <v>    to spread (tr & intr?)
im-lo, -lu; (nV:)lain-c, -t    <prep>    toward, -s
immir-, (C)emrV(d)-; pinthå-; tummwg/ch-; [pon-]    <v>    to look
imrub/l- ~ iamråd-    <v>    to imitate
(C)i/end-n/r-ach    <n>    construction, building
inthå-, ach(å)v(n)å-    <v>    to huff, puff, blow
iobor; nael; grath-eg, -os, -wb/l    <n>    limb
iochVm, iaeg; hyg(å)n / ha(i)eg; mh/vêl; th/pafnå, pång(h)V, paenc; suira-C    <pref, prep>    until, ad
[ ioch-Vd    <adj>    small, tiny ]
-(i)wn, -nw (-n-ae), -(u)v, -(e)th    <suff>    a suffix with GENITIVE or LOCATIVE sense [latter / -yg/-yf, -iwn = -nol, -naw, -rw, -(l)í(b)/-lú/-(l)ý; prep. iw-f, -d, ho(e)b, yss(oC)]
iod-en, -on, iodna-    <n>    choice, option
iolthå-    <v>    to pursue, chase (after)
iongå-, ionchå-    <v>    to join
ionob-, ionthå-    <v>    to go, lead
[ iåph-    <v>    to fall; befall ]
(i)oth-nå, -rå-, githrå-, i/erch/rthä-    <v>    to return
(ith-/V-)thilw-, -tholw- [*ts-]    <v tr>    to sneak, creep
ithnå-    <v>    to lure, entice
ith(o)r    <n>    cloud
iθθag-; ngath-, hath-(i)ånnå-    <v>    to sail
(ió-)/(i)u-ruidiå-    <v intr>    to be born, be generated
iuib, iungob/iuino(gr); iaitho/pithio; blegol; drostol, dron(g)hVth; crwthog/cromhob/s; Vmthal; (V)missog/d    <n>    hearth, fireplace
iul(l)oth]    <n>    opening ('crack'?) / breathing-hole, venting-window
iund(ro)]    <n>    pocket [not a L3 word (?also)?]
(i)wai, (o)wai, (C)Vnthai, idon; senVb    <adv>    also, too, as well
lemm; pudunc; thinVl, thunwl    <n>    cover
lod(CV)-, lhod(CV)-, nhod(CV)-    <v>    to bite, chew
-(l)on; -(d)ig, -dhí, -dhint    <suff>    ADVERB
luid(i)å-, (CV-)loed(i)å-    <v>    to kiss
lhåch(V-); pa(n)vag; (C)athalch    <n>    (a single) stone [material : gwidol, gwothof ]
lhå(nV)st, rhwnVsg/st; pa(dV)lh    <n>    fruit
lha/lhedrog ~ lhwbrog    <n>    = clock
lhenod    <n>    moment (very short)
lh-, (t)l-erchå-; tufrå-    <v>    to paint
lhor(o)f, lher(u)if    <adj>    crooked
lhubug    <adj/n>    cold, qq. coldness (vs. ichåd(h), missag coldness, low temperature)
lhur(r,d)-og, -a(n)c (u/i)    <n>    stomach, belly
mabach / c/pubwch    <n>    lantern
ma(n)ch-VC, -ail    <adj>    warm
machåstå- ~ michistå-    <v>    to prepare food, cook
mad/δ-rå-; e(n)dog-    <v>    to pull; to suck
mael(C)    <n>    sight, vision, view
[ magr- ~ dwgr-    <n>    mood, atmosphere ]
malob; (g,r)imbrang    <n>    plain, pasture; pastur-age, -ing?
malthå-    <v>    to release, set free or to open up (= cengrå-)
malph; sogol(-); tior, teur(-); dosswb, dost    <n>    remainder, (the) rest of sth
mamrå-, me(n)gCå-, maeblå-    <v>    to benefit, be of use to
mVncho-d, -s    <n>    sound; voice
månwch, menelh; godhon, godhrw    <n>    rope (syn. lhu/lhyniol)
man(V)d; póchwd    <adv/prep>    inside, within
marn- / (pa)ramb- / kud(an)yul- / kal-usb-, -u(n)zd-    <v>    to resemble; to depict
maun(i)g, maunc, unc    <n>    storage, supply
m/baich; tanchwb/d; iug [*im'k-]; thiwch; c/pidog    <n>    house, building
m/bell-id ~ ma/mull-od/g    <conj>    in order to, so that
m/blan(nå)-    <v>    to call, name
m/boron    <adv>    before [vs. m(o)ronc/rong through, via = gonva ~ chenvo]
m/brach(å)-    <v>    to be active, go about one's business
m/brethwng    <n>    voice
meb-; bVntlhab-    <v>    to be going to, intend, mean
[ m/bechil, m/buil [*-osil-]    <n>    right, access ]
menchor, (m)bonchor    <n>    danger
meng(C)å-, athvengå- [*theme3/g-]    <v>    to float, fly
mêub, mýb    <adj>    bleak; dim, obscure
míchå-, muichå- [*(i)m(b)ik's-]; [iondrå-?]; igdå- / u(n)gnå-; peuog-    <v>    to wash
miglå-; tVnrodh-; mlath(C)å-    <v>    to bend, twist, etc.
mig(V)r, maeg(V)r; ialth-VC    <n>    season
[ minach    <n>    shell, peel, 'skin' ]
minchå-    <v>    to end up, 'wind up', land (unintentionally)
ming, menc(h-); a(n)thrw-    <n>    conclusion; "suffix"
ming-å(rth), minthåg, mVndrw(l); boruil; tråphanc; gwech-r, -Vn    <n>    eagle [?vs. mV-, mi-ngor raincloud]
min(t)hå-    <v>    to accept; (?qq.) to be willing, consenting
minn-oth [*M- vs. *MB-?]; puthor; tl/tnassog; lennoth; (t)e(i)diag; (c)ebon(t)    <n>    peak, top
mi(th)rachnå-, lhurachCå-    <v refl>    to hatch
(V)mlaed; (V)n(g)hawag, (V)nheug    <prep>    amidst, among
modr-ob, mothr-ob, -oen, -wph    <n>    dance, swaying
mog(V)n, magn, begon, megwth; thegan    <n>    face
(m)ombrå-, imrå-    <v>    to move, stir
monach ~ (m)benn-eg(VC), -och    <n>    coast, -line
mondrå-    <v>    to charm, enchant
monthå-, monaechå-    <n>    to set in motion, start, 'ignite'
mrig-, brig-; ultho(r)-    <v>    to steer, 'drive'
m/broch, brûch [*(m)borokk-]    <n>    bull
muin-, mein- [*mon(d)jā]; obon(n)    <n>    region, area
mynC-oth, -oeg; t(h)-, auchos    <n>    scroll
nal-/nalthå-    <v>    to bring or fetch
nal-ad, -eth, nelaith, naloth    <n>    forest vs. wood
nanchor, (f,t,r)inchor    <n>    slumber, lethargy
nelt, neleth; nho-, la-nath    <n/prep>    'side' or vicinity/next to, beside
nemb, (-)nem(b), nemmVd; cun(V)r    <n>    sign; written sign, letter
nethl/rå-    <v>    to begin, take up
(-)n(d)ennå-    <v>    to compensate for, pay
[ -ngos (-ngessi/y-)    <suff>    PAST or PERFECT TENSE ] (= -eid/C-)
nēr-, thir-, n(d)uig-ef, -(h)wdh, -wc, -io(n); maech; paer-    <adv>    ahead, in the front
(n)ilog-; fangoch-; gesseg- ~ gwssod,th-    <v>    to stray
nimm-åch(VC), -al(w)f, nammob    <n>    harvest
ninchå- / nichlå-    <v>    to beat, batter; forge
nob-nå-, -rå-, gå-/gu-nob-; g/i/m-ondlå-    <v tr>    to read
nomor, nombr    <n>    house, building (of a particular type?)
nwdh(å)-, nydhiå-; e/wmphå-    <v>    to shine
nothrå-    <v>    to hold up, sustain, support, carry (vs. [CL?] nóthål = cleub/d "common, together-held")
[ numåg    <n>    house, dwelling ]
nha-god, -gotlh, nhwgad/th; pothor(ag)    <n>    (wooden) platform or covering
nhamrå-    <v>    to taste; to try on; to try as a measure (solution)
-ob/-oeb; -ui(b,v)/-u-b,v; -lo/-(th)al(C); -(n)ång; -ethrw-/-irdh    <suff>    PAST PARTICIPLE [yet consider the cross-continental similarity of W -edig, Turk. (tanı)dık]
obol(C)-: obol(thå)-    <v intr vs. tr>    to pass (of time) vs. to shout, yell
oboth, ebaith, obweth; åphr-ol(C)    <n>    light(weight)ness
ochon, Vchon    <n>    manner, way, method
-od, -iod; -alt; -iph (-eb?); -von(C)    <suff>    same sense as in Finnish -nto (also cf. Lat. -ura) - vs. "sth ..ed" = *-(u)kwā, *-p-, *-(i)kl-, *-Vnk-
odhw-b, -v    <n>    star
odri-, cydri-; ie(i)giå-; uthå-    <v>    to rise (up), arise
-(o)en; -ag, -(d)wg, -dw(f/b), -n/dul; -ui(l/r)    <deriv suff>    any basic essentiality (NOT the instrument!) which allows or underlies actions (e.g. edr-, (t/c)ådr-oen = message)
ogoph ~ hodhoph    <n>    key [ergo, (h)og-, hodh- = *to open]
oldeg, ?goldeg; gwodon    <n>    nest, lair
om(b)gal, (g)omph-wng, -ach; (b/h)unth-an, -ad; monang/t; tofn-aes, -(d)Vrth    <n>    pier, wharf
om-    <pn>    that, there [is the verb below from same base, as if Fi. *tuontaa/tuonna-n ?]
ommå-, ond-ra(b)-    <v tr>    to translate, interpret
-(o)m(ph-)    <suff>    = Finn. -(i)lu ?
omphVs/d, ochath; iammeg /mh    <n>    platform; pier, wharf
(on)ammå-; iaethå-/iag(ad)-; san-/soen-/seunå-/(s)aedh-; m(b)åthnå-, (c)athnwg-    <v intr>    to grow
onchwth-; wphdåch-; (i)oth(d)wch-    <v intr>    to burst, explode
ong, on(a)th, onh-V-, w:ch [*onkw- (var. *enkw-)]    <n>    house (sense ?= Sem. bayt) [= telwth; bre(n)god]
onoch(l-), onchwd; II) onch-i, -V (?t..)    <n>    interior; II) prep. inside
ophon, ophw-g, -(i)th; m/ban(t)hål    <n>    cloud; island
(C)or(ph)ath-    <v>    to weave, knit
or(th)ob, or(o)th; gonoch; t-, s-ochob    <n>    trunk, stem
ost-lwd, -lonc/ng etc.    <n>    shack, shed, warehouse
-(o)th    <suff>    a suffix with LOCATIVE [= -(h)wd], ADVERBIAL or GERUND-like sense (i.e., Finn. -an, -aan vs. Lat. -ndo)
othmaer-    <n>    garland, crown
othob- / ethebiå-    <v>    to rescue, save vs. to envelop, constitute / comprehend
wtholch/malluch; prathVg; rho(go)st; (t)ain-ith, -ig    <n>    chair, seat
p-, t-(a)eg-in, -on; nach-al, -il    <prep>    (along) with, following, after (= cedrå; prochor), by
padhVb; nhaenc/ng    <n>    direction, heading
(p)ador; saef; angu(f); tad(a)eg; cidif    <n>    hand ~ fist
panwVg; drich-an/-un    <n>    week
parwb, parVph    <n>    smoke
pau(v-); engw, iôg; (b)riw-; (t)noe ~ (t)naub    <n>    species, sort
pe(i)chid, pachåb    <adj>    empty
pelt, pilt; meg-en, -Vn; [machoth]    <n>    skill, (personal) quality
pem(m-), penu(th)    <n>    shoulder
[ pen-roch-    <v>    to fit through ]
pen(e)v, pen(o)v [*pinma- ~ *kwinma-], pynnach/s; othnwng, ioged/th, cinad, c(a)ethni    <n>    door
peudh, peuth(VC)    <n>    quality, trait, characteristic
pewd/n(VV,VC) ~ pýr(iad)    <n>    trip, short excursion
pich(obCå)-; (hi)othad-, oth-iun-    <v>    to wake up
pinchedr    <n>    wheel(ery?) vs. transport (ride), wagon, wain
pion-, puin-, pong-(c)håth, -dol    <n>    art, drawing(s); (pion(t), pýnVd = b/mavag, b/maeg = wgoth) habit
pir-/pi(n)g(å)-    <v>    to arrive
pith-r, -ro, b/pennwr; rådl-V(C) [dl/dn]    <n>    world
plaeg, ploeg, plath-r, -an; neun(d)    <n>    drinking-vessel (cf. othn-Vr, -anc; nync glass-container, bottle)
plammab; glon(th)Vl-    <n>    headgear; hat(s); helmet(s)
planchå-, plach(d/n)å-; thó-iunth-    <v>    to cook, boil
plenn-; agr-/(h)e(i)gr-; saeg/l    <adj/elem>    new
pob-, pobuinå-    <v>    to hear, listen
podor    <n>    lodging, accommodation, shelter
[ pollon    <n>    space, room ] (= othonc, h/cathon; tr/pral-(a)f, -of )
pommod; (t)honnod; praen; (g)rach-an, -ol    <n>    leg ~ foot
pon(g)Vr; thwdhrod; trellåb, trelch-u, -ån    <n>    seat, throne [cntr. *kwån(d)umba > ponom "image"]
ponorth/donorth    <n>    wide cleft, pass or passageway
por-    <v>    to (come to an) end, conclude [also transitive?]
p(o)thóp, kw(o)thóp [th/s]    <root>    light, illuminate > lamp
poth'r-, pun(tlh)ath; (c)uthan ~ ceth(y)f    <n>    year
prad-os, -enc, -hal(C-)    <n>    verse(s), poem
praig, praith; navog v/w    <n>    rubble, any material crushed or ground
premmå-; agr/adhrå-    <v tr>    to go meet, to stand in front of; ?answer for
prenn(-Vl, -eb, -anc)    <n>    intelligence, intellect, wits; recollecting, record (-ol-, -ur, -uth)
preul (br-); hâd(h), -oth    <adj>    far, distant (*-adv)
princhå-    <v tr>    to store, keep safe, record
proch-; (C)anhod-/(C)onhod-    <v>    to touch
pw:d, pwd-uf, -ath    <n>    area, space or time between
[ pulob    <adj>    other, another / else? ]
pwn-, t(h)ån-dril-iång, -iod(h), -(d)wg, -t    <n>    music
pun(chå)-, pon-    <v>    to reply; to answer for
pun(u)r, punth(a)r    <n>    land (region); world
pýdå- / piod(å)-    <v>    to lie, be located
raed(o)- ~ raedhol- [o/i]    <n (+ adj?)>    early hour
[ ramag; tond-i/u-    <n>    boot ]
rammach ~ gr/tranhach    <n>    hour
ramphå-, ?gr-    <v>    to face, go towards
[ ranc(h)ol    <v>    chamber vs. cell ]
rånh-, (t)rånth-    <adj stem>    second, not first; another
[ ran-ath, -oth    <n>    sight, eyes ] = dothVr, dothr(u); plûd(h)
[ rathir-, rassVr-, ranghå(r)-; toch(o)n-    <n>    firwood(s) / pinewood(s) ]
re(i)niå-, ?gr..    <v>    to carry, take, transport
reo-b, -g, -th, riuth; pen-eg, -og    <n>    trait, characteristic
reus    <n>    expense, responsibility
rimmoch ~ rofnwch    <n>    *staring, stare
-ri(n)    <suff>    ??
rin(t)hir, ronhåth; pVnchr-    <n>    cogwheel
-ro, -rý (-oer), -dhó    <suff>    a suffix with DATIVE (= -(iå)f, -iol; prep. (n)do), DYNAMIC (= -eu, -oe(w), -dl, is(se)b, os(so)b) or TRANSLATIVE sense (= -oe-ch, -b, -phwb)
roeth, roef    <n>    spine
[ rommV-l, -n; rhobwn; go(n)thwg    <n>    sound, voice ]
ron-    <v/stem>    to exist vs. to maintain; put in order, organize : ronor = cosmos
rud(V)r-, rhathr-; c/hiroch    <n>    garden [= c/han(n)wb ?]
run(d)rith    <n>    region, domain [a word of the next language below?]
rynthwr; advaeg, odlaich; pothVgl; (t,th)Vdalch    <n>    an animal's nest or hole
rh(a)edhol    <adj/adv>    like a single group or mass = together [= troch(o)n-, promm(og)]
rhāg; d/m/nolch    <prep>    after, since
rhamphå-    <v>    to wish, bid vs. to notice (= atheb-/athob-)
rhanch, rhå(å)ch, rhanVb, rháb(-am) [*sra(n)kw-]    <n>    chain [= hidach]
rhang-do, -no [a/e]    <n>    space, roominess, room
rhel(-thå-, -Cå-) etc.    <v>    to scrape, scratch
rheth-ni(l-), rheth-nå(g), etc.    <n>    age, era
(-)rhid(iå)-, (-)rhaed/th(å)-    <v>    to search, make a quest
rhigo, rhaeg-, graeg; agaf; lhon(od)    <prep>    behind [= cŷv, ciåv], around ["around, about" = cein(io); tollwd]
r(h)imboth, (g)rambåth, hun(d)oth    <n>    rapids
rhi(n)gå-; c/ngov(oth)-; (C,di)ass(ag)-; hwdrå-    <v>    to fall (#1: slowly)
rhod/g-; ith/uth-rod-; rhenthiå-    <v>    to carry, bear, support
r(h)ogoth, r(h)amm- (+unit suff) [*srok-, *sraβak]    <n>    a male youth
rhont, rhon(h)oth; nhad(dh)wn    <n>    summer
rhovod-, rhaud-, rha(n)god-    <v>    to admit, grant
rhofl; on(d)rad/th    <n>    earth (ground, soil)
rhugVd; (d)ychi, (d)uch(i)-ad, -ath    <n>    vapour, gas
sab(å)-, seibiå-; iaeth(å)- [*jak's(t)-]    <v>    to belong
sael, soe-d, -g    <adj>    important, significant
[ sagolthå- / sagob-Cå- (etc.)    <v tr / refl>    to hide / to go into hiding ]
sanach    <n>    enterable thing, i.e. room, space, cave
sanwr: sanorCå-, sene(i)riå-    <n: v>    entrance: to enter
sar- ~ sarthå-    <v>    to arrange, put in order, organize; to arrange for sth (to happen)
saroth, dharVth [< *z-]    <n>    device, means (vs. tharol, theiri-)
s/tarphå-, (s)irchå-; drång(h)å-    <v>    to understand, comprehend
sastå-    <v tr>    to conclude, bring to end
sathug-, sathiog-    <v tr>    to break, smash, etc.
sav-, sudh-V(C), sang(h)Vn, saen    <dem pn>    this (one)
sawanc ~ seuonc    <n/adv>    sufficience, enough
seb-    <v>    to guard, monitor; to obey, follow
(sef)rach, thwch-, sui-raeth [*-kt-]    <n>    winter [= (t)aphorch, iú-/ý-derch, iV(V)råth]
segol-    <n>    look; appearance
seich(-) ~ hae(å)g; mindro; tenghVd/tommud    <prep>    after, since
selphå-/selimphå-; nanglå-; cunVrphlå-; dun-/lhoth-guiriå-    <v>    to pour
sendrå-, c/hendrå-    <vt/?vi>    to dry
seph(Cå)-; mon(t)hå-    <v>    to sleep ~ to dream vs. to mean, indicate, be precise
serev-Cå- [s/th]    <v tr>    to mend, repair, bring to right
sim(m)-leg, -(d)raeg, -gaph, -fod; (m)blVngr(on); then(n)asb; rheibiol; tro(e)do(b); po(n)thrw(l)    <n>    window
son(n)-Vg, -Vth    <n>    light
sovol, sovl-aur, -aug, sVn(n)ae(f), thanygl    <n>    measurement of journey-length (kilometer, mile aut sim.)
swnghå-    <v>    to shine vs. to surround
syl-, siul-, sa(e)ch-, sog- [L/DH]    <pref>    past, by, overtaking
(t)åg-, (t)och-rVth-, -ruithå-    <v tr>    to burn / singe
tae-g, -C; ýb(ad), ýg(on); nêw-    <n, pron>    someone, a person
tain; coe; se(i)ngi, suinc    <adj, adv, prep>    before
tandrå-, tanchå-    <v>    to climb
tá(n)g(h)Vth; glyv-oph, -oth; iassånc; igwos    <n>    ray, beam
taphr-ol, -os, -oth    <n>    shagginess, mess, disorder
taråch-    <v>    to follow
tastå- / thastå-    <v>    to mix, blend
ta(u)rwl    <adv/prep>    after, trailing, following [vs. taurald, a 3L word]
[ tavad, tagod    <n>    noise, louder sound ]
ta(e)w(in), teiw-chV; unwg; vreg-on, -in; iadag/iedVg; novob/g; ha(ngh)e / chadra    <prep>    for the sake of, because of, due to
teiniå- [*kj/tjanj-]    <v tr>    to conceal, bury
t(e)iadhon(n), t(e)iann [t vs. k]    <n>    care, mindfulness
t-, th-e(i)chiå- [*-a(3a)kh-j-]    <v>    to dig, excavate
(t)em, tei(a)m / sým / mýb, meub / p/celf, p/celw    <pn>    (my-, your-, etc.) self; own, personal
tem(o)r    <n>    place of stone(s); rockface
tenvå, tenw    <n>    (good) state, condition (vs. cingro "(any) status")
teph(å)-; fov-, faudhå-; (m)brossa-    <v>    to carry
terdh, terelh    <n>    mark, marking
teul, teud/dh    <n>    flood, inundation
tev(o)r [t. vs. c-]; eub(Vg); nog(e)n    <n>    field
tid'hoch; geneth    <n>    cave
tinn-, tind-; cistol(VC)    <adj stem>    nearby; soon to happen [= (g)remmol ?]
(t)lanåch    <n>    weather?
tlVnnå-, tlwnnå- [tl / pl / gl]    <v>    to stand (stay standing, remain upright)
tlaulå-; (c/t)lindlå; (m)eged-C/iå-    <v>    to wait for; to expect
tló-, tlý-girdh (tl/dl/etc.); arch-d/nio-d, -th    <n>    hunger
tlogwi, tlob-od, -oth (o-/u-/i-)    <n>    ear
tlonn; gadoch/cunuch; sonob    <n>    wall, barrier; shield
tluchu(g); tol-v/m-onc; dovog/dommugVth    <n>    plank, beam
t/c/podr-och, -al    <adj/n>    brown?
tondlå-; (n)uglod-    <v>    to wash away, to rinse
to(no)ch, tôm [*ton(o)kw-, *ton'gw- : JMJ/131]    <n>    presence? pace? vs. characteristic, ability [= cufr]
tonwil [with #taun- or *tunwa-]; thachnwb/l; från-ol, -oth; hwVchåth(-VC)    <n>    wing [#tonw/t(a)unw = dual "wings"?]; (?)al. ewd [*ebto-], cabath, m/brass, m/bross
tophwnc, tebanc; poth(n)wf    <n>    cup, dish
tor-; tach-; bav-; io(n)g- / nyg- / (gr,pr)a(n)g-    <pref>    to the inside, in(to)
t/th(i)wch-, nuv-, poth-, tha(n)-roldhå-    <n>    to yield crop, to bear as fruit
th/habrå-    <v>    to make up (form) or consist of
thaer(ad); iadVth; sana(C)/senyf    <prep>    until
thagrå-    <v>    to taste; ?to try
tham-, thang-rå-    <v>    to cool (intr)
th-andrå- (c-, p-)    <v intr>    to remain seated, sit
thann-os, -ach; obwnc    <n>    moon(light)
th(å)r-an, -in(d); ming; idlodh/th; mâch-/maen    <adv/prep>    atop, over, (up)on
thár-od, -oth, thar(w)eb    <n>    dream, vision
thechlo/a- ~ techol    <n>    high grass, hay (vs. urth-on, -ål; matlheg = green grass)
thennå-    <v>    to feel, sense
thevrå-, thavrå-    <v tr>    to touch
thêw; th/sogwn    <adv>    much, a lot vs. very
thi-, thondrå-    <v>    to rule, dominate, control
(th)ognå-; nenghå-; igrå-; cedheth-, cVnhåth-; c/hibrå-; pr/troch-, (C)wm-roch-    <v>    to pierce, go through
tho-(n)eb, -nob, thåbech; cr/tof(o)n; teneunc ~ teungi; må(n)ch-(C)VC; cunu-g, -ph; nhei(gi)åC    <n>    island
thondrå-    <v>    to mix/get mixed, mingle, etc.
thov(å)-    <v>    to copy, imitate
thûn, thun-w(ch), -chaph; saer; Vphoth; cún-ech, -ys, -aeth; moss-ab, -eng, mach(a)es    <prep>    across, beyond
thunwå-; cothlå-    <v tr>    to dress, wrap
tra-bVr, -wor; abarch    <n>    flesh, meat
tramba-C, -ch    <n>    month
tressu(b,l); nha(u)ng(å)    <prep>    beyond, across
triu(d,g)å-, trýra-    <v>    to exist, be found
tronå-    <v tr>    to observe; to read
trunoth    <n>    pillar, column
tuen, tuin, týn (T/S) [*s-, *t-onjo-]    <n ?du>    knee(s) [= ch-, s-avag-]
tuigr, tuigon    <n>    fireplace
tuiniol/tyniol; uguin, uchinn, i/uchod; aphach    <n>    box, container
[ tumråg    <adv, prep>    atop, (lying) on ]
tun(n)Vch / tun(n)uichå-    <n / v>    birth / be born
uchoch, (C)V-choch [*kso-kk-, *-ks-]    <n>    horror, terror
ud(Cå)- ~ uthå-, crothå-; (ne)iab-; dr-, fr-och(å)-    <v>    to mark down, to write
udhw-b, -ch, udhor; hu-, ra-gan(t); ia-, (n)V-thwl; thamr, (th)ubur    <n>    daylight, day
ud(o)r, udar    <n>    layer, storey
udug, ochVth, odoch    <n>    errand, task
uid(h)-; rhon-; tåg-, -dwn/-thwn    <n>    AUGMENTATIVE
uig    <n>    trace, remain(s)
[ -uir    <suff>    VERBAL NOUN/INFINITIVE (DATIVE?) ]
uithå- [*uk(u)t-]    <v tr>    to turn vs. to carry over; to translate
uitho-g, -l; br/mrassog; (C)óth(a)eb; s/tadh(g)orth; cr/frådh-ol, -Vn    <n>    stair, step [but h-/i-onthå- = to step]
ul(lå)ch ~ udub; tuol, tûl; nhâr, wnghor    <adj>    black
um-ral-; Cåmbagl- ~ hångwoth-; ianchol-; g(r)Vdhlo(b)-    <v>    to swallow
[ umsech    <n>    cave, underground space (OIr.t. item?) ]
undrod; uthwch-VC; rammob    <n>    pit; delving
(C)u(n)dub    <n>    moisture, dew
wn(n)-ob, -Vg    <adv>    some, a little (bit)
-unt, -ynt    <suff>    3RD PLURAL
(')u/y-rain(t), V(C)roen, uir(o)n    <prep>    toward(s)
[ urunnå- ~ (g)irinnå-    <v>    to hold ] = nu-, nó-thol-
usta-    <v>    to touch upon, trail the side of vs. to conquer
Vsteir, Vst(i)or    <n>    side, board, rib
uthiå-, usgå-    <v>    to fall over, tumble
uthrod-    <v refl>    to sit down
-v(Vr), -fr, -wåd/g; -phwn; -chal; -ró(C); -(th/g)wb    <suff>    INSTRUMENTAL (by, using, with help of) - vs INSTR. INF. = -ein(i)r or -uir, -uid(h)/oedh/-waed(h)
ýbå-, oeb-    <v>    to know, be aware of
yby-nc, (C)ubaich, (C)úbai-d(h), -f    <n>    beard
-y(ch), -AIL/-EIL, -gåv/-(i)wg, -(A)W(F)/-V-, -ui-v/d(h), -(ó)m [*-ps- etc!]    <suff>    suffixes with ABLATIVE and PROLATIVE sense
yd(a)r, ydor, iod(e)r [*jutar-]    <n>    circumstance, condition
ylt, ylyd, yled    <n>    region, domain, large area
ymp(heon, -h-ion)    <n>    wing, ?-s
ynt(a)wch, ynthaun(c), ynthoe    <n>    vineyard; garden [?ewh. t(h)å(m)begn-]; fruit-crop
ýthå-, ychod-; iavag-, lavag-    <v>    break off, become separate, loosened
ythri(b,l); f/pedoth    <n>    tip, "head"







: Appendix: Development of Various Combinations in a Welsh-like Language :

[-e-d'r-] > -air (-eir-) : JMJ 104
[-o-g'l-] > -oel : Ward (hoel)
[-u-g'r-] > -oer : Ward (lloer)
[-u-ga(t-)] > -eu(ad) : Ward (lleuad)
 
[-ē-g's; -ā-y(ū-)] > -ui : Ward (mordwy; mwy)[-i-y-, -i-ya-, -ye-] > -iδ, -uia-, -aea- : JMJ 75
[-V-ks-] > -ach/-aes; -ech; *-ich/-is(g); -aus; -uch/-üch (JMJ p. 142)[-V-kt-] > -aeth; -eith; -íth/-aith; -uith (JMJ 69)
[-e-kw-] > -eb : JMJ 65[-o-kw-] > -ob (JMJ p. 125) but [-o-nkw-] > -úch (p. 137)
[-a-l'm- / -a-lmi-] > -alv / -elv : Ward[-e-l's(V)-] > -eɬ : JMJ p. 137
[-a-mb-ra-] > *-amər (-amra-) : JMJ p. 151[-u-mn(a)-] > -ovn : JMJ 68
[-a-p's-] > -ach/-aes : JMJ p. 144 (W)[-e-pe(s)] > -ui : JMJ p. 102
[-i-sk-] > -ich (JMJ p. 109), -uch (p. 142), -isg- (cf. W esgob < Lat)[-V-s'n-] > -V:-n : JMJ p. 143
[-e-sor-, *-a-sor-] > -aer, -air : JMJ pp. 101-102
[-e-sol-] > -eol : Ward (heol)
[-i-su-] > -iu : JMJ p. 102
 
[-i-t'r(o)-] > -idr : Ward (hydr)
[-o-wa(n-)] > -aw(an-) : JMJ p. 104[-u-wa(n-)] > -ew(an-) : JMJ p. 104
[-V-z'd-] > -áth; *-éth; -íth; etc. : JMJ p. 144



—— ♦ ——



::  ' What Was Like the Stone of Sun? '  ::


among, amidst, in the middle of  ~ {prep} ~  r-t.-k.; ph-n-g/k.; t.-y-n/th
amount, number  ~ {n} ~  hunu(u)th- / hunaath-
begin, start  ~ {v} ~  tisil- / tišil-
between  ~ {prep} ~  (ʔ-)k./th-sh-ph
birth: give birth (to)  ~ {v} ~  (p/l)umug-; rat.ag- (> Intensive or Causative Stem?)
bright, brightness  ~ {adj/n stem} ~  y-r-g-; j-n-th-; ʔ/y-s.-d-; ʔ-ph-th-
centre  ~ {n} ~  unbān- / unumb- / anamb-
collide (?with)  ~ {v} ~  yanak.-; pukhud.-; khaphas./th- / kharath-
creak  ~ {v} ~  kywn-ñg/tarrak.-; th/ʔurrat.-
depart, take one's leave  ~ {v} ~  f-n-f-d- (quadrirad.)
eat  ~ {v} ~  nak.ad- / n/khuduk.-
fill (up)  ~ {v} ~  (k)h/kudub- [= stem/radicals of 'full']
forest  ~ {n} ~  šin(na)khath / šankhu(u)th
freeze  ~ {v} ~  h/ʔ-d/j-kh-; ʔajad/kh/th-
get up, arise  ~ {v} ~  ʔujur-; ʔ-y(y)-s/th-; yak.ad-
incomplete: be ~; be fermenting  ~ {v} ~  yaraq- / yanat.-
infiltrate  ~ {v} ~  y-s-ph- / ʔ(-g)-s-d/dh-; (with energetic effort) m-n-mš- (4-rad.)
lamp; Sun  ~ {n} ~  ʔuk.(k.)Vb / ʔok.V(m)b-; m/bVnalt-
lie, rest  ~ {v} ~  yat.am- / yak.am-
note: make a note of  ~ {v} ~  d-t.-n-; yalaq-
place, location  ~ {n} ~  gut.u(u)r / gôt.Vr, gut.r-a, -aw
prepare  ~ {v} ~  dhamar- / zun.ur-
press on, move forward  ~ {v} ~  s.anad/g-
road, path  ~ {n} ~  anpik- / wfakh(n)-; luzzawd- / huzza(a)l-
roll  ~ {v} ~  khunur-; n/Cilit.-
sea — (n) — rathul; utlhlha(thw)kh-
seawater; surf  ~ {n} ~  yatlhag-; ʔ/Cutlhud-
serve, service  ~ {v} ~  tanag-; yanad.-
set, lay, place  ~ {v} ~  bawag/k./kh- / bayag/k./kh-
slight(ly)  ~ {adj/adv} ~  dh-m-k.-
straw  ~ {n} ~  tlh/t(h)-p/f-n
survive  ~ {v} ~  g/mir(r)Vk.-
sweep (e.g. with broom)  ~ {v} ~  t/sh-g-r-dh (quadrirad.)
sword; weapon  ~ {n} ~  z-th-m; t.-n-q
through, via  ~ {prep} ~  ʔ-s.-kh
under, below  ~ {prep} ~  ma(a)g-in, -wn
weigh  ~ {v} ~  zamab/g-


abkath-, athkab-; akmash-/ikmish-    <v>    to catch smell of
agir/t(h)-    <n>    position
a(a)jak    <n>    surface
akban-, ukbun-    <v>    to leave (behind) vs. to get going, start moving (= am-ab-; thug-un-)
āk.-i(n)du, -ida(d,C)    <n>    label; fame, reputation
akam-, ikkåm-    <n>    world
ak.(k.)-al/an-; t-l-d-    <v root>    to count, reckon; to list
ak.aph-, ik.iph-    <v root>    to climb, get elevated
amik(h)-    <n>    ?target, habitual doer or means of observation; chapter
am-al-, um-ul-    <v root>    to look, behold at
anag-    <n/v root>    journey, travel
*anthawn-    <n root>    garden or pasture
-ap(h), -V:p(h)    <suff>    Tool Noun ('a means for ..ing')
ʔ-p(h)-k; ʔ/y-th-kh; y-t.-s    <v root>    to begin
ʔap.-am- / ʔip.-im-    <v root>    to fall vs. to befall, occur (= yan-as ?)
ar-ūb, -yob; yap(h)in; thunVl    <prep>    for (purpose of), going unto
asab- / Casab-; b-m-g-    <v root>    to learn; (caus. derivative) to teach
as.ab- / uthub-    <v root>    to be bright, white or light-yellow
at.aph- [t. / k.]; th/sayak.-    <v>    to happen, occur, take place; (#2) fare forward
awnath-    <v>    to raise, elevate
awshan-    <v>    to mean, refer to, purpose
a(y)nab-, (k)h~ / (s,C)a(y)lab- / kh-n-th-    <v root>    to find, discover
azad-, Cazad-    <v root>    to be hot, to burn
åz-im, -in, -it    <v root>    front, first- (NOT m, f, nt) ['to be the first' = rashash/s-, ranath- (etc.) — whence later rass(a)-]
(ba)k.an-, ba'an-    <v root>    to show, display
b-l/n-th-; marakh-; suk.un-; (h)adyag-    <v root>    to reach; to go as far as, up to
bamu-g, -kh; yo(o)k.un; yut.-ur, -ar; tha(a)khVm    <n>    tree; wood
b-n-kh/ph; k-t.-y-kh/ph    <root>    sail; to sail
bVVrath, p-, t-ârith    <n>    island
bômul ~ bum(m)ā̆l    <n>    circle [psbly = ārōkh]
dalas-    <v>    to bite (= ʔ/y-kh-t(h)); to grip or hold on tight
damak.-    <v>    to beat, batter; to forge
dam-aph- [ph/kh]; g/sath-al- / zalat(h)-    <v root>    to fall down
*dawph(-n)    <n (> adj)>    primality (> first)
d./z.un-ul-; ʔ/qaz-at(h)-    <v root>    to envelop; to surround
fat.-ar-; y-sh/th-ph; p-lh-w/b; lh-k.-th; ʔ-th-p-s    <root>    light, luminance; illuminate
(f)iz-Vb- / g/haz-ab-    <v>    to go, fare
furôkh-    <n>    edge, brink?
gab-at.-, qab-at.-; d-z-l/C-    <v root>    to forget
g-r-w-m; mak.(:)al; th/sanzī    <n>    journey, travel, voyage
gim-ith-    <v root>    to arrive; to be able to advance
ginakh ~ t.izakh; luk.uth; ʔVtpa(a)g/kh    <n>    ice
gith-il-    <v root>    to cool (intr)
giz-ir-    <root>    to flow, stream; to be moving forward (work etc.)
gud-ul-    <root>    to be liquid, waterlike
gV: (-eggu, -y/payg-) / rV: (-erru, -y/payr-) / yV(d.,z.) / qV(d.,z.)    <prep>    LOCATIVE (in, at) : prep. or suffix
hik.-i(n)d- / huk.-u(n)d-    <n root>    body (of the flesh)
huduk- / puʔut.- / ad/ak.yab-    <v root>    to suffice, be enough
h-n-z-kh : h-/th-/b-    <v root>    to collide (with)
h/kh-r-ph/d ~ kh-ph-r; n-kh-d/l; z-n-t.    <v root>    to remove
khadan, khidan (d/b)    <n>    eye; spring; center [= i(g)-, i(s)-dakh, ibakh ~ ubnukh]
khamu(u)-d/kh, kha(a)nuth    <n>    snow (> *h/janat(h)-)
khānam; zānat    <n>    evening, dusk
khēnuth; (C)ukunda(g/k.) / ta(n)k.ad    <n>    sound
khindVb-, khat.(an)nVb-    <n>    stair(s)
k(h)-n-ph-    <v root>    tp spin, roll
khw-r/n-akh, th-    <n>    riches, material wealth
īb-ê, -ay(di), -awwi    <adj>    unnecessary, in vain
igar; zâ'ub, zâ'ig    <n>    light [whence i(n)gat(h), ig(g)at(h) = star ?]
ik.id.- ~ n/thuk.ut.-    <n>    leather, hide?
ip(h)al, iplu-, iphrâg/k./t.; i/ulzå(å)th    <n>    course, path, track
iz-im-, uz-um-; nar-adh-    <v root>    to clean (purify, not house-clean)
j-k.-n-; ʔ-kh-d/r.-; ʔ-b/h.-g-n    <n root>    blood
kab-ash-/-ath-; dakash- (dukush-); zinir-    <v root>    to submerge (tr)
kad-ag-; nud-ub-; thab-    <root>    begin, start
ka(a)dat    <prep>    during
k-h-ph; k-th-ph; ʔ(-n)-kh-w/-y; b/m-l(-y)-s.    <adv>    up, -wards
k-m-s, k-ʔ-s    <root>    to pile up, heap up [Arab. k-d-s, F. kasa-]
k-n-l; ʔ-k.-n; ?y-t.-g    <root>    to bind, tie
kan-ar, -ir, -ur    <n>    hill, slope vs. marking (writing?)
k.iphim/n- / h-p.-n / y-k.-n    <v root>    to observe, pay attention to (cp. k.-ph-s. / q/ʔ-p(h)-s/s. = mind, thought)
kiffw:b/d, kaffw:b/d    <n>    lid, cover
k.unz.uun-    <n>    power-source
k.-r-b vs. ʔ-d-kh; m-k.-r; y-k.-dh; b-t./kh-l; k-y-k.    <v root>    to vanish, disappear
k-s./sh-n    <v root>    to burn ('Qal' = intransitive)
(V-)k-t-s; (V-)t-l-k/s/sh    <n root>    bone
ki/kwnåth; têz-wn-    <n>    (court)yard
lad-ag; b-:-k.; b/k-r-th; :/C-tlh-k/g; k-sh-d(h)/n    <v root>    to eat, consume [chew = r/dh./ʔ-q-m ]
la(a)ras., la(a)r-ash. -uth    <n>    air; outdoors region
laq-an- / liq-in-    <root>    to endure, persist, etc.
lat(t)ār-, litti(i)r-    <n>    door
lawnat- / lawz.at(h)-; ʔ/tub-ug-; g-n-s-    <v>    to believe
lazat., lazt.-    <n>    place
l-k.-d- / r-k.-d-; ʔ-k.-th-    <v root>    to mend, fix, repair, make well
l-k.-n/m-    <v root>    to reward
l-n-t.-; th-k/z.-n-    <v root>    to call, name
lus/sh-ud-; z-n-g(-b); uzgûb(a); duz-ul    <root/n>    dark, darkness
lhadh-ak.    <v root>    be or become wet
lhakh-ad-    <v>    to squeeze
lhan-as./ak.; b-lh-r/t.    <v root>    to kill, slay (> killer, etc.)
lh-q-s.-    <n root>    sword
lhwt.-Vr- [t. / k.]    <n>    tooth
m-ʔ-g/p(h); j-n-t; C-n-s.; ʔ-n-j-k(h)    <root>    float; island
mad-ak(h); khaw-at(h)    <root>    wax; candle
ma(ga)lh-, ma(ga)tlh-; p-n-z./d.- (*Pa.); udhum-/dh-:-m-; y-b-t./th-; b-n-g/q-; r-d-q-; p-:-g/th-    <v root>    to carry, be able to support; ?to last (of time)
m-g-ph    <v root>    to hold, keep in hand
makr-/makar(t-); b-n-k/g    <n>    rope
m-k.-d- / m-k.-ph-    <v root>    to control, dominate
maph-ad-, miph-id-    <v root>    to be visible > show
mâ-p(h)ik / -bak(k-)    <n>    leaf
mash-ak/ag- [sh vs. th]    <v root>    appear, seem
mâwakh; at.t.īs- [t. / k.]; gômik(h), gôtVkh, tôkhVm    <adj>    long, trailing (qq. tall?)
may-as- ~ tlhaw(w)ag-    <v root>    to know, be aware of
m-k-b, -th/lh    <root>    form, shape; take shape
mik(-ith)    <v root>    to rest / to lie (be located) [= p-, th-awwan-]
mikk-åph, -Vth    <n>    plant, growing thing
mVgumma    <adv/inf/pp (obl)>    having arrived (come through) [cp. migam end-point]
mila(a)b, milub, mira(n)g-    <n>    foot, leg
m-l-g / h-n-g    <v root>    to keep, hold
m-n-g    <v root>    to listen (to)
m-n/k.-z / ʔ/y-k.-n    <v>    to support, hold up or in place
mirkås / mir-s/th-åk.    <n>    instruction(s), how-to
m-z-b; th-d-kh    <v root>    to spread
mu(u)p(h)-ag, -ak; rath(th)V-d/-n(g)-; d/j-(n)g-r ~ d-r(-z)-b; kh-ph-g; m-z-b/ph    <n>    ship, boat, vessel
mVrass-V [/šš]    <n>    hair (all hairs on head)
m-s-kh/k.; tlh-k.(-y)-ph    <n root>    lower-body clothing, i.e. "trousers"
m-z-d; th-d-b/p(h); d-j-s; f-d/th-k; uphnut(h)    <n root>    light, brightness
na-, nu-ʔyas.; (mi+)r-th-n; d/tazar, d/tuzub, ph-d(h)-b; h/k/p-n-tlh; ywzn    <n>    forest
nåk-ib, -åb, nåtwb; yakath    <n>    house, building
nim-ik- / nam-ak-    <num root>    eight
nûmak(k-)    <n>    tower, spire [vs. (?-L) numikh pool, vat]
(n)asab; t(a)u'a(a)C    <n>    sound, voice
n-s-l- / y-n-s-l-    <v root>    to remove
nuz-ur-; m-p.-d-    <v root>    to be warm; (intens.) shunzar- to burn (intr? tr?)
p-:-t./th-; g-z-l-; m/n-k.-b; y-th-g    <v root>    to hear
p/fan-ath-; m-q-d-    <v root>    to sleep, slumber; (der. stem) to fall asleep
panlakh- / punlukh-; taz-ad/an-    <root>    to capture; to imprison, incarcerate
p-d-m; khatVb, khathub    <prep>    upon, on
p-g-t    <conj>    due to, because of
pVd(d)-ak. / k(h)on-at(h), -aph / z.wyakh / q/ʔ-i/ukkas.- [< -nk- ?]    <n>    tooth
p-q-s./t.    <v root>    hit, collide with, smash into
p-m/t.-k; p-y-t.    <v root>    to reach, arrive at
pi/pūd.ath, fitlhVVb-; pVndu(u)th, pônakh/th; (b/d.)uk.(u)n; zVthâb; urta(a)kh/rhawsVkh ['rho'?]; yuk(h)al    <n>    shore, beach [cp. p-d-s. = :-k.-n abide, stay, remain, wait]
pinak, minak, khu(u)nak; j/z-d-l    <n>    year; p-n-kh/d/m may also mean "calm, peace, pacify"
pin-ith-    <v root>    to share, distribute, give out; to divide
p/t.ôrVsh; y-šš/th-g; ʔ-ph-k(-d, -s, -th)    <n>    rustle; murmur (of waves)
p(-:)-l-s.-    <n root>    cover, lid, roofing [> puntlw, punkló]
p-t.-l    <v root>    to take (to possess)
pun-um-    <n root>    breaker; shore; sea
raC-an-, ruC-un-    <v root>    to get about, move
rab-ak. ~ rad-ak(h)    <adj root>    whole, entire
r-d-s; y-ph/t-t/s-g    <n root>    nation
rag-ab-; rath-an-    <v root>    to follow
rak.-an-/rik.-in-/ruk.-un-    <n root>    head; tip
rak-as.- / ruk-us.-; k-th-d-; t-s.-l-    <n>    corridor, passageway
ram-; zawakh-    <v>    to be concluded, end [vs. r-m-k(-w) lap, bosom]
ran-ab-; r-q-n-; l-t.-q-; q-th/p-j / q-ʔ-sh(-n)    <v stem>    to indicate, mark, point to
ran-ak.- ~ zan-ak.-, z-k./kh-n-; p/ʔu-g/kh-uth-    <root>    (be) warm; warmth; to warm
ran-ath-    <v stem>    to continue, go on, persist
raphan-    <n/v root>    part, piece; to belong
ridal, rudul/rôdal; a(a)phag    <n>    place, locale (> *rêda(l) / trod-a, -u / ti-rdi(l) ? )
r-n-k / r-k-d. ; t/th-l-d.    <v root>    to ask (both meanings possible?)
r-t.-ph; k-sh-r    <v root>    to turn or flip (sth); to translate
r-sh-g, -l, -n    <v root>    to carve vs. to believe; (-n) to derive, form grammatically [= thabbVz-]
r-th-m; pathil; m-n/g-b    <prep>    without, sans
raw-ab, rub-ush, -uth    <v root>    to please; to be content
rup-, ruph-; rat.-an-/rut.un-    <v>    to bring, carry [> p(u)+rVm(b)-]
sab-ad, -ak; nâyak/nitVk-    <n>    path, way [s./si(w)wak / kinam / th/p(h)-l-n / m-b-g/k = "around"]
sag(-ab)- / dak.-ab-; ʔ/g-j-n-    <v root>    to hide, conceal
sah-an-, -ag-    <adj root>    round, circular
sâw(a)b    <n>    surfice, superficiality
s-g(-C)-; t-sh-g/l-; y-n/th-l-    <v root>    to hide, conceal
sâk-ub, -ab [s/s./th]    <adj/n>    dark; darkness
sanam-, sunam- [s vs. th]    <n>    forest
sûk(h)-am, -al, saCCûi, ushyô, suβuth; êk-am, -im    <n>    mouth
sut.-ul    <v root>    to make longer, extend
shad-akh- / shid-ikh-/ shud-ukh- [d / n] vs. ph/z/y/natlh-akh-    <root>    be/become/be made long or tall
shV-, shu-ʔʔāg    <adv>    yet, still, (once) more
s.ab-ak.-    <v root>    to depict, draw, make an image of
s.awab    <n>    leafage, leaf (poet.)
s.a(a)kh-, a-/i-.sakh    <n>    forest
s.an-us(s-), -ūs    <n/root>    unit of measurement [vs. s.anat hour, moment, time = bîrag/kh; khunVt(h)]
s.-d-ph; m-k.-d    <v root>    pull, lure
s.-g-th; s.-n-kh/ph; uthjVg/k    <v root>    to pass through, pierce; make it through; prep. through, via
s.ub-ul    <v root>    to (be) flood(ed), inundate(d) [= ta(a)-rus(s)ul-]
s./j-d-l    <num root>    nine
tab(-al)    <v root>    to stir, move about, imply life
tahar-    <v root>    to fall; to end up
t-b-s/-sh; n-t.-s    <v root>    to shine
tan-am-    <v root>    to move (forward), advance
taphas.-, tuphus.-    <v>    to spread, unfurl
taram-, d.aram-    <v root>    to value, think highly of, appreciate
tô-d/z.-akh    <n>    ice, frozenness
taw-am-; tan-ag-, taph-ag-    <v root>    to envelop, enclose, contain
tilVkh; mansûb/d    <adv>    alone, only
tinla(a)l    <n or vn/?aor>    gossip(ing)
tiō/ūzak [t/k]    <n (with suff?)>    day [= y(w)-s-r / y-th-l] vs. on/during day
t-l-th    <n root>    distance, journey
tonz-ī, -âuC, k(h)unzī    <n>    meaning, purpose
tundôrak(h); k(h)u-dan-ki,u; (g)uttâ(rV)k-; zumug/b-; zankit(h); zīgôn-    <n>    pier, dock, wharf
tunub-, *?tunawb-; manat/munut; migim-    <n>    air (of breath)
[ tuphad    <n>    back(side) ]
thâ(C)i    <adj>    long
thabûn-, zabûn-a/u    <n>    ocean
thak-al/C-; yun-uz-    <v root>    to cross, go over, to exceed
tham-ab-    <v>    to build, construct; to achieve
tharaz-, thakhaz-    <v>    to awake
th/sun-ukh-    <root>    number; ?to count
thur-akh, -ag    <n>    smell, odour
th-y(y)-n; k-n-d-; j/z-g-l-    <v root>    to 'convey', transport, take (carry)
ubk-(a)ud, -od    <n>    step
:-b-n ~ iph-in-    <v root>    to mind, worry; see to, take care of
udal(l-); th-n-kh    <n>    sky
ugus(su), ugut(h); nakhab/ph; janag; yat(h)ag    <n>    gold [yat(h)ag- > (V)tacc-, ad(an)gi-, attang]
uk(h)-, uk.-ub/ud-    <v>    to act, function, work
uk.-ur-    <n>    skull; mystery (the latter meaning = :-K.-D./Z.-)
uluzzu; namazzu    <n>    grace, favour
um-uk.-    <n / v root>    to be solid or (of) glass (= d/h-k./z-n)
unk-Vb, -Vd, -Vth; s/sh/za(a)duk-    <n>    hand, fist
unz.u, unz.ân-    <n>    center, 'heart' (vs. (C)unz-il, -ud ?adj. level, even)
uphud-; (C)it-im-    <v root>    to carry, etc.
urs.-u(u)kh, -ôkh    <n>    look, gaze; eyes
usub, asab    <n>    hut, house (collective?)
us.-uph/ukh-    <n root>    morning ~ light
ûs-ak, -uk    <n>    rock-face
uthôk(h), utakh    <n>    hand, arm
(C)uz-ub-, :/C-z-b-    <v root>    to be near; approach
was/s.-ag/k(h); w/y/ʔakh/ph-ath; h-s.-ph-    <n root>    wing; beat of wings
wathab-/withib-; ʔ-k.-l/p.-; tlh-b/(p)p.-m,w; ʔ-p/ff-ph    <v/adj/n root>    to be white; pale, white; moon(light)
y-ʔ-tlh- / zat.atlh-    <n/v root>    peel, skin; to peel
yaʔVt, yuʔat    <adv>    until
yå-rsay, -rsāyVV    <adv>    ahead, in the front, before (spatially)
y-b/th-r; ʔ-n-k-d; ʔ-k./p.-y-d    <v/adj root>    to add; extra-
yaD-ar-; ruph-un-    <v root>    to create, bring about
yêk.im; mVgsakh; (kh)atlhVth- / aphutlhath-    <n>    page
yak./t.-an / janag/t-    <v root>    to remain, stay vs. to protrude, extend
yak.-at.-; d/th/t.-ʔʔ-d(h)/t.-; (t)h-r-k.-; k-t.-r-    <v>    to attach, fasten; y-k.-t.- = ʔ-k.-t.- can also mean "to heal"
yamyak(h), ta/tumyak(h)    <n>    phrase, sentence
yanar-; yukhud-    <v root>    see (= ʔ-k.-t.-) vs. show, reveal [> 'Derived stem'?]
yôthî, yâkî    <n>    = the Moon
y-p-k(h)    <v root>    to consider, deem ?= hold
yak.-ad    <v root>    to hang (intr), depend
yar-aph/th- / yag-ad-    <v root>    to eat or consume
(ya)råt.-, ûråt.-    <v>    to see, view
(y/ʔ-)r-t.-n; k-th-b/p(h); y-k.-b/th    <n root>    tree
y/C-ar-aj-/-az-; mak-ab/-ath-    <v root>    get going, take off, leave
yas.-aph; yan-ak    <v root>    to rest
yat.-an/g- / ʔut.-un/g- / tlh-sh-g- / ʔ(-d)-sh-g- / t-n-s/sh-    <root>    half; to be a half > to halve [= n-l-t. ; s.-l-k.]
yazô, ku(u)yazô, -û; tVndāl-    <adv>    first, prior, before
(y)uz-, y/khus-um/ul-    <v root>    to move [vs. m-k.-t.-; yuzun-; kash-an/ath-, zakhath-; za:ab/g-; kuʔ/y-us.-; y/ʔus.-ut.- to close, shut]
za(C')b-, zuC'b-    <v root>    to ask questions
z-d-l, ph-d-l    <v root>    to immerse (Sem. 9-m(m)-d)
zagar-, d-g-r-    <v root>    to emit light, illuminate
zâk(h)ith ~ zâthwg; i(w)m-ad, -al    <prep/ppos>    over, across, upon (ʕal)
tlhwkh / zâlVkh / zaphuk(h)    <prep>    across, (moving) over
zanV-, zikin/zôkhVn, zV(V)nal, zunul    <n>    number, amount [= n-, t-êkVth; ut.ub]
z-r-k-; ʔ-th-b    <v root>    to preserve, store, keep [vs. zarîk/g = across or toward(s) = zarg(i-)]
zar-t(h)-; kun-r-    <n root>    north
zāwakh ~ dayy-a(a)kh, -ōkh    <n>    forest
z-l-kh etc.    <v root>    to seem, look like, show itself (to be)
zalu(u)r, zillå:r, zulaira [< ZA'AL?]    <n>    garden
zaphiq, zophaq    <n>    staff, rod
zimåk/g-    <n>    west
zun-ub-    <v root>    to touch
zunaig/k/r [z/j, n/b]    <n>    arm
zunukh; pâthag    <n>    attention (z-n-kh to guard or stare at)
z.-k.-n-; m-n-ph-    <adj root>    (be) warm, hot
z.um-ur-, gum-ur-    <adj/n stem>    dark, dusky







—— : ——



::  On Exile–Roads May Errants Meet  ::


above, over   — (prep) —   gildr-wm, -wn
Action (Single)   — (suff) —   -imya(n)/-a,umba(C) [cp. Liv. jel-āmi, Pr-C. -amus]; -Vnsha(C)/-adda(C) [Fi, Pr-C. -to(n)]; -âlunk
Active Participle   — (suff) —   -ôri(l,n) / -att-(u/-up) / -(ud)dap/r; -zêba / -(û)dag/-ungo/-un(nu)ki / -a/ilyup, -Vlpan / -un(C)âya / -ungzad/r / -wdjjar
against, versus, anti-   — (prep, pref) —   pild(a-) / pilw-d, -th
alley(way)   — (n) —   trum(m)-V(n)k, -Vg
along, trailing   — (prep) —   yar / yu(o)r; (u)blanya / uklunya; mi(n)gil
along: join along (vs. syn. of 'come')   — (v) —   brêk-
among / in the centre of   — (prep) —   (C)ugnir
any   — (adj) —   hrau; gîz-
appearance, looks ("encounterness"?)   — (n) —   tirrwp / tirundad; blungvo (pl tant)
[atop   — (adv/prep) —   róm-ob, -ib]
attach, fasten   — (v) —   chann(i)-
Augmentative  — (n suff) —  -a/u-djk/tul / -i-knumb-
back(side)  — (n) —  namb(a)k-i, -a; ikke/a(n)
bath  — (n) —  ussat/th; nuonc; hmaur
beach  — (n) —  fâ(sha)th- / uppot/th
become  — (v) —  k/nampar- (#k/n-n-p-r); lamag-/lumug-; kas(a)n-/kes(e)n-/kisn- (#k-th-n pro ?k-t.-n)
begin  — (v) —  it(V)n- / rut(u)l,n-
belong  — (v) —  thir- / thå/wn(i)r-
boil vs. run over [IEur. kwep-/kūp-]  — (v) —  h(u)rå-/hr(i)o-ttumb(l)-
bottom, base  — (n) —  unkit / unkot/th
branch of tree  — (n) —  daup(a,u); ma(ng)rup
bread  — (n) —  kunwrd- ~ kunank-
breathe  — (v) —  ampod(d)- / ankhod(d)/th-; futh-a/u-lk-, -(n)dy-
bridge  — (n) —  attu(u)r/dV(k); chånkVrto/u
bucket  — (n) —  (h)lippa(n)d- / lutnwng- / huttwng- / ut(t)a(a)nag
bury, conceal  — (v) —  i(o)kk- / a(h)wkk-
but  — (conj) —  gol/nz-i, -a; kn/pnung
by, near, upon  — (prep) —  atrå(n)d; (b,f)lendim
bypass  — (v) —  lalt-; y/tam/nshag-; bridisht-; ukkund-; punagl-
change, alter  — (v) —  kral(d)-; t/thur(u)g-
chilly  — (adj) —  uffôshi(r)
climb  — (v) —  chwn(u)g- / jwn(u)g-; knampwdr-ång-
cloud  — (n) —  torong / morong; hodjjl / hossil
colour  — (n) —  unkuop/b-; (d)ronam
come  — (v) —  djind-; nVmb- / thimb-; osh(V)b-; untr-
common  — (adj) —  phun(da)th-; yussang-i, -al; mel(û)bal; afk-i, -Vnt
Comparative Adjective  — (suff) —  -(y)unka-l,r / -ib/knar / -V(n)gir-sa / -îthalb
consume; devour — (v) — gam(a)r- / (ra,r)uktarb-
corner, nook  — (n) —  hnalwnk
count, reckon  — (v) —  fenVk+C-; lê(h)rott-; t/hyalkidd(i)-
country (under a lord)  — (n) —  dórap / derb-
cover  — (n) —  runt-a(a)li, -å(n)gi; (lid) (gV)missak-
create  — (v) —  (hr)op(pV)l- / (hn)op(pV)ni- / k/har(V)p-
day  — (n) —  guhung(i); g/thalsi(p); (pw)yonka; nwk(k)ong / thôgon
descend  — (v) —  k/pangi(a)lg-; thwkkild-; k/tuhham(y)-
develop, advance — (v ?intr) — nun(d)r-; ranag/d/th-
device  — (n) —  twandra, twondra [nd / nk]; (di)yorragit/th-
dig  — (v) —  neng- / nwnk(å)r-
domain, area, realm  — (n) —  mwssak; ranap/b-; g/tolda- / g/tuolat/d-
door; hinge  — (n) —  h(n)iumgar
drink  — (v) —  gut(u)l- / uthlud- / ud/utnug-
eager, willing  — (adj) —  drôbi
empty  — (adj) —  h/kush-al, -ar, kus/sht-ilk, -al; thuganya
-er (Nomen Agentis)  — (suff) —  -aura / -auru / -(m)big; -ahhi
escape, flee — (v) — (h)lant/nd-; l-/(t)n-umpoth-
Essive/Adessive-Translative  — (suff) —  -ûg/nil / -(C)undau / -(C)ånkaph / -(u)štu(m/n)
fall — (v) — pun(g)dwst-; wn(g)z-
fare forth; (by ext.) sail  — (v) —  em(b)z- / ib(V)z-
farewell — (n) — bûmar
feast, party — (n) — guna(n)t ~ ginath / pon(g)ilt/tha, pun(d)rust-
feel — (v) — u-g/kund- / athand-
few, rare — (adj) — k/sart(a) / k/se(a)rit / k/sairit
field — (n) — danda; mVmb(wk)ri
fill — (v) — uss- / utt(Vmb)-; krath-/kruoth-; k/punki(n)d-; n(u)ol-t(h)/sh-
final, last — (adj) — k(V)leng-V- / pleng-V-
find — (v) — yaz-; h/kun(V)g-
finger — (n) — hûtap/b- / hunthap/b- [t/d]
firewood — (n) — hl-/dl-andiló; [ready-made] plongu/ó
fish — (n) — (h)dangidwi; athy-wkka, -wnka
fish with a rod, angle — (v) — h/k(i)ånt(l)- / kinankl-; hrupangy(urC)-
fit — (v) — thon(V)k-; krundr/l-; (C)Vnram(b)-; knuth-/krith-
flag — (n) — hluf(ad)yåk
flood, -ing — (n) — rêth- / ranguth-; udwll-; (f)wlguthrVsh; ippand(a,u)
Flowers & sim. — (deriv suff) — -i/wcchi / -wnki
follow; go along with — (v) — chwn(C)-; dank/khut(C)-
foot, leg — (n) — ak(k)ap/b-
forest — (n) — kåth(th)-un(g)ya, -in(g)ya; h/kust-il, -Vl-; nwrrattung; thun(d)sang; h/kafromb-a(l,r,th) [f/t]; (uth-, ukh-, t-)arnik; (t)ombon
forward, forth — (adv/pref) — k/hewd-, k/hiwth-
four — (num) — (Vd)darm- / tal(a)m- / tal(a)g-
from (Ablative) — (suff) — -u-ldi / -Ca-ldi / -u-rd(a/i) [colloquially -a/ult, -a/urt, possibly] — prep. hyong/nk / tywl pro *(*)thagib/thógwb ?
front: in front of — (prep/ppos) — yå/yust-V-; thâl-V-
fruit — (n) — (th)ungra(w)th
fur, pelt, furry skin  — (v) —  hrokkw/hroggw [skin, cutis = dalat/d- / djanap/b-]
garlic — (n) — (d)ihham(-a, -u); miga/ultak/hh-
gather; amass — (v) — (u)mirkw-
give, grant — (v) — d/tharab-; vang(C)- / seng(C)-
glimpse — (v) — hw(å)rd/g-
go, fare; turn out, happen — (v) — tl/tr/drwng- / hru(g)(ånd)- / knåmb-; [go, walk] thabil-/thubul-
good — (adj) — [swell] (tha)bral; n(u)ong-; [morally] panath- / panith-
grove — (n) — ch/til(thV)dar
growth; plant — (n) — baki/um(b)-V / bwkahhVm-
guily — (adj) — nô/nuopa(-?)
half — (n/adv) — th/rul(u)k / g/ratha(n)gl-
hall  — (n) —  g/karkint, g/karkwnt; nartal(-d, -k)
harbour, haven — (n) — bund(â)-bi/-gu; op(p)åt/d-
head — (n) — anup/t; taluk/tanik (talug-/tanag-)
health- — (stem) — dlend(ri)- / do(l)lwnt-
hear — (v) — (b,ub)lan-; (an,un)chak-; uduth(C)-, uluth(C)-
history, background; content — (n) — (g)ippw:d- / (g)uppād(u)
house, building — (n) — h/tîrwng/nk-; kumbol; hnabbur(n-, -ath); [psb. = family] ming-Vp, -Vd
ice; frost — (n) — th/sha-/hya-nurruk; uppukh-
immediately — (adv) — ya(a)v-ad, -ot / yokad; bimba(k)
inside, within — (prep) — kentw(n-) / kempw(n-); hn/tlu(u)mib
Instrumental (Case) — (suff) — -(V)kka-d (-th) / -V(n,s)tya, -îfVsh/sC / -(h)ådjj-a/i(g) / -hn/tn/(ru)z-ung
interval, space — (n) — (kn-, tn-)arihhi; guonk; (d-, th-)okkap
iron — (n) — yas(s)ik; fn/hnagon
journey — (n) — prut/th-o(l) vs. -Vsh / -åst(-a,u) [if an item of this l. and not next (OIr.t.) = #1]
jump, leap — (v) — tuppung(C)-
keep, store — (v) — (Cu)kul-; (ch)imbr-; djugun(t)-
key — (n) — k/pVzVdluhhó
king — (n) — eggwt/d- / (h,hn)engyôda
knock — (v) — dåkl(i)-
know, be aware of — (v) — (n/gw)blw(o)nd-; t(h)wl-b(i)edj-; gem(b)n- ~ pem(b)(n)-; pûr-
land, descend — (v) — mungl(i)- / munkl(i)-; t/dangri-; gi/gum(b)Vst-
last, go on, endure — (v) — (u)othn-
Lative ('to, into') — (suff) — -âgir, -(h,v)ang(ra), -vang, -phå(nk) / -(l)wmb(i), -ich(ch)wb [pl. -unwong / -âbon]
lid, cover — (n) — (d)ugnor-; bal(i)th-(g)åssi, -(k)igna
light, brightness — (n) — ossip/f
like, as — (prep) — omb(wn) / kamb-wl, -i(å)k, -ir
like, be fond of — (v) — hring(z)-; eph(V)n-
line, dash; border(line) — (n) — (wån-, b-)rug-an, -al; (h)yôrut
listen (to) — (v tr) — ywng- / yu(o)nkw-
live, be alive or dwell — (v) — gw(n)tr-
Locative — (suff) — -måk (-arb, -(va)ndli) / -råk
long, tall — (adj) — yanat(t-)/yanath-; (d,t)ur(a)m(g)-i / ur(u)m-; guost(V)/gwseu
look, behold, see — (v) — knim(b)-; akan-/ithin-; d/ywnwg-
lord — (n) — chandwn- / chaddwn-
magpie — (n) — so(ld)rakk-a, -i-
make, fashion — (v) — al(un)d-/uld-
many, several — (adj) — djat-/kVth-nimbal; k/tussild-
'Masculine' nouns — (suff) — -u [to f. -un(gi), -unni], -a, -Vp, -Vk
mean, indicate — (v) — rûs/z/th-
meet (with), encounter — (v) — pram-
-ment (Product, not Action) — (suff) — -ê/ônuk / -awdak / -an(d)uk
might, power — (n) — mung-îra(m), -(an/in)dul/r, -åmbri [#2 partially affected by Celtic *-enā]
milk — (n) — (d,g,dj)utnuk
month   — (n) —   patan ~ pa(w)gon
mountain — (n) — tVgambor / (ma)shumbar; hultinda
mountainside — (n) — akhap ~ akkop; wlthak; bawmungi/u
much, a lot — (adv) — pê/pótul(-li, -za(C), -yag/t)
must — (v) — d/taphan- / udul- / u(n)th(ul)-; yuruk- / (a)djar- / (V)djuor-
name — (n) — yalap/b- / gilVp/b-; yót(t)a(n)g
near- — (elem) — zawg- / zuo(g)- / zwnki-
-ness — (suff) — -undak/t/š / -ugîn / -uhhin / -ambgi / -immap/b-; -ri / -(V)dråk/g-; -i/untwa, -a/indul
noise — (n) — hron-/jan(g)-/pån(g)-kumb-ush
north — (n) — (s,th)uhhår
now — (adv) — attawk-i/w(-C) [cp. Skr, Hbr]
on, atop — (prep) — mis/šk
out (forth), into outside — (pref, adv) — akhir; šan-kwd, -umb, -vong
own, possess — (v) — ki/kumunk-
'park' (eq. concept) — (n) — hunhadda/hunhatta
passageway, opening — (n) — k/nundra; h/ka(a)dik
Passive Participle — (suff) — -ubb-a/-Vn/-ambki; -ûgan / -i/ukwi(l); -Vstak/g-
Past Tense (Regular) — (suff) — -ambV- ~ -auzV- / -(i,å)kta / -(uo)kV- / -(V)kkV/-(V)ngV / -add-il, -ål, -aiduk [pf?]
Past Tense (Reduplicated) — (example) — nûnam/nim ("(s)he began, has begun" vs. "became, turned into")
pay — (v) — h/klumb-
peace — (n) — h(aw)nam(b)-; (y)ênal
peak, top — (n) — gandjum / gattum(b-) (< -th(th)- / -Cth-)
pick up — (v) — (hun)yut(t)-; halfank- / kVd-ma(w)nk-; tharbil-k/sh-; (g)u/(g)ans(u)og-b/l-; [= find] (ch,k,t)umpird- / noch(Vrd)-; umikn- / k/tinakn-
piece, part — (n) — (g)ótar / giutar
place, location — (n) — (th)wn(d)yak / yak(k)-in-, -ith-; hlu(u)na/i; ba(a)v/yak; (b/f/t)rak-um(b)-; nå/nwthra
Plural, Nominative — (suff) — -umbå / -ångwi / -Vtta(n,ph), -ihta(n), -Vnwa(t/th) [also cp. Pr-C. -owes, -nwā] / -al-, -il-, -ul-βå(r), -bi(r)
poor — (adj) — uf(wn)tal
power (command, influence) — (n) — zunas/z-; yûtok; gelwnthV-; lûnath
Present Continuous — (suff) — [between verb and pn, vs. after pn as a postposition] -îbok / -umbå(k) / -assV (-aththV)
Prolative: via — (suff/prep) — umbor / (hn)åmbr(i,V) / twm(b)ud
Pronominal Subject — (v pres suff) — [sg. 1-3] -(ansh)aph [-(and)iph], -(ansh)ar [-(and)ir], -(ansh)a(n) [-(and)i,uk]; [pl. 1-3] -wlb(-) [-umphi(-)], -wrn(-) [-ul/un-zhi(-), -ezzi], -wdda(l)/-wdla/-wdna [-ulki(-)] (alternative paradigm: -îdur, -îdwš, -îd-w(k)/-in; -ínaph, -ínadj/-intwng*, -ilga) || * 2 fpl. or reverential
Pronouns, Personal Indep. — (pn) — [sg.] hron(s)-; tan(s)-; g/kun(s)-; [pl.] phal(on); djal(on) [udji]; (g/y)athon [(y)arthi]
pull, draw — (v) — yVdr- / gVdr- [d vs. t]; mahen(y)- / mihan(n)-
put — (v) — C/gungodjC-; kusaty-
quiet, silent — (adj) — te(lV)ng / t/kovong-; h/kód-ak, -uk; i/ok-ith, -a(n)t ~ uhhwnt
rain, -ing — (n) — ussu-/utthu-m(b)wn(nV)
raise — (v) — grath- / gras(V)t- / og(i)r-
reach — (v) — unkl/r-; måkki/und-; tån(d)wk-
rear, back — (n) — dungask- / dunná(r)zak/g-
read — (v tr) — angpith- / awgith-
red — (adj) — drunni(p); (h)isgar / thV(n)gral
region — (v) — ûpak/g-; p/trallwk
remain, stay — (v) — kland(r)-; ud(dV)m/k/r-
rest — (v) — gVs(V)m(b)-
revere, honor, etc. — (v) — gimilg/k-
ride (a horse) — (v) — get(V)r-
right, correct — (adj) — brâl- / ubrol
ring, circle  ~ {n} ~  (sVn)ankip
rinse or fish (tr) — (v) — muhhul(th,d)-
rise, ascend — (v) — ikhl- / it(tV)l-
road — (n) — yulka-
room — (n) — m/kwand-(a)li, -utti/a
root — (n) — k/gassalg-; hrafant-ur, -rw
rope — (n) — uttåryuk/g-; minaith- / minnwmb- / un(d)sath-
route — (n) — minkul-
row, line — (n) — brang(i,w)-a/-u; tillwk; zêna-k, -p
sage, witter — (n) — gwånd-/(g)uond-aura, -âr-i, -ya(l,n)
see, view — (v) — djVdVr-; ging(C)-/ginVg-; d(o)rong-/durung-; had(V)b-/yupun-; plun(C)-
send — (v) — bumb-; kwn(V)sh/b-
shell, casing — (n) — iksam(bi), ikswmm-; (gVš)napril
show; look like — (v) — min(C)-; pa/pitramb- / pVt(t)umb-
single, sole — (adj) — bleng- / miup/b- / (a)thap/b-
size   — (n) —   zimb-la/i, -na/i / zumung/nk
sky — (n) — in/unteng(lw,af)
slow — (adj) — kadral- / trul-
small, little — (adj) — gwelg-; (h,r)ubtil-
smell, give an odour — (v) — (twph-/hru(ph)-)phalt-; [also tr?] dont(V)l-
someone — (indef pn) — hnal-si, -ti
son — (n) — dj/thagim, thamip; eppwr-/imbår-/yemmir [Trk!]
south — (n) — nódal / unul; mônuk / mangV(p)/muogi(p)
sow, stich vs. make lace — (v) — i-/hnu-kmoll-
space, room — (n) — êkip/th; lununk ~ lum(b)ak
speak, talk — (v) — um(b)r- / makwar- / mir(ig,im,in,ith)-
speed — (n) — ta(b,mb)-, thång-rulya; koltha
spend — (v) — (C)iark-
spice — (n) — h/frâmup; kr(u)otra/ri [< #H(-r)-ʔ-r-ʔ]
spread — (v) — fn/hnassird/t-; gw/milb-; (C)uol(k)-; yart-
stand (still) — (v) — (l)ak(k)id-; yaram- / yapam-
stray, be lost — (v intr) — pash(a)n-; as/th(a)g/k-; yar(a)t-
strike, beat — (v) — h/kwttakh(C)-
Substance (powder, liquid / solid) — (suff) — -iltra, -altra, -indla / -ikra, -akra
summon, beckon, invite — (v) — plemb- / plonam(b)-
Superlative Adjective — (suff) — -(um,am)bri
swamp, mire — (n) — gundlVsk- / gundlá(r)zak/g-; no(n)dil
table — (n) — da/dunutho(k/g-) / dinthwn-
take = transport   — (v) —   djar-; (th)ammirn- / (g)iorn- / nangy(orn)-
tale, account   — (n) —   ningsup / guo-/dnau-djinda; pû-m-on(du) [cp. Slavic -(a)n-ina (Pol.), -(a)r (SCr.)]
teach   — (v) —   nam(a)g/k-; knal-/hyol-umb-
tell, connote — (v) — djal(a)-s-, -t/th-
that, it   — (pn) —   uok-
thrive, flourish; feel at home   — (v) —   tram(b,k)-; nul(u)t-
through   — (prep) —   yuthwl, yusol; hyok/t(CV-)
topping, paving   — (n) —   ridakh / radikh; mV(V)lazar
touch   — (v) —   ya(n)k- / yakab/d/s-; ushul/th-
trample, tread   — (v) —   grot(V)l-
two — (num) — a(n)kan / iphkan
until   — (conj) —   (d)wókim; lêbal(b)
uphold, maintain   — (v) —   yurt-
upon, over   — (prep) —   djuntar, -or; te(e)nuk
-ure (Lat. -ura)   — (suff) —   -altik / -andik / -andak(i)
veil, shroud, conceal — (v) — (n,th)um(u)p-
visit   — (v) —   rutun-k/r/y/z- / rudun-k/r/y/z-; yundug- / yalag-
wait (for)   — (v) —   zaban(C)- ~ zamag-
water, liquid   — (n) —   yuntul / yuluk/g-
wave   — (n) —   p/chwndra; gand-iga (-dya); nun(gy)ant-; tralgw / tralluc/g-
weather   — (n) —   talda-; tub/munda(n)k
when; if   — (conj) —   di/dónup / pwnup
without — (prep/ppos) — gud-ir / hl/klunt-ir
work, operate   — (v) —   manamb- / mand-
world — (n) — kruoda ~ krôda
worth, value   — (n) —   hn- / hl-ammu(n)k
would (Conditional)   — (suff) —   -wrshå- / -urk(n)a- / -(â)mingå-
wrap, pack   — (v) —   kumb(V)d- / kummVdy-
year   — (n) —   gwansot/d-; wd(daa,dan)nu; (h)yullwt
??   — (??) —   -(al)lip, -istal/ul, -a/i/undur, -yå(å)thin [psb. Adv; the last one being about amount]; -anya / -unya; -biz-/-bay(i)z-; -eu/iuBa; kemma; -ûmar / -(u)mâr; (nom.) -up [psb. = Fi. -(t)ti]; -umban / -(a)mbin



-ab, -åp(p-); -(å,u)kka    <suff>    ADJECTIVAL or ESSIVE (= -kwb/-kô/-quin, -nda(r)/-ndi(r) ) suffix
(h)Vd-, (s)an-, V(t)-riohh-; hrV:buhh-    <v>    to breathe
-(â)da/-(d)an; -(z)ī/-(i,w)ns/-ish-; -W:L/-k,m,thål; -(l)ba/-bu/-(I)(M)B; -(K)IM/-(R)IM/-u(m)b, -(n)nå-k/-NTI(C) -(U)NNI, -(T)NI(C); -(mb)wr [OSax. (farū-t)-ar, Skr. (prā-t)-ar]    <suff>    ADVERB suffix
a(hi)ska-; kûthwk; tuld-(i/u/a)-    <adv>    a little, a bit
-(å)ik (~ -yw-), -s/-shV(m)/-(s)si(m)/-(a)ut [after -/sV/ : -ws, -ich, -phV], -ch(i) (-achi)    <suff>    DATIVE ~ ADESSIVE [rya(a)-, rô-nåk]
-åkk-, -wkk-    <v suff>    a possible suffix for turning Transitive Verb stems into REFLEXIVE verbs
akk-a/u-n(t)i, att-wndi, (C)ákh-; pa(a)d-uk, -ot    <n>    box, chest
-a/ik(kV), -a(w)kwa, -uok(i); -a/inwV; -shan / -(z)ud-; -ūg-/-ng-, -(kh)då/dî, -m(b)a/w    <suff>    PAST TENSE [Perfect Tense -ivunda/V : 11/2018]
-al ~ -u(o)l(a), -(a)ld(u); -k; -nt(a), -ånnV, -(s)si(p) / -a/e/ubith(a/i) ['-ly, -like' : b/f/s], -V(V)n(a) [C -ina, OSax. -l-īn], -i(nt); -isc, -ó- (-ålb); -(u)ngV    <suff>    ADJECTIVAL [qq. -li/-ni/-C>Ci "with-X, (s&s)..ed"]
al(Vd)n-ak, -wk; f/p/kunkhår; g/(h)n-issim, -utsim(b); emm-Vr, -ir    <adv, prep>    after, behind, trailing [#2: cp. etym. of It. ormare]
alz-, zang-/m(r)ang-alz-    <v>    to loom; to brood
-am, -(i,w)m(m)a ?= -i,wrm    <suff>    NOUN-FORMING SUFFIX? (: Est. ravim drug, medicine)
-ambi(-s, -l) / -u(tt)ang / -w(t)bi(m,n) / -im(b)u(3)ån (F; Gr. trof-imōn); -wdji/-ûzi, -å3ip; -unCar    <suff>    VERBAL NOUN & INFINITIVE
ambika/ambu(u)ka/i-, t(y)~; kith(y)w-l(C), -r    <n>    wave
-åmîn/l/g, -omîn/l/g    <suff>    ("part of sth" vs. diminutive)
Vmkuank(o), umbank(o), buonk-, uombVnk    <n>    butter
amp(-a(g), -u)    <n>    fellow, guy, man
ampåd/th; (aha,hlw)knium(b); mahluk(k-); (du-p-)pārik/kh    <n>    sheath; vulg. for woman?
ampar(i)    <n>    rule or rules (plurale tantum?)
anath(i)-; sagd- ~ sakkad,nt(y),th-; (k)ú(n)zath(i)-; (k,l,z)ushn-    <v>    to fit; make fit
a(n)djuo ~ udj-on, -ino    <n>    kingdom, area of dominion [elsewhere sankhil ]
ank(V)lo ~ hink-(V)lo, -wd    <n>    berry
-ankwV(n) / -(ap)pw:n-V / -âmak(-V) / -atis/-achis / -(V)kadra/-(V)kithra    <adj suff>    ORDINAL NUMBERS
anta(m)pu(i); inksw/a; påB-Vk-, -Vngal; ukh-, uf-alth-il, -ald-la    <n>    lake
ap(p)ank-/(C)ap(p)unk-    <v>    to stand, stay aright
ap(p)uk    <n>    standing or rigid object; tablet; (any equivalent of modern) card with writing
årtyV-p (-b-); mak(k)at; (su)kênV-t, -nk, sagan(t); m/nunkra; ruk(k)-Vnthe, -ônat    <n>    wall (inside a house)
ar(tV)p-; plwmb-; (fVl)udy/uty-; (s/t)ahhi-, yVcVd/th-; mel(C)-/mégil-    <v>    to lift, raise (also 'carry': #2, #4)
attask-, haβthask-    <v intr>    to smell (+like sth); fig. to seem
at(t)ip, okkwp, u(n)tåp    <prep>    against
(-V)thrawk-/(s,y)åthr-; hran(a)d-; miwsc/sg-    <v tr>    to pull, draw
bamar(Ci), banaC, bâCim; zi-; to(o)mwl; zuk(k)a-ndi, -nni    <n>    nature, character [vs. lauk(a), lammVk; pák(w)-o- < labak-, lambak-, labak(k)-]
bå(n)gal, bå(n)gl-V    <n>    danger, risk [for PGerm. fēra, F. vaara]
bênV(n)ks-; mank(h)-/mîk(an,ut)-; sêgwn-; h/kaning-    <v>    to find, uncover, discover
bingiâra (r/dh) / thand-(h)awra, -u(u)bim/agim(C)    <n>    large district
blêvåk, blêma-, bolåm    <adv, prep>    without, except for, not counting
blîm(a,on) / blûna    <n>    authority, permittance
-bo, -BåC; -iš/-wš; -IK/-U(L)K/-(y,ʒ)V(C)k; -da(C), -u/at(tV), -V:ji    <suff>    SINGLE ACTION NOUN [cf. Catalan -V+Stop Cns; -vi; conat; OSax. -Vst, F. tien-esti; (#3, #4) Est. tul-ek, OEngl. -ac]
branath, brozib, brong(V)-za(a)d, -zâni    <n>    'flora'
fr-, dj-an-(g)wi, -(kh)ip, djangV:f(i); h/kazil-; hlu(ku)ntha-; (s)ikwaf / songraf; drwth-k-ib; zalkVng / nål(a)th-ång    <adv>    outside, in(to) open air [= CrâBåt; nîkVn(d), nêzis(h) ]
brêgor, brVg(n)ar    <n>    coin, piece of silver etc.
brêla/lu(n/r); b/wandri; kêtV(n); pi/pwn(d)wng-    <n>    dawn, morning
bremb-, e/i/a    <v>    to walk about, wander (not stray)
br/prwng(dV)l-, k/gVrl-, (chVn/mVn)trVngl-Vmm-, -and(y)-, -ant(y)-    <n>    sound of deep sea; piano-like note(s)
buld-i, -u    <adv>    somewhat or very
bwng-(th,z)aynåt, -(z)wtha(l), -Vthib/n    <n>    shoe (made using tree-bark, i.e. adak ?)
buny-/bunuhh-, bVny- [b-, g-, t-?]    <v>    to be standing, stay upright
b/p/thuol-at, -its-, b/p/thol(V)t    <n>    family, kindred
chal(d,t)-, chwl(d,t)-    <v>    to get going, leave
chámak, chômak    <n>    shoe
chagu(u)r, che(n)går    <adj>    ready
chåbbond-; djing-/djung(Vb)-; (tu)gral(l)-    <v>    to seek, search for [alt. with frequentative extension -Vmph(r)-, -Vntl-, -Vny(u)-]
chån(kå)t(h)-; k/zûralg- / h/zå(t)ragli; u(th)-knårg/k-; e/iskônag/k; kamywp; dVtûra    <n>    winter
chawk/t, chô3ad/ud    <adv>    still, yet, (once) more
chi(i)ba-k(i), chwhots-, chahit(s)-    <n>    leaf
chôn-ab/-ub, cha(m)bal(t)    <n>    slice (of meat, etc.)
chwnd-, cha-k(k)Vnd-; ippw(t)hl-; kadrVkk-    <v>    to walk
chúbwr    <n>    realm, kingdom
dā(Ca,Cu)l-; iulo(n); (y)óvak/(y)omakk-    <n>    size
dai/daw-raph-, d(i)wr-g/dj-, dunt-/dut(t)-årk-; (p,t)rån(a,i)k-    <v>    to tell = narrate
danyåb, danyåk; måsho(n)k(a), mêchåk    <n>    spruce, fir
dat(t)w(t); yór-ak, -uk    <n>    wall
dazVnt, dwzVnt; ka(a)thVk; tômi(k), têgåt; bôr(a); nug-/nukk-wts    <n>    (front-)yard
dlabant, nulbant; gåd(d)uk, guídyV(C); f/panu-th/ts-    <n>    page in a book
dlwdmung-, hlådmung-    <v tr>    to cook (in water), boil
(d)(o)råph; (C)ongVss-; hrār-    <adv>    too, excessively
dV:-, zV:-torg-, -jirg-    <v>    to clean vs. to attach [= ikkånj-, (hut)tånj-]
drVlg-, CV(C)-    <v tr>    to listen to, hearken to
dralt(V-) / draph-al, -wnga/u    <n>    valuable item, (piece of) treasure, precious possession
d(r)-, gr-as(s)ar- (r/d/l)    <adj>    old, worn vs. empty [neutral 'old' = pordål; (C)ûmik; (jV,zw)rangi ]
drîgu, drôgu    <n>    side (area)?
dronz-, tronz- [vs. hr-]    <v>    to play
dross-a, -u (ss/tt)    <n>    sign, mark, indication
drozal, hrozVl; ch/tsundi    <adv, prep>    above, over
drêw-β/n-ak; ph/zêr-ak, -app-; hyón-at, -ut; mikkart    <n>    island
dundå, dun(V)t, dôgunt; (h,th)ipra(i,p); ok(k)al-(C)    <prep>    until, up to, as far as
dVnk-Vmb-    <v>    to watch, monitor, keep looking at
dunt-wr, -ab/-ub    <n>    iron
duost(r)-, t(h)aist(C)-    <v>    to make, fashion or compose
edli, ithVl; farik/fêrik    <n>    prick, small spike, (pine-)needle
êlut ~ kol(l)ud; ke(ndj)un; dju(l)wnd/nt; kar(a)b(aik,uok); ukr-w, -ån(u)    <prep/ppos>    under, beneath
eppVt, oppVt, obing(-a); (s)ênwng-; (hn)amp-a(k), -ik; pêCul, pwngw; ka/kun(d)hor    <n>    road, way, path [= (u)nêgu; tha/thwrûn; si-/(V)gn-att-ak, -ik]
êdar, êtar    <n>    ?? surface? facade?
êmåk, ómVk(k-) (< ônik-?)    <n>    throne
êzang-, (h)e(C)zang-    <v>    to wander, roam, stray
Vzdwl; da(a/C)rint    <adv>    more
fa(t)-, fê-tolg-; mak(k)Vt    <n>    roof
fVlwmb-V; b(u)luht-(r)V/-il(lå); b(u)lwdy-an(t), f(V)lwdy-an(t), -onk/t    <n>    ship, navis [= hVkVlt-, hVt(t)ank]
(f)ammak, (f)um(b)ak(i); om-/fô-ningw; ug(g)wt, uot, yuot    <n>    house [vs. baram- = home ?]
fårauk-, bu(o)rauk-, iôph-ramb-, siCand-    <v>    to be brave, to dare
fêd-u(o)l, -ur / mêduk    <n>    son, boy, youth
(f)eokk-, (f)u(nz)åhk-    <v>    be able to proceed, 'get'
fin-, fun-Vk, -ap, -åsk-/-åch-V    <n>    (thin-layered) shell, husk
fra(a)C-V, frwnnw, frânu(k)    <adj/n>    else, other, strange(r)
fralda, V~    <n>    mountainside
fram(b)a(k)    <n>    ditch, moat
frau-s, -t, -th, frâba; óp-ik, -uk    <n>    son; descendant
fr/prêd(a)- / cnw:d(a)-; giwrg/k-; hVb(bV)z-; t(wnth)alk-    <v>    to cross (= Sem. 9-b-r)
frent-, frVnåt-    <n>    harbourage, haven
frwnzur(th) ~ krassurt(h); magro-p, -th; fr/prágip(h)    <n>    torch
fûgal, fahånc    <adj>    lousy, poor, 'bad'
fung/funuc; brongw; attwng/(g)ottwng    <adj>    large, great
fun(n)-, fun(s,t)åmb-, (Ci,Cu)kum(b)l,n-    <v>    to think
gal(l..), h/kuthil, galví; kin(Vt)t-a/-ó; thâri-ch, -ts-    <n>    branch, twig
gantal- / rantal-    <v>    to appease, pacify; to present oneself amicably
gåsmir/gusmwC; fil(om)bu; (h)wttirmå, at(V)nir, hådoht(Vr); thVvôn(a); d(l)óppåk    <n>    shore, beach
gassi-, gatti(n); hnwt(t)-a, -or    <n>    externality, superficiality
gerd(y)-, gård(y)-, ma/mi..; maz(a)g-    <v>    to bite, chew on; to eat
-(g)i(id)/-udri, -(a)gám/n/b, -kat/-ggw/-gol, -yub(u,a), -m/th(u)o, -ndVp    <suff>    NOMEN AGENTIS / ANIMAL SPECIES
gi-dålk- ~ gu-ndal-b(i), -t, -gi-, -z(V-k); glattwnd-; glV(n)thånya; gundunt(-Vs)    <n>    garden [= g(r)inaph/pp-; dabal-kVn(t), -thon; ogdol- ?]
gilz-an, -wb, (g)wlthån(t); th/chandws-s-i    <adj>    necessary
gim-, gin-tål; gramki; drubaur / dru(a)g-or, -Vm-    <adv>    up ahead, in front; "there" ['in front of' = k/pin(d)wt(h), rû(+suff?)]
-gVn(t)/-yVn(t); -(r)ik(k-)/-(s,th)ak; -(w)wå-/-wVn/-(w)nt; -(p)pw/-(n)dup, -(n)dip    <suff>    INSTRUMENTAL [~ prep. yôb; brål; khVb/kåt(h)(ob)/k(i)ådh; zāni; t(h)ewnc; dobåm/nebåm]
gint-, Vggint-; mel(lag)-; (g)l-/h(y)-ath(a)r-    <v>    to happen, be going on, occur
giss-o, -u [ss vs. šš]    <n>    sand [vs. gV-, gi-ssab = a load]
githwr-un(g)t-îb; hram(b)-za(l)/zolbunkur; frastVng(ya)-zawk/l    <n>    toil, great effort, troubling of oneself (-un(g)t- [?= -unk-] 'middle voice' or reflexive marker)
gius(C)o/a, ga(ti)wb-; (Ca)pluok-; Vmra(na)nk, brank-; fonn-VC/-Vng; h/kVlzu    <conj>    also, furthermore
gíza(b), (n)i(g)nåb; hussund; grum(b)la/li; sVrtha/târwnt(h-); tômuk    <adv>    together
gīzod/g-; kund(ra), kun(d)Vk/t; che/cho:måk/g-; a(th)kVb-; yanzV(l)/yawzí(m,n)    <n>    table (furniture) [= (k)hiwtt-u, -o; hlab-awn, -aic ?]
(g)lamm-i,u, kimbd-a,V, nyå-kam/-t(am), ådyok, kappV(m), (y)uttap, (un)nawp    <pn, adj>    each, every
glêg-Vt, -ws(C), glethVp; zikk-i, -al-, ziss-åC (< *zīg-Vs/Vz)    <n>    tunic
gluth-bV; nuzalk(V)    <n>    winter?
gōn, guon(t-)    <adj>    high, being on high [cp. guont / gawn(s)idj/zz-; pêdjVl- = animal; ?a species]
gōr-, guor-    <n>    wall (inside a house)
gr-, hn-az-ir, -unku(s); mra(k)kwts-; rwg(u)l-    <n>    skull
grwh(h)il, gruhwl(d-) [< *kVn(d)ô-kh-, -j-, *iklú(u)th+'l- if native]    <n>    beginning, start
(g)uonjar; isparthV; mub(b)ankV/u; a/wgd-i/ô-nwr, (h)uth(a)ni/onc, u(u)thåndVs(C); (th)êr-åp, -wp; f/thênab/fa(C)banc ~ Vskênab; (h)Vskit(h)-(V)r-; yV(m)bås'hVp/t    <n>    forest
guemb-V(n), -o; gi/gadots(a); nagås(t) ~ nang-Vch, -Vdj    <prep>    beyond, behind, at the back of [vs. mwn-ag, -ig, if this is not a 1L word]
(g)wzir; (gå)t(s)ônak    <n>    province
hánad; bemmuk/g-; tâkab, t/ga(pha)m    <n>    ground, harder earth [~ mink(a/w)li; m/kun(d)ra; uk(k)Vd/z-; (th)eppak soil]
ha(a)p- ~ kiopp-    <v>    to take and carry, transport [whereas 'carry or wear' = h/num(b)r-; ulg/k-; (e,i,u)stål-]
hárot(t-) [o/i]; pa(a)hin(da)    <n>    shore, beach
harnang; (C)åthrinya    <n>    cliff, precipice
harthwk/g-, karthwk/g-; midlwts-    <n>    pine, pine-tree
hikkwl(i,y)-    <v>    to throw, cast
h(i)rank, hrenk, -Vt; thorot, thûrot    <n>    side, flank
hratt-i/ulap, -Vlbar, -V:nak; upår-kittV/-ki(s)t; yêtwl; húnak/hánuk, hankrod/t; h/gizzank / mizång(V); trakkwrt(a,i)    <n>    (set-up) defense, encampment [#-Vld-, -amb- verb-forming suffixes]
hê/hô-gimb-; kas/kath-l,rwmb-; nam(b)råg(g)-    <v>    com-edere
hil-d/th-år; chadwts-; sak(k)Vts-; mîkVts-; nor(V)n(d)ab; (t)h(V)nangi; (ku)dupp-V-; tån(d)uk(k-); ôthV(n)d ~ kuthandi    <n>    forest
hiwnsa    <n>    belly, stomach; inside, interior
hon(â)t-ar, -ur; kâmur; hramma/ó    <n>    vapour, gas
h(iå)romb-a, -i; (g/d)uokko    <n>    basket
h(w)otton(g); kn/hnamb(k)i; (t)urro-nt, -nk; êgVrt; (hl,hn)itswng; b/minak(kit), monåch, mVndji    <n>    door
hl-, kn-, pn-á(m)Bu-kī, -ttw, Vslō-ga(t), -βot(hV); minask- (+ abstract noun suffix)    <n>    weakness, flaccidity, etc. [OEng. hlēwsa, Finn. löys-]
hlwmma, hlon(y)at; (ku)chûra(n-); naw(an)du, nad(z)yo-hh/(C)k/ng-    <n>    wing, pinion
hlon(t)V-k(k)/g-, hlakkó    <n>    windable time-piece, clock
(h)lwp(p)-awm-, -ûm-i(n), hlup(p)un-t, -k(a,i)    <adj>    white
hlwngri, lyômir    <n>    ship
(k)luntål-; (im)brang-    <v tr>    to pass (move, walk..) by sth, 'overtake'
hna-, dla-nothwp, -kkotha/o; toldnuk-; chammwp(h); nêdw(C)gat; mu(d)zVng-a, -i-; hr/k/dVbnung(i)    <adj>    ladder
hnêgal; (CV-)thåz-nuk, -lVn    <adj>    weak
hn&iring;k(C)- / hnuok- [+ fem. suff. or "masc." as in R-W la mano & sim.]    <n>    woman
hnissu(n), hnåssu(n)    <n>    well, pit
hr-, kr-enda, frenda, f-, th-(a)rwngi    <n>    window(-sill) [= uttush/s, udush-(o-)]; ?passage through, threshold, doorstep
hr-, hl-adit(h)-    <n>    any small slip of parchment or leaf (for or with writing)
(h)ranth-uk, -iska; (Vt)hnu(gå)ryak; hniârup; hnwnk-ut(sa), -Vthrå    <n>    boulder
hråz-; am(r)ank-/um(C)Vnk-; h/k-nVmb-; (CV)drely-    <v>    to lead
hrók-i, -u; k/(k)hund(i)lo; (C)i,ul(d)åp-, ka/kudalb-; tawrind-; prón-u(m), -ak    <n>    mountain
hrug-wnd, -Vnt, t(h)r..    <n>    synonym for head; qq. = 'weather'? (= t.alquud- > tilgud/t = theola/lu, faldw [< *pVdall-, pā-lud.l-au ?])
hwd(d)unc ~ t(h)w(r)dunc; hat(t)ip    <n>    power, power-charge [vs. "strength" or authority = k/mundri; brall-u, -o]
h/kuld-wr, -ri, -wnk; mâbwk(k-); (CV)pultha/e; (tnum)blik(w)ossa    <n>    synonyms for the sea
hunzur; pám(b)ik; lutal(C-)    <n>    age
(h)uran(C-) [< *-u(u)-rVn/-rōn-]; djår(it), djiur-    <n>    calling, name [preld/C-, priå/uld- to call]
huzzul(C)-, huth-k,n-; Vhham(b)-, ahm-    <v>    to suck, draw, pull in
h/kVst-ar ~ (la)kast-wr    <n>    help, assistance
-î(-); -thVr(C)u/-TUR-; -i/ongur/-uor(at); -(Vmb,Vnd)ra(p)/-ri(p)/-ot; -(k,n)imbu-, -(k,n)umb- (-buk/-(û)ban) [SCr. -ota; Fri. gris-um (-b-ui), Hbr. -ym, Skr. -iman]    <suff>    ABSTRACT NOUN [cp. Skr. *bhāsvar "brilliance"]; qq. -(C)Vlba/u / -(CV)qua(n) / -n/s/yawka / -Vrrak, -mak ['-ness, being X-y']
ib-yo(ntu)l-, ib-yodd(Vb-), ib-(wn)tan-    <v>    to wake up
ičči-, iččawC-; kī-old-    <v>    to shine
-ida, -(z)w:d(a), -w:ti-; -(i-)m(b)å; -dawr/-dur, -ra/-(l)î-/-(r)î- [OSax. un-stilli]    <suff>    ABSTRACT or ACTION NOUN [~ -(u)ndi = place or concept (of X-ing) / target/product of X-ing? (Cat, OIc; F -nte-?)]
iguat, igbat, â-/i(i)-kumba    <n>    price, value (= kit(t)ång, kut(t)ång; yali(h-))
ik(k)-; g/mizwph-    <v>    to gulp, drink
i-, u-ksimma, -kswmma, -kswntha; mâph-ak, -wk    <n>    piece of furniture
ilim ~ kin-im, -am    <n>    cause, reason vs. foundation, bottom, base level
ilt-ar, -ur; menclV    <n/adj>    height/high (tall)
-(i)mba(r)/-(a)m(byV)/-ab(b-V); -(û)3åg/-awr/-w,yål    <suff>    PAST PARTICIPLE
imb(un)d-; nongi/y-    <n>    to attempt, try
img-    <v>    to grab
font color="Black">-ink(V?) / -(Vn)ni
    <suff>    suffix appearing in names of flying animals
inkor, hrånk-or, -at(h)    <n>    helmet
-i,wnt-, -īt    <suff>    (#2 appears in Hbr, Est, etc.)
(i)om-b/p-, (ka/la)umb-    <v intr>    to stay, remain, keep, stick [<< MDu. omme]
i(e)o-nunth-, gV-nunth-    <v>    to demand
ior-, giur-; -b/môlig/t    <pref>    PRIVATIVE [?~ prep. bagand, bagi(n)t, baku(o)t; le/lombr-a/i; mi/mêkus without]
i(åC)-, hlion-, kaw(i)n-, pVon-zarb-, -zarg-    <v tr>    to dominate
ip(p)-; kanz(i)-/hrV(ga)nzi-    <v>    to move forward, 'walk', 'go'
-irumb-, -Vl(k)sumb-    <v suff>    an "extension" for deriving verbs implying frequentative behaviour
i-/(t)V-sken(d)r- [e/V]    <v>    to believe, have faith
issår(u)- ~ wtsar(u)-, tro(son)g-(u)spaks-; zîak-/zêgu(t)-(uh)twks-    <n>    campfire
ist-ol(C), -ul(C)    <n>    toiling, pains, effort, all the amount of work
it(tV)r(d)ol; h/kênar; uzzid-(u,ab); imp(h)ar; mindrak    <n>    shape, form
ittôd-u, -i; (y)Vksunna    <n>    fish
ithor/(g)itsor, athVron    <n>    connection, relationship
i(C)-, (a)w-twlg-, -sålg-    <v intr>    to become rigid, unmoving, freeze [= hnarg(or,y)-, hwnårg/rth-]
-i/wzd(a)-; -(a)lgi/V-; -(a,u)m(b)åg-/-ummi-; bår    <v suff/ptcl>    FUTURE TENSE
djånk(h)V-; ip(p)ont/nk; gwz(zu)mal; ikhådj-/(u)huddi-; zólu, zal-ba, -(a)k-, zunkur/zandra(t)    <n>    tree [= dja(w)nar(t); (C)uššån(C)- ] : chVkk-a(dn)w, -iwnåc, ikhassunt(ra-), p/kun(u)twrrak - any ptc. kinds?
djankal, djingyal    <n>    (one's) chief, lord, 'boss'
djār, djuo-p, -Cang; telgw; hn/kna(a)thi; pra-h/t-yål, -ail; (V)k/h/m-mîrwg; Vppanc; ny-/m-azzi/a-    <prep>    toward(s)
djêbar    <n>    panic, horror
djê-, i(a,w)z-dukk-V    <adj>    dangerous, risky
djênac/g; puolz-ib; (y/m)Vngro-ldi    <adv/adj>    much, many
djing-    <v>    to intend; to mean
-dj(a)wr, -djar, -djêr; -âshw(g,l)    <elem>    a "determinative" (derivational element) for various substances or materials (from adjectives etc.)
djw:ma-    <n>    head [= mVngyå]; mind; mindfulness
djumand-; (k/h)u-st-a(m)b-/-u(m)b-    <v>    to read
djVn(d)ar; n/ping(rV,Vr); kl#234;g/mw; fal-(i)t, -ôtha/flatt-V, -awm/-Vmik, -Vbra(C); ma/ming(h)iu    <n>    settlement, town (#1: vs. mountain)
dju(:y)ång-    <adv, adj>    high up = adj stem. 'high'
-k- (-(r,s)uo(n)k-, -(r)iwk(k)-), -(i)m(bk,pr)-, -eopp-    <v suff>    CAUSATIVE
k(a)-/sa-napp-    <n>    paying, payment; price
kaban / g/nadap    <num>    ten (10)
kabr-ant ~ -ankhi/thi ~ kadw(b)-th-rwggi, -rångi; mínak(k-); båthwl(g), bwttw, -l(i)    <n>    jewel, gemstone
kaf(-i-, -fVhh-); yund(u)l(g)-; pr(V)urogg-    <v>    to rain
kansal, t(h)wnzal, kunzal; dômVk(a,i)    <adj>    late
k(V)nåst-or, kanamp-, minkåst(V), pan(ak)kVnda-s, kanthin/wn-drak/g, -zol, kassundw/nda    <n>    descendant; heir [= thamb-ak, -an(d)?]
kappa(n-?) / nVråppu(t); d/l/hirak    <n>    item, vessel
karal(l)-åk, -i    <n>    ???
k(l)/tarint(h)-    <v>    to put, place
kattårc, kattus/t, kass-iC, -ot(hV)    <adj>    mane; (fire-like) aura, (hair-like) radiance
[ kenkol-    <n>    evidence, proof, documentation (not OIr.t. word?) ]
kentlo(n), hi-, thw-(g)u/intlo(n)    <n>    ring (metallic piece of jewellery)
kêthar, kw:thar    <n>    line, line-up; list
kid-ir, -Vr, kawth-(u)gi    <n>    message
kild-    <v>    to notify, let know, inform, announce
kilga; dr/tro-hal, -val; (g)ua-tal/n, -tti-    <adj>    other, another, second
kilz- / (VC)kwlz-; dlV(b)bu(o)rk-    <v>    to arrive; to reach (+prep?); to dawn
king(h,r)-/kink-w/i-; krudyång-; tarh/kwnd-; rVhhåb-ki/kud/dh-; e/iulingi-/(C)i/angwol(d)(i)-    <v>    to travel [the final one inspired by O.E. eolet "(?sea-)journey"]
kithVn/m, (g)wchal, zagVp/uz(z)wp, hrat(h), gu(u)vå(k), un(g)yå-, (-)t(h)ål, (u)t-wr, -ir/otar, kipp-/k(h)imb-a, hrw(o)ng, (k)au(l,t), kåna(t) ~ hnåk    <rel pn>    which, that (which)
kiumin-, kiumbo(-C), Vkkuom(ak)    <adv/prep>    in a manner (of..) ?
ki(yy)wndló / tliwnk- / fVngló pa(n)duhtV; hlunzí    <n>    river
kîrid ~ thîrot    <adj/root>    good, decent, well
ki/kwsaktur, kwtsur; (uh)twks, uspaks-, (m)app(h)aks-; hru(fa)zzVr    <n>    fire, flames
ki-stuk(k)-; (ty/hyVr)manz(i)-    <v>    to begin, start
(k)ī-tålg(i)-; (t)hlank(i)-    <v tr>    to bury
kith(Vn)nå; (l)ózid; kån-ar, -ir; djung-; za(a)bV-; faldok; thar-i/w-nda +Gen.    <adv/prep>    next to, beside
klamal-(C-), tumalg-    <n>    ladder or step
klaubwnC(i)- [kl/gl/gr/kr]    <v>    to shelter or to close around
klVmb/mm-V, ?kånamm-    <adj>    wet, dripping
klema/wnda-, klVp(p)i/wnda-    <n>    village
klwnglut    <n>    mug, jar (of glass)
klw(m)-mwnd(r)-, -bånd(r)-a/-i (kl ~ gr)    <n>    hunger, being famished
kóbi; kwnk(u)w; ittón/istan(u,t)    <adj>    empty
kónid, kênåt, kînwb/t    <adv>    much; very
krashil-, kranda/u-    <n>    mid-, between
krend-, krond-; zîrab(C)-    <v>    set/put/lay down, lower [ =/ intr. sin(y)ult-]
krôbal [b/n/d]    <adj>    outside-(being), outdoors-
krum-; awk/pund-; y/håth(a)k-; nVz(i)l-; bVh(i)r/n-    <v>    must, should
krwnki-; futrak, fukhwndrak    <n>    shed, shack
ku(hu)nth-å/i, kanth-a(C)/-i(C), ku(m)bwntó, peun(ap)/ponk(w)/kaphank/iffw(na)k, uk(k)V-t, -d-    <n>    (working-)tool, instrument [= pîr(ab); (g)Vrz-ut, -at]
ku-/go-nt(i)ló/kinda/kinthå; wp/ba(n)k(-u, -w-); tel(u)m(b)Vr; hrånnw-; zák-ip, -it    <n>    journey; path
kumb-a(n?), -åt-; zuppånt-; dreol(k), adral-(l)(i)    <n>    bottom (level); root
kwn-, krwn(d)-rattV; makkwtra    <n>    bed
kundVg-; rof(u,a)g/kh- [metath. << kh/ʔ-ph-r (= ʔ-k.-th)]; thVbVg/kk-, (w)masbak-y-; nV3bråt-    <v tr>    to write
(k)wstok(ku); p/fênak; k/tôzak; mundra    <n>    ice
(k)uthiå(C), kun(u)thawb(a); âmap, mappwt, manku(l-)    <n>    bread
k/guth(o)l-(l)Vsp, -wåd(i)uk    <n>    banner, flag
labar-y-, -s-    <v>    to surprise
lakmo, nêk(V)m(b)o; póthank/ng    <n>    city, town
la(a)mwk, lambku/i    <n>    end, i.t.s. destination
-ldu, -mbwk, -zôl    <n suff>    AUGMENTATIVE
-lón(C), -lwn(k,t); -(i/u)mbu, -l/-r    <suff>    a possibly existing COMITATIVE case
lontha, C-lwntha, -lwnza    <n>    bag
lottåry-; namb-, numb-    <v>    to cause
lyatna(n)g-, lyag(V)d-, lyakkå(n)d-    <v>    to drink
mabal- : mV-mbl(i)-    <v>    to solve, decide; to choose
mâvak, maok, m-/wgn-/plVn-    <n>    ?glass (substance)
ma(C)baugi, makaul(C)i    <adj>    fine, fancy, gorgeous
mâ-bi(s), -di(s), -li(s), maha(ldV) (h/v)    <n>    home ~ habitation
mafak(ya), mafkim, mikup(p-)    <n>    form, shape, pattern
magir-, ma3ir-; nu/natol(C)-    <v>    to hide (tr. or both senses)
mah-ar, -ir; (ô)hån, okkån(t)    <n>    quality, manner [related to root M-KH-R vs. KH-R-T ?to advance ?]
mahat-i-    <v>    to inspect, go over, check
mVhh-i/w-r(t), e/ihminkå, dónug/k, i/wnthob, ambålk/embilk, b/fra(u)ng-a, nått-orda, -irda, niomb/naumb    <prep>    for sake of ~ on behalf of [cf. Old Dutch dor, et al.]
(ma-, mu-) hi(e)rb- (h/tt)    <v>    to request, ask
-(m)åk/-måš/-(b)êr/-(b)wr, [Prolative =] -di (-δi)/(n)-d(a,ui)-/-å(n)d/t    <suff>    LOCATIVE [Temp: -rak/-(n)ku/-(a,w)lg, -(g)ab/-(g)i(w)p, -(D)IR/-din/-(u)ndV, k/hizal, (C)rôgim "at = during"]
mal(lV)g, mats-al-b, -un, -wnk(V); fw:da(sk-)    <n>    rope
manaht-, manakk-, mang-y-    <v>    to squeeze
mand-, mankVb-, munkan(C)-    <v>    to fall or drop ['to drop' = gondr-/kVntr-/hnVmbr-]
mangri ~ mVngor; pullôsh, pwlt(h)wd(-ank) [< pV-lh-wd/dh]    <n>    sea, large lake [-(m)ank augmentative suffix]
mapp-; ma-, (y)wk-kôd(i)-    <v tr>    to shelter, protect [(?vs.) prep. mop, mawp inside, within]
mārwp, marhwp, m/p/t    <adv>    right away, now
*mass-u, -iC(Cu), (tVhk-u-)mbas- (< am(a)z-u-)    <n>    hole (in the ground)
mawbri; tån(yan)ku    <n>    look, expression, face
maz(a)b-    <n>    to lead; carry (with purpose, away)
-mb-as(sa,su), -(mb-)ithå:; -(a)nci/u; -åmbi, -umba; -uot, -(u)trV    <suff>    VERBAL NOUN [Cat. abstr. -(o)bi]
m(e,i)olp-    <v>    to contact or be in contact with, interact with, have dealings with vs. to connect with
mêp ~ mêba : mêb(i)-, muob-    <n : v>    hearing : to hear
mêb-ath, -uo(s); zâki; pe(e)t; y-, d-åss-a, -wr    <n>    side (#1 : vs. "demand"? vtr. mêβ- ?)
mêd(-a, -Vsh, -Vsk)    <n>    man, male [F mieh(e)-, Tib , etc.]
font color="Black">mêgil(C)-
    <v>    to stand in the way; to be in defense of sth (intransitive)
migam; hrVnt-; (t)huldVk    <n>    chip, splinter
mi(w)hh-    <v>    to explain, clarify
milg(å), minnag/k    <prep>    around; all around
miluk(k-), midak(k-)    <n>    earth; the world [= (t)hêm-åk, -onk, -ont a world]
mi(i)nang-; uss-Vg/V(r)d    <n>    grass
mi-, ma-nkåd(di)-, mik(k,y)åss- / mindw-, minda(nC)-; ta(m)b-/ti(m)b-; (Vng)udy-    <v / n>    to sail / (#1) a sail
mink-ots, -åst    <n>    mug, cup
mVnnoch(i)-, ke(o)nnoch(i)-    <v>    to say yes, agree
mirb-; (a)dhak-/za(a)k-; (Vn)gwtt-, (y)attu(n)k-    <v tr>    to close, shut
mir(i)kh-(C-) (m/b!)    <v>    to make haste, hurry
m(V)rassi, (a)mrassi; prê(k)hVs-; yat(t)a/u-n(d), -r    <prep>    between
mi(ng)zå(w)r    <prep>    like, the way that, same way that
miwnc, mVngo, bå(y)uk; hn/knass(-V-); pwngVr/Vs, domb-å; nald-a,u    <prep>    through, via
mi(gå)rt(h)-, &c.    <v>    to pass through or by
-mmi/-(m)blV; -(V)yâra, -(V)yâli; -(l)int/-(t)ti(o)/-A(:,N)T-UL, -zí/-(i)(s)sa,ú; -kal/-(w)lg(i)/-wlk; -(n)âr/-(n)Vr    <suff>    NOMEN AGENTIS [vs. -y/C-ån(k)- : OGerm. -iand, Cat. -i(n-)]
môbVk    <n>    track, rut, carraria
mo(ttw)gli, mag-li, -los    <n>    order of behaviour, rule
mwk(k)-on(t), -int    <n>    ear, hearing?
molb-, mol(C)umb-; mîrwb-CVC-    <v>    to be outside, in the open air; ?(fig.) to be out of the know
morb-; g/nåtsurd-    <v>    to climb
(-)mral-(i)k, -Vk; kessan(k) / kithank    <adj>    own, personal, unique ['a person, individual' = hêmVng(i) / ming(w)êz-; wdd(e)åk]
mundor, mVndwr    <n>    stripe
mungli- / mu(o)nkoli- / muzangl(i)-; hlinz-; yar(thaw)t-; zVk(k)ith-; (h)untimb-/(t)Vngumb-; (n)Vksålb-    <v>    to encounter, meet
mup(p)-, muppi-    <v tr>    to interrupt
mwz(V)l(d)-, mwtl-    <v>    to drop
namab, nambi/u, nêma-b, -k    <n>    yard, courtyard
namba(n-), numbu(n-)    <n>    tongue; speech [~ thona-C; t(h)amil(C)-i/-(k)a, -åi(C), -må/-ām, -(w)th(i) ]
(h,k)nåst-wmba, -imba; (m)iksVhtu; k/tånhukrwt(tw)    <n>    tome, book
-(n)(a)(ʒ)î/-(β)(a)ns (-lan, -ʒån); -(i,w)rda*/-ldi/-(r)uon*/-rau; -β/y-a-k; -(β)is, -b(i)(k)    <suff>    ABLATIVE [whose abridgment = ACC? vs. -(d)u, -(g)i, -(u)r]; = prep. hnåk/nan(V)k/smank, (h)nô(l)/-ia-, nes(V)p, knår/k(n)V(V)s || * accid. sim. to Gothic -rô (for one)
nē-ia/-iu; krand(u,uC,aC); (V)smalk(a); prā-n/z-Vk    <n>    spatium, intervallum
nêmak/g-    <n>    phrase, sentence
niV-/nol-/nuo-rantha / -runtha; m/yazzwnk/ng    <n>    riddle, dilemma, puzzle
nil(b,C)-, nuhVl(b,C)-    <v>    to bring about, create [that which came subconsciously can stay for now]
nirn; trohVp (+unit/dim. suffix?)    <n>    script (#1) vs. mark = 'letter'
nottå-l-; sub(u)n-/suban-    <n>    porch; yard, front-yard
nu(ʒ)Vr-, kibVn-få(å)ty-, -teonc-; sa(ba)lming- ~ t(h)a(i)lmiht-    <v>    to benefit, gain (for oneself)
nuond-, nakkVnd/nt-; utiurr(Vmb)-    <v>    to become cold [adj. syn. okkil-, bam(m)wz-, hanVdj-]
-n-(d)yå-, -n-dwg(g)(V)-, -n-drål(C)-; -mbåir-; -(y)wthri- / -ucchi-    <v suff>    CONDITIONAL ('would') — takes place of any (possibly nasal..) Infinitive suffix
óbak(k-?), ôbik; ant-ål- (-il-)    <n>    image, scene
ogrí(-C), n(u)ogrV-; racchó; dj-/ch-wn-år, -ull-; prand-rí/-rw(t)    <n>    seat, chair
w(st)djenkut; ka/kistlunk; i/ustyâlik(s-); passi/ó (< -θs-), pattwsk; (th)å-b/f/s-sånk    <n>    sword
omb(h)- / pūm-; (n/twk-)(k/h)inz-, i/w    <v tr>    to guard, keep an eye on [brommi ~ grongi = an eye]
ombkrV    <n>    watcher or father
ondka-fó -st/th/z-ló; zikhi(d,l)-unagli; kaw/kath-nagli; za(n)d-azu-hna(w)l    <n>    mirror (#1 with ?"a piece of furniture" vs. other type of noun suffix; #4 = "looking-n+Dat-?surface")
onglwr(-drVk); (-V-)t(h)alzwrg/k    <n>    wain, wagon, carriage
on(V)khu-, onåhha-    <n>    beam (wooden) ['wood' = f/kånasp-; k/hittwk/g-]
onki-/âki/puonkV-; yarag-; ne(3)ul-; brōl; t(r)ôramba [cpv? slat?]    <adj>    long; tall
-wp/b, -a/ing(a)å-, [postvocalic] -pp/bbå/u(k), -r/v(v)ång, -k(h)åth, -b/fir, -ddir, -m/båh/l    <suff>    LATIVE (into, unto) [= h(r)op-Vl, -Vr; sVmVk ?] — TRANSLATIVE -råk (also verb infinitive = Est. -ma)
(C)ô-twlg(i)-    <v>    to rule, govern
o(o)thib-, ottVph-, (s)ochib-    <n>    tower
pā- (~ fuʒā-), p/fu(o)ng/nk-Vnt; dr(V)and/nt; ú(B)ång; niub/mawb; seob/thåbak; kod-Vr, -Vng; labat; at(ta)lg; sånd/nt    <prep>    (together) with, along with ["at the place of, in the presence of" = tr/franga, tr/franna(k) ]
palga, pa(a)lag-, pêlac    <n>    tongue
pan(â)d-Vk, -ut, pVnad-jak/-jVth    <n>    moment, occasion, instance
[panag/3, panakk-    <adj>    heavy]
pan(yV)d, pinV(n)d    <n>    foot (animal foot, paw?) vs. free, untamed, wild
pandwt/pundut; f&arng;ruthVnk; nankandeo; mungli/ló; (t)rålg-u    <n>    room, chamber
pang-li; gi(th)thang    <n>    emptiness
parp-    <v>    to meet again; to rejoin the company of (?each other) [reflexive verb = +p ? a contraction from *parrV(C)p- / pi(o)-ar..- ?]
pastwr(i), pazadur, patsudrV    <n>    throne
pav(v)ang / pånwå-k (-g-); gunz(V-), (g)uzza-k, -ng    <n>    bridge
paz(a)l- ~ foz(i)l-, fotl-V; (a)zapp-u    <n>    side, division (qq. 'half'?)
pelda, peltha; mw(:)zar; (i)m(b)råg(-u)    <n>    colour
pik(k)-/pak(k)-, pâyuk-/pan(d)yuk-    <v>    to live vs. to dwell
pêlwnc/ng; hnattVs(C/i-)    <adj>    broken, out of order
pînap; pîtul    <n>    part, division
pird-, purd-    <v>    to hit or strike
plang-V, pul(d)nwk    <adj>    second, other
plwnd-    <adj>    decent?
pu / pi / pa (-Vpp-, -ipp-?)    <dem>    DEMONSTRATIVE or DEFINITE ARTICLE
pu(3)timb-; f/kurd-; (y)wdl-; zånd(y)-/zund(y)-    <v>    to look at
puldw(w)k/g-; wkhsawt-; êg(n); hîfi    <adj>    silent, quiet
pwnV-k, -hh-V; ussak/ik(,u)    <n>    (single) stone, rock
prâlwt; kûph-Vn, -na(k,ng)    <n>    wall (outside), defense [the wall-walk being called pun(n)Vrt-]
prâm-on, -Vng (etc.)    <n>    music vs. vibration
pra-n(dC)-, -mb- / fra-n(dC)-, -mb-    <v>    to keep, store
pranna, prânåt, parn-    <n>    field (e.g. of battle)
(p)raz-, (t)råz-    <v/adj root>    L. semel ~ F. erä-
prôn-, pruon(C)-    <v>    to store, keep in store
p(wt)romb-    <v>    to move house (intr); ?to make move vs. ?to change, alter (tr)
pûkhar(a-) / bûkhur(a-) / bukhår-d(o-), -gån(t)    <adj>    awful, frightful
pu-, pô-lur, puol    <n>    label, nickname, (MnEng) 'term'
pwmwl(lV)    <n>    border, -line
punn(a)-u, -i; klum(b-); t(h)ínw(n)k    <pn>    (my-, your-, etc.) self (#1 < pum(u)n-)
pwrm-: pôrum-, pwrrum(-ô), -u(r)    <stem: n>    thunder
pumund-, ch-, s-(au)mund-    <v>    to farm; to cultivate
pund-lo ~ -ri; (CV)krad-    <n>    intention, intent
pun(da)t-, rápunt; póma-r; rund-iph/aph; knuhhå(t); zêmab/k-; minc(a)-li, -ri    <n>    sun, sun-light ['light' = i/ajjwk], day [= ilg(w); eguang(u); rutnw; ka/kêva(k); mig(y)-, me(V)kw-a(t) < *mi(i)kh-]
(p)u(n)-kwayr, -kwad-, -kiwd-    <n>    heart
pûra(l); k/ha(n)z-ig, -uo    <n>    dream = vision
radak(h)/ng-; (hu)chanda; ûl(a,u)k-    <stem>    nearby, near, close by
râdur, râthur    <adj>    calm, peaceful
ra(Ci)lg-/ralk-; uthl(i)-/uthn(i)-    <v>    to smile or grin
ram(a)b- / pram(a)b-    <n/v stem>    sport, game; to play
rama-t(h), -d, rêmat(h), ronnV-t(h)/-ts-/-ss-    <n>    (single) building
randra/i, rambra    <n>    world, entirety (in the largest sense)
rani- ~ rån(n)w-ch, -cc- [< r-n-ɬ?]    <n>    parchment
ra(ng)ug- (gr..), ro(th,z)ig-, ra/relg(ûg)-, V/CV-krunj- (u/i)    <v>    to shout, cry out
ranku(β/ʒ-), Cranku-    <n>    piece of furniture
råss-, råks-(u)ir-w    <n>    island
ratta(kw-,kis), d(a)rast(Vn), (d)rudVnk    <n>    north
råttol-k, -C [dr.. ?]; zu(u)nalt    <n>    threshold, brink
rathinda, (d-, t-)rossinda [šš?]    <n>    tale, legend
rêkhåd (rokhåd); yon(V)k-, yontha/thi; kô/kunang, kwtur; (th)årmin; magid/t; (h,k)abåz(zV)    <prep>    sitting on, atop (vs. k/tharf, thadwb = wearing)
rinål(t), grinkal; sêmar; (h)igVn-/(h)ogVn-    <n>    body (living)
rink(w)-; gr/thrûn-    <n>    to attach, fasten
rom(C)(ing)-    <v>    to treat, behave with
ron(C)- / hn/hruokka/in(C)-; manz-; saddwb-; (th)åsgw-dl/tl-; (m)(u)brVd(d)/b(b)-; ?kith(r)-    <v>    to bring (#1 < rat.an- / rut.un- / r-g/k.-n-)
rånn-wch, -ach    <n>    neck (at the back of head)
ront(a,i)/rónut; kr/hrint(ho); (m)ång    <n>    time or time-period [= (h)l/zárwp]
rontr/dr-, ruontr-    <v>    to pass (by), move forward (time); to develop
ró-pa(n), -pi    <n>    mind
rôz-i    <adj>    wide, extensive
rub-al, -ul    <n>    speed, quickness
runal-; thandVl(o-)    <n>    minuteness, moment
rúsh-at, grVss-at, -ad    <n>    gift (recycled?)
rût, turad-, i/urat; b/p(a)wn(C)Vm [OE. folma]; irn-, orn-(a,u) [#1 < *(3)arud,t-n-]; thi-, thwrVp    <n>    hand ~ arm
-sa-, -(V)sså, -i(ng)u    <suff>    (while, as, with X) ..ing
sa(b)båk(û)n(i)- / sa(b)-nint-l-/nwnt-l-    <v>    to work, (on); etc.
sadal, (t)sêd-(a)li, -allwt; thamak; (t)rw(hho)ntru-; chåndw(l)t, chwntål(g)iš; zêgat(ra)    <n>    window
salthe ~ swld-e, -u    <n>    liquid (substance)
-s/šân, -s/šilå:n (i/u)    <suff>    DATIVE PLURAL ?
sand-wl(l-), -u(o)(r); (k)af-, kat(t)-ondV-s, ki- ~ su-åndat(h); pVmptó; hrēma    <n>    circumstance(s)
sanva, sanvi(g,k); zwlthe, zolkni, zu(u)phuk    <n>    means, tool
s/šarap(p-), sarp-; trVhCang-, trakk/hk-    <v>    to sit (down) ~ to remain seated
sávak ~ thåbak; mi-pp/ht-or [#putur?]; ampåk; (y)anCur    <n>    air
sawn-, seon-, s/th/k    <n>    manner, habit (latter = yas(s)ang, ôpik); also an ADVERBIAL marker?
sêk- ~ zêg-    <root/pref>    nearby, close-by
síram, sêrVm    <n>    amount, quantity
sum(b)-; sôrot-C-, sorådl-    <v>    to hear
s-, k-un-ar, -urb-    <n>    plant (with stalk)
suolg-/sawlg-; kintl-/kontl-; od(V:)kask-; minkadd/tt-    <v>    to send
s(C)VnVrk [s-/k-/hi-]; Crå/u-fål(V)g-; ?mikahr-V    <n>    snow
shabik, thabik    <n>    rigid or difficult item (tangible) or concept (used interchangeably with k/thêluk which means the other thing?)
(tab-, h(n)Vb-)milt-; (C)akkirt-    <v>    to pour
tåhakk-i(C), -u(t), têwak(k-); kêha(l,r), kum(b)ahh-/ht-, kutsVnd-i    <n>    map
tal(a)b-; kit(t)ån, (C)HANT-, ha(m)batt-, Cunåmb(u)r-; l-/r-(u)onni; k/sîmang    <prep>    around, surrounding
tand-a(l-), -uk, takkwnd-, -nth(ô), -u    <n>    meaning vs. value, price
tar-, tur-Vllunkāph; (C)aphulnark(uh)ôsh; kor(u)thâshlug-mâ, -im(b)sha; mw(n)thârunk(h)il    <n>    dragon
tarim; pal(w)k(Vp,Vt)    <n>    passageway, corridor
tas(a)l-; ten(n)-ong; ada(n)gi, attång    <n>    gold, (as elem) of gold
taura, tatra; (V)hmaz-ul, (y)Vmmal    <n>    side, half
taztal(V)k-, tardalk-, tardwkk-    <n>    locking, lock
têlup/b-; h/kar-y/gôsh-    <n>    journey; traveling, being-on-the-road
têyur(d,g), tazyår-i(n,ng), -im, -wnt    <adj>    unwell, ill, sick
tê-/nô(s)-pang-; Cai-odl-    <v tr>    to measure
t(h)(u)nank-; m(V)rånk-; Vksant(hi/hu); ki(i)-s(t)/t(h)-ång; embul-/omb-Vl(k), -ri(s) [*im(m)-i/u-, *åm(b)-]    <n>    night [cp: Orel p. 58]
(t)lonz-, t(h)alånz-    <v>    to inscribe, carve
tôβ-an(t)/-Vn, kie-, kê-β-an(t)/-Vn    <adv>    with one, along (having brought ~)
tok(sakk)-, tuoks(i)-    <v intr>    to burn [tr/intr kattwl(C)-, kitswl-]
tom(m)åk [< *taw'm-, *tumum- if not from prefixation]    <adj>    brown, red-brown ?
twgVr, tiw3Vl, tingw-l, -t; ka(i)um-/(kat)tom- [< kādwm-]; kānit/th/s    <n>    peak, hilltop [Celt. tor, Sem. T-w-r]
twmbr- / t(h)a/umbwnth-; (C)im-/um-bakni-    <v>    to escape, flee
t(h)wrgi / b(r)urgi; måbirra/i; gudli; d/tâvuk    <conj>    because [?SS. kurgi]
traggank / pr-, hruggank; gimb(V)zó    <n>    vat, tub (bathtub)
trald-a [also with a prefix?]    <adj>    early vs. putting-in-store/(he) storeth [cråld-?] : nn 'storage(-place)' = masg-ål, -il, maggål
tram(mV), táma(g,k); n/rathar; ta(a)luC; yóntil-; kûnal(i), kundw-    <n>    place
trand(i)- ~ krwnd(i)-    <v>    imagine
tro-h/k(k)-, dro-h/k(k)-    <v>    to see, perceive, notice
trw(go)n(n)-; khâm- ~ thu(u)n-a(k); yangåt(h), yâpa(k); skwndli/kVhåd-la, -li; nul(l)andr-a/u    <n>    evening
trumbanc, (trw:)m(g)assur, tru-/kra(m)-mun-(jar,jVng,zil), t(w:)ra-nkwr/ngr- [+adj. suff.]; nar(az)zwnt; m/pVndass-u,a    <adj; n>    massive, huge; such an object or feat of construction
twdak; za/zuling(a); gut(t)uk; krVntha, krêdwk; tôphaC; (kV)prang; nôdal/il, nadlVk    <n>    foot, leg
tumang-i, -u, tam-, kim-bånc    <n>    barrel
twnang-; tôzi-C, tozVr; (fV)knimb-    <n>    well (of water); deep hole
tuotra ~ t(h)iotri; udwrn/undrV/andat(t)-; hînak    <n>    month
(th-, h(l)-, k-, p-)edl-o, -u, -i    <n>    water [< *ɬ-, *k.-, *p- or ʔ-] [NOTE: the 'Welsh-type' combination /-dl-/ is found e.g. in OSax. gibudli, gisidli]
t(h)âch-a(k), -u(k); yud/ssang-    <n>    any type of door (window?) with a board
thâfik; mašš-i, -on(a)t/C; hnar(d)(u)ok; mel(in)kha; (h/k)uddó(na); s(u)ol(bV,bVr)    <n>    hill (low)
tham(b)-, nam-azi; umpa(k), i(h)hank    <n>    cup
t(h)andli, (fâ)kandli; (lewm-, t(y)wm-)makat    <n>    wraparound, 'coat'
thellw; hnikki(n)tha [< PH-N-G/K.?]; g/hidl-, odl-angi    <n>    brightness; daytime
thānwk- ~ zûr(a)t(h)/p-; drwnz-; (C)re/rugond(y)-    <v>    to fill; to complete, see through
thobr-, thubr-(VC); nómak(k-)    <n>    suit; leather-jacket or armour
thonål, thVnal    <n>    floor (below one's feet), vs. thonar, sônar side, board, rib
t(h)ondr-a,u(o); k(h)a-, khu-(då)rd-, -Vni    <n>    stomach, gut, belly
thorma ~ t(h)/sVn(d)lup (-b-)    <n>    mouth ~ maw
(t)hrad-, (t)hrod(y)-, tr..    <v intr/refl>    to come to end (usually of abstracts), ?vs. trot('r)-, trand- to bend
thwnulg-    <v>    to be harmful, injuring (to: +Dative)
thurg-    <v>    to return, come or go back
Cu-nuol(-(â/û)p/t, -(ph,th)i, -(n,p,th)a, -u); d/pongwo / d/ponthV    <n>    south [the phonetic possibilities in the "suffix" < WGer, Cat/Fri, Est, Trk]
(-)udrwnn-, ywd-, mVnd-ra(n)g(i)-, hugrånt-    <v>    to climb
wftåg-o/i-r, wttåg-o/i-r, wttaj-(u), -aw    <n>    pine-tree
u(hå)ts, (h)åzzi, tiô, d(i)-/r-ôβ(å), ginyV, (h)rugan(t), umik    <conj>    and, as well
uit-, char-(ʒ)wlt-, -k/tibl-; Ci(C)-ung-r-; ki/ku(n)dar-C-; indya(n)k(i)-    <v tr>    to reckon, count (up?)
-w(w)kai; -w(w)kVd-; -ugd-i, -w:(n)    <suff>    diminutive
(C)uk(ka,ku)li    <n>    sound or movement of water; (with suff?) water
wkmwn-, wkkVb    <prep>    between vs. during
ul-d-, -k-, -ph-, -s-    <v>    to bring or fetch
(C)um-, kVm-ralb-    <v tr>    to turn, flip over
umba(l), omba(l); pran(thi); hâna(n)t; tôri    <adj / n>    one-time; instance, occasion
umbi(n)d-ur/âsh, umunkid-Vt/Vth; gussul(i,bV)    <n>    bee; wasp [= z/dVm-bulli/-bangli- ]
unk-    <n>    to arrange/order [topwise?] (which is actually the meaning of k/tunang- ?)
unk(-u), unnak-    <n>    storey, floor (+ layer?)
unk-ip, thwnk-ip-, -ība; hlarant-Vl, -li    <n>    arrangement, order
untol; Vb-/Vph-sa(n,nu)g, -im/-am    <n>    voice; ?sound
-u-(g)oht(V); -u-(g)ondV / -û-kan(d)/kol-; -u-(y,l,th)åmba / -u-ppa(m-u)    <n suff>    optional clarifiers for identifying a noun as a tangible material, solid (or powder), liquid or vapour
-up (-ub/-upp-), -Vp; -u/-a; -ul- (-al, -il)    <n suff>    possible equivalents of Slavonic masculine -Vk (nouns, Nom.)
uphVm-, yukub/m(b)-    <v>    can, is able, may, might [Go. ufto, etc..]
wss- ~ utt-imba    <n>    pillar, column
-(u)ssi/-(z,th)al/-zd-i-/-(w)nda(k,m); -up(p)-/-(a)phi/-(y,r)ab; -(â)råg; -(å)nûr/-(w:)nå/-unk/-eogV-n/-s [Frs. -on], -(r)thu/-(r)du    <suff>    TOOL NOUN [= Finn. -in (-im-)]
-(u)syon, -(i)sswd/l- (s/sh/t); -nVdj/-nâdj; ?-ā/ōki    <suff>    COMPARATIVE (*Adj; *Adv)
us-, (y)wtt-im(b)-(i)-    <adj>    significant, important
(C)uθθåd- ~ (ki)uzda; (hl)wgnonk/ng; ubrVd(dV,zV)    <n>    bottle
udh(u)r-, uth(u)r-, uzr-    <adj, adv>    far, distant
ustwl(g,k)-; trV:nu(o)ng; chandit/at(t-); yalchV(k,nk)/yangthó/yathak(uo)    <n>    metal
ut(C)(i)l-, utha-l-, -nd-; niwrak/ht-    <v>    to conserve, be frugal with, save
ut(h)yog-(i,wn?), udyost    <n>    wheel, cycle
vat'r ~ w-k-r    <stem>    fire, bonfire; to kindle [Skr. vatara, Srb. vatra, F. varta-] = (verb "kindle, ignite") hru(n)gl(i)-; har(Vsh)sh-; h(w)ru-djrwn(C)- / undjwrf-
uz(Vnd,Vng)lu, uthô-la, -ra, g~    <n>    likeness, image
warnV(n)-kwmb(a), muran-kw/kimb(a)    <n>    zeal, passion [Go. winna-, F inno-, Skr. -tva]
wih-, yug-    <pn stem>    3rd person
wilt-    <v>    to be forced (by circumstances), end up (having, going)
(y)åbd-; (w)akud(d)-; za(n)aph-, za(i)-biunk-/-baunk-    <v>    to request, ask for
ya(a)m-, yan(g)thwnk; (C)rondal; (C)(a,i-)urgi; yôr-V,i(m)    <adj>    deep, profound
yab(b)-, yap(p)-Vs(a,w)p; djw(dw)nn-at, -a(n)gi; druk(k)w:n(a,i)t; pråtamb-; êhwnkVt    <n>    pier, wharf, dock
ya(g)im / ag-it, -ut; rund(ra); brullu/brûl(a)/(y)ubnul; tangni; flwnd/flûn(a)    <n>    centre
(y)agis(t) ~ (y)aphus(sa)    <n>    letter = message
ya(l)-, u-lumbi    <n>    region, domain
yanar-, yanur(d)- ~ kVniry-    <v (root?)>    to go, fare, travel [= n/zal(l)ab-; (t)ankad(y)-/akad-; zuan(C)-/zêyam-; ut(t)wb-]; to pass away (of time)
yånk- ~ i/(k)w-dyonk-    <v>    to take, bear away, lead
yastal(d-/l-), yasta(a)-nV-, -ru(o)    <n>    goal, objective, intention
ya(l)tr- / yalant(r)-    <v>    to hang (on a hook)
yêd-ak, -at(h)-    <n>    stair, step (collectively pumpar, -Vtta, -âk-iu/-una)
yok(o)l-, yok(k)al    <n>    = sea
yoltha(n-), yolîj(-i-); m(V)ra(a)thi; pim-in, -an    <adj>    new
yond/nk-ir, -ur, yontar(C) vs. núrat/th (+adj suff?); (V)psummal; hy/ki/tyôk-i, -al    <adj>    heavy
yosind- [i/V]    <v>    to dig
yot(t)-ål, -il    <n>    recording, book
(y)wgad/t-(C-)    <v>    to ride (travel) by horse
yVrmwnt-, ywrmakk-    <n>    hearth, fireplace
yub(u)d-, ywh(o)d-; kleutr-/klaup- (p/b); ikh-/(y)Vkh-zult-; un(h/dr)ånk-; taunk-; kithnung-; ad(V)sh(t)-; hazzVd(i)-    <v tr>    to enter, step into
yush-VC(C); birb-    <adj>    soft
yut(t)ång-, (p)hVttång-    <v>    forget
(y-/kV-)wttio; (tu)åph(r,n,d)-í, -ya; fut(t)up; i(m)buak/ibwhh-V    <n>    garment, piece of clothing
(y)uvvon- ~ (y)obbVnt-    <v>    to compare
zabak/zavag-; (i,u)gwr; tavant    <n>    land, region, large area
zå-/zi-nno(C), -nanc, th/hr-a(d)dwk/p; (ôda-, ôtVr-, parwk-)kuht    <n>    means of transport; boat [= (chwm)madVc; t(h)ålbí, t(h)a(d)duk]
zahanc, zuhunc    <n>    back(side)
zahh-V, ujja/w-h/k    <prep>    along, following; according to [= hlåbak?]
zair, zêwr    <v impers>    it fits; it befits; it is acceptable
zêbwr; pul-t (-thw, -thwn); klêbV; thônu(l,t)    <n>    sky
zêβag; ufu-t (-d-) ~ f-, h-uttu- ~ hundung-V(C); thâb/dVk; tål(u)p; wn(åj)ju    <n>    cloud
zêhok; pwndru    <prep>    outside
zang-å(å)t, -ûr; nôra(k); tholdVt    <n>    arable field
zan-ur, -ut, zinVr    <n>    hour
za(a)ph-i, -an    <adj>    small, minor (of amount) [small in size, little = (b)åkk(u)i; thundl-(wn)i; h/kêdap/b-]
zêbi(n), zagi(n)    <n>    age, time-period
zay(o)l, zêyal; mar(g)-ap/f, -ip    <adv/prep>    ABLATIVE PREPOSITION?
zidwng    <n>    iron vs. steel
zikkó, zinakk-; hebVl, hebr-a/u    <n>    nut
zin(a)t-; kēb-, kV:namb-    <v>    to permit, allow
zôg-, zuog-, zågumb-    <v>    to command, order, 'tell'
zokk-å, -Vn(t); (h)odai(V)k, (h)wzdí; yog(g)Vt(h), yobsh(e)o    <n>    finger
z(u)olthīn; (y)(u)ofik    <n>    space, room(iness)
zón-ak, -u(k); zVnåhtå; mVnwang; Vska(n)zir; ondash    <n>    peak, top; ?horn
zwph(ay,an)g-, zêphVg-; (C)wmbagy-; ywz(z)ad(C)-    <v>    to attach, fasten
zothr-, zuthr-; ishtV-hh-/-lg-, izzat-, ådjåt-    <v>    to creep (like a lizard)
zubur    <adj>    yet, still, (once) more vs. rather, very
zwnk/zwng-a, djwng-a    <adj>    full (circle, revolvement?)
zû-pha, -phi; djang-    <adj>    good



●  Inflection of Nouns: An Example Paradigm  ●

Singular*DualPlural
NOMINATIVEdrumul   world   [Asg. -k(w), -(n)w:k, -dV(k) / -(å)b = AG -r- ]*-ks-, *-å(φ)i(C)-, *-φw-, *-(å)š-li(n)/-vo(k,n), -(v)on(di)  [?-ôt+ni, def? || (Apl.) -ai(b,r) ~ -wa(r,θ), -(n)wδ(i) ]
GENITIVEdrumul-(i,u)ʒå/ʒi  [-βå(ʒ), -ti/-(V:)d, -(u,i)r ]-ʒV-č--unhi(r)  [-uhh-, -ung-å- ~ -ugg-i/o(-m) ]
DATIVEdrumul-så  [-(ʒa)r/k, -u/wot, -aik, -ait/-ah(V)t ]-så-č--unai(k)  [-unthi-, -ussi(m), -(Vs)swn ]
LATIVEdrumul-(ʒå)f, -uzfa, -f,(k)h-o(d), -ang(w)i, -(d/b)aʒir, -(C)eng/-(h)Vng(ra,li)/-(f)ank  [-V + -bbå/u(k), -r/v(v)ång ]-(Vb)bå-/-(Vf)få-č-  [-(Vk)k-/-(Vg)g-å-č- ]-unV:p/f  [-Vn(d)-/-Vk-ki(m), -a/eppi(C) ]
ABLATIVEdrumul-(ʒå/ʒi)rd(V)  [-ldi/-ldå, -mbu ]-(r)då-č-  -unumb  [-unyå(-m,r), -un(d)lå-, -úl(d)i-m/-r, -ld/rd-wn ]
LOCATIVEdrumul-(ʒå/ʒi)mak, -(a)gmi(V), -(ʒa)nda/i  [-(n)thi, -n(a)ud(V), -råk ]-må(šV)-č-  [-b(i)rå-č-, -Vndå-č ]-undi(r), -undår  [-ummVk/š, -m(Vk/š)wn ]  
INSTRUMENTALdrumul-(ʒå/ʒi)mblw, -m(Vkh)ól, -Vth(g)åb/håb, -th-l/nå, -(ʒ,s)wn(t)  [-(a)nV:r, -ôz, -djV, -(p)pwt/θ ]-nå/wå-č--unj-i/o-, -aww-i-(m,r)  [-unråk/-wrkw, -j(Vr)wn ]







: Appendix: RWL 'Derivational' Elements :

BALTIC, SOUTHERN FINNICGERMANIC [CONTINENTAL, NGerm.]ROMANCETURKIC, INDO-IRANIAN
abstract/quality (-ness, -ty)-gi-, -(ī)ba/be, -um-(a)s, -(d)us-ī, -ith, -th, -(ō)d, -t, -(n)Vss, -(u)r-ada/-at/-tat, -ez(a), -ia/-dʒa, -or-ī, -lık, -luk, -y (< *-d)
body-part (back, head, limb)-ka, -p/-(p)a, -va, -vu, -(y)a-(i)d (-uδ), -(i)t, -k(a), -la, -(p)a-dV, -eu, -eo, -nw, -pw, -bw, -za-Vk, -Vl, -Vš, -t(å), -dʒe (-če)
distinct natural region-(å)ss, -(e)ss, -(r)a, -(r)i, -v(a)-(i)n(a), -(n)g-, -(u)l, -(u)r, *-(w)iz-lw, -r, -re-(a)k, -g, -Vt, -yā, -(i)z (< *-jŕ)
ordinal number-ta(i)-s, -(i)a-s, -es (-enda-)-to, -ta, -ti*n (obl. -ta, -tu)(no), -o / -erw < *-t(i)u-/-āri-u-; R -lyea-(i)nci/-(u)ncu, -om/-vvom
place where sth. is done-la [Lith.], -maya, -nīca/ce, -(t-)uve-li, -arí, -ei/-ya [smiðja], -hūs-n(å), -derw, -o(i)r, -(r)ia/ie, -toiw-Vn, -ne, -χāne/na
quick-born, energetic thing-en(-s), -k(e), -k(-s), -m(u)-(e)l-, -(i)ng, -mo, -m-, -t-(e)c, -go, -lo-(e)k, -(i)nč, -(i)q(e), -(r)ım/um
season of the year-(a)d, -(a)ra, -en-, -(i)s, -ma, -v(i)*-ist(az), -Vr, *-ra-, *-ru--iw, -(m)nə, -or, -ra(nw), -rn(V)-ān, -ār, -istān, -ma, -Vš, -Vz
smaller game (non-avian)-(a)v, -(b)o/-(p)ē, -(e)re, -is, -sa-(p)a, -(r)ni/no, -(r)i, -s, *-sō-(b)re, -ol, -pe, -(u)re-āb, -(a)k, -ki, -Vp, -(š)an



—— <{}> ——


::  Lest Lone Pines Forget Thunder — There Rolled an Age of Thief–Kingdoms . . .  ::


-(ai)gí, -ssid, -úog, -(β)u(r), -ba-, -(o)u(n), -(ch)V-    <suff (in indep. prep?)>    INSTRUMENTAL
(a)oncú    <n>    realm
-(V)r, -dd(wr,ar), -(th)ir    <suff (in indep. prep?)>    DATIVE
-(b)(á)ir, -(a)it, -(Vtt)aor, -naog, -mí/-m(b)á/-(w)mm,mb [= Temp. Loc.], -thó, -thú, -in, -na    <suff>    ADVERB [-ly ~ Finn. -(a)n etc.]
bānagg-, buánagg-    <v>    to survive
beccwid, biccwid    <n>    tree
brod(d)ca    <n>    cup
broicc    <n>    tooth
casni, cathn-ao-, -ú, cossún    <n>    bridge
cā/cūt(h)aon-; mi-/mea-sseag-    <v>    to introduce; to reveal
ca(ssV)rt-, co(ddV)rt-    <v>    to avoid or expel, drive away [< F. = OIr.]
ceor, caor    <prep>    above
c(a)esswl-, cassúthann-; sathg-(a)ill    <v>    to be able to go, advance
-ch(-a-/-ae), -(i)(w)g, -mm(on), -(m)ís, -thói    <suff (in indep. prep?)>    into, unto
cl/tlannoβ; m-/(n)g-orthi    <adv, prep>    atop, on
cne(g)omm / tin(d)eor / fichimm, fimmic, affa / ichtha / srammåcc    <n>    heart, centre
con(a)-il, -Vth, -iss    <n>    tale, account, story
cothor, cath(f)ob, caothunn    <n>    possessions, wealth
datt-, daratt-    <v>    to wear, dress/be dressed in
de(o)rc, de(o)rrag, dert(h)-    <adj>    long, tall
do(få)rna    <adj>    clean, pure
drofi-    <n>    wind
drwtha / sr(e)ath(a)    <adv>    too, excessively
[ druch-(il)    <v>    to increase, grow (intr) ]
dúr-al, -(s)ach    <adj/n>    cold
d(ú)r-uimm, -oimm; seodd-a, -i, sío(cca)t    <prep>    behind
eomb(ecc), e(o)nnåc, engVss    <prep>    toward, -s
f(a)occ-a, -idd    <n>    snow
flång-sotho-cc, -ch    <n>    battle
fonnog-, fonnunc-    <v>    to grab, take
fuicc-eon, -aon    <n>    window
-gao, -gú-C, acco(d), uccu    <ptcl>    furthermore, however, etc.
ga(o)ssu-th/ch, gadtosc, -a(í)    <n>    weapon, 'arm'
géåb, (-n)goib, (-n)gobu; tochVnn    <prep>    without, sans
glå-, gle-bhaicc    <prep>    after, behind
glethni, glethonn    <n>    level, plane / table
gochwn(n) / dochin(n)    <prep>    amidst, among
ialar, iatha(e)r    <n>    head
ionn-si(ai)r, -thoir    <n>    window
irco(b,mm); arthoch    <n>    passageway
irrac/g-    <v>    to choose, select, pick
isp(e)omm ~ uspaimm    <n>    age
-iub, -eoch, -ioch    <n>    TOOL NOUNS
(m)bac'r-, (m)be(o)c'r-    <v>    to recognize, know (sb)
maccwn(t)-    <v>    to go (on foot), walk
-mar, -(Vnt)åll, -(Vnc)ul, -ng, -(i)lóecc, -(á)og    <suff>    ABSTRACT NOUN
me(o)c-ir, -t, -ba    <n>    time (the general concept)
míoch; p/c&uuacute;tha    <prep>    along, somewhere beside; trailing
mlénach, t/clénach    <prep>    between
mragan(C-), mre(g)on-, mre(a)nra    <n>    day; west [Uralic *louna-]
mrin(n)occ; uchot    <n>    road, way
mron(d)a; tuld-    <adv? n?>    above / upside
muducc, muttucc    <n>    thought
munnach, mionn-uss; teárumm-ucc, -ná(th)    <n>    forest
nā(ltho)cc-, nāthio-cc-, -bc(V)-    <v tr>    to read
(n)gunaong, (n)g-, t-ondå(i)ng = tångfair    <n>    bell
-nna(o); -(m)í, -mm    <suff>    GENITIVE
-ón/f, -(c/f)ae ~ -(r)aí, -(å)(o)r, -r/c-ú, -(å)ch    <suff (in indep. prep?)>    LOCATIVE
oncro, t~, incro    <n>    house
-(o)ng, -úng    <suff>    PAST PARTICIPLE or ESSIVE-ADESSIVE
wntha(i)r, ontaiC    <n>    hill, mountain
p(e)ónra-, pa(dhw)rb-    <v>    to surround, be located around
prongo(th); smalåcc    <prep>    without
-(r)g, -(r)t, -ba, -bi, -(V)b, -nV(ng)    <suff (in indep. prep?)>    from, out of
ráf-wcc, -ott    <n>    cap, headgear
-ru/-(i)r, -occ, -(u)g    <suff>    PAST TENSE
rúbhatt; bondocc, minocc    <n>    table
safacc-, sabacc-    <v>    to imitate, copy
-sá-g, -ch, -haeng, -haong-    <suff>    'very, highly' (= (V)mress-ae, -aicc) vs. COMPARATIVE [cf. OIr. adamrae, obs. Turk. -rek, -rak]
sagall; luttang    <n>    journey
sall(úg)-    <v>    to steal
sce(o)thunn ~ sna(th)e-lg, -lc    <n>    field vs. trace, track
se(o)rg-    <v>    to forget
sm(V)órach    <n>    breath, breathing
sne(a)nc-    <v>    to solve; to decide
sóm/mhach, saog-, túbhonn    <n>    beam
tádhul, tábheall; ch-/f-/t-un(n)wch    <v>    since, because
tamra(i)cc, tamrolg    <prep>    after, following
té-, teá-bhain(n)    <conj>    provided that, if
tao(n)g-ir-, -or-    <n>    land(s) [úntaor = city?]
ta(u)raímm = caombuss, ciåmbVss    <n>    beer
teandún    <n>    weather
tintha ~ túnchw    <n>    day
t(i)odocc, tádocc    <n>    hair (all hairs on head)
tíor-å, -(a)e    <prep>    for (the purpose of)
tonnra-    <v>    to close, shut (tr)
tross-thae, -dae, -daog    <n>    realm, world
thaggím, thaggom, (w)tháon    <adv>    there, thither (?anaphoric)
(th)ammc    <n>    custom, manner
(t)ha(í)d-ich, -Vch, tó(V)diph    <n>    nature
thílaing    <n>    tool, blade
utt-or, -ur, -aír    <n>    spine










The non-real world morphologies on this page invented by Sami Paldanius : 2016 - 2017