What would an Esperanto-like but more encompassingly Western European pseudo-koine look like, if it was morphologically more like an actual real-world language, and relied less on Latinate vocabulary and was less uncompromising about Esperanto's "one word-category = one suffix" concept (especially regarding nouns)?







acha [pl. echai]    {nn}    outdoor enclosure, yard, pasture [< WGerm. hag- influenced by the word below]
ach(e)r [pl. echir]    {nn}    field, acre
a/odvo, dirvo (topical); eil-li (directing gaze)    {adv}    thereat
adentha/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to attempt, try
adh, idho(n)    {prep}    (in)to [L ad; Celt. *do(o)]
-ae(n)/-vo; -li/-ri; en(d)-/em-/es-    {suff}    "in, at" Adverbs
aethra; na gemmen/vaust; endras    {prep}    behind (Celtic *ke(m)bno-, *māsto- "back, rear")
aldriw; nungwain    {adv}    never
amloth [pl. emlÿth]; a/ochost [pl. echÿst]    {nn}    leaf
andled [pl. endlid]; (o)rost [pl. (e)rÿst]    {nn}    face
andr-ob, -ub [pl. endrÿb]    {nn}    person
anech- [inf a/enechien]    {vb}    to endure (physically), survive, hold [< CGr.]
aphna/o (+Cns.), fon (+Vowel); (d)ech, -ud    {prep}    from, out of
[-ar    {suff}    Dual noun (< pare-)]
arav [pl. eraiv]; brâch, avranc [pl. braich, evrainc]    {nn}    arm
arch-an, -nod [pl. erch-ain, -nÿd]    {nn}    shoe [< Celt.]
ardh/iardh [pl. (i)eirdh]    {nn}    wine [< Bsq.]
asgaph- [inf esgephien]    {vb}    to create
astal    {nn}    steel
astor [pl. estÿr]; maur-eb, -ob [pl. moer-ib, -ÿb]    {adj}    large; great [#2 < Celt.]
[-athno    {suff}    Ablative Adverbs]
a/esgath [pl. esgaith]    {nn}    treasure
a/ethrand [pl. ethraind]; cust/onchust [pl. cÿst/enchÿst]    {nn}    shore, beach
audhor [pl. oedhÿr]    {adj}    desolate, uninhabited
âv [pl. avew, aiv]    {nn}    lord, master [< Ca. amo]
awent [pl. ewint]    {nn}    bowel [< L. ōment-]

(m)baethal- [inf (m)baethelien]; paea/o-    {vb}    to pay
(m)baid, (m)bôd [pl. (m)beidwid, (m)bŷd]    {nn}    boat
(m)bain [pl. (m)beinwid]; (h)athgur [pl. (h)ethgÿr]    {nn}    bone
balchun [pl. -wid]    {nn}    balcony
(m)barn / (m)baran [pl. (m)bern / (m)berain]    {nn}    child
(m)bawa [pl. (m)bewai]    {nn}    ring
(m)ber- [inf -ien], (m)baera/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to carry
(m)berch [pl. (m)birch]; (m)bedul [pl. (m)bedÿl]    {nn}    birch
(m)bilth-ur [pl. -ÿr]; immÿn [pl. -wid]    {nn}    image, picture
binnon; parnon    {prep}    inside, within
biua/o-    {vb}    to live; to dwell
(m)blanchui; leugui; uthrui    {adj}    white
(m)bodrug [pl. (m)bedrÿg]; uv(n)ag [pl. ÿv(n)aig, ûv]    {nn}    grape [#1 < NGmc. & CGr.]
(m)bolo, (m)bolch [pl. (m)belÿ, (m)bÿlch]    {nn}    bag [< Celt.]
(m)bosguch [pl. (m)besgÿch]; selu [pl. silÿ]    {nn}    forest
(m)braetha/o-; contha/o-, conod/th-¹    {vb}    to tell, narrate || ¹ due to -tha- being a reflexive marker : i(o)er-tha-, par-tha-, etc.
(m)brenga/o-; trasta/o-    {vb}    to bring
brî(th); haes (-s > -th-)    {nn}    wind [< Bsq.]
brui(o)    {adv}    briefly, in a minute, soon [< L brevī]
burthod (+Dat.); nanchod (+Dat.); (n)dev-/ennev- [personal vb]    {aux}    must, should
(m)buru, (m)burch [pl. (m)bÿrÿ, (m)bÿrch]    {nn}    town

cadangha/o- (d/th) [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to break (tr.) [< CGr.]
caera/o-; (h)avra/o-    {vb}    to love
caer-eg, -ol [pl. -ig, -ÿl]    {adj}    dear; expensive
cammer (camra-) [pl. cemmir]    {nn}    room, chamber
cantha/o-    {vb}    to sing
canthov(u)n, cant [pl. centhÿv(ÿ)n, caint]    {nn}    song
câph, agoph [pl. caiph, egÿph]    {nn}    (heavier) box, storage [< Celt. kapp-o-]
carn [pl. cern]    {nn}    flesh
carreg [pl. -wid, cerrig]    {nn}    stone; (heavy) load
casd-ov, -un    {pn}    each, every (< CGr. hékast-)
castannui    {adj}    brown
caudheg [pl. caudhig]; tôv/tóv(n)ag [pl. tŷv/tóv(n)aig]    {nn}    book, tome
cedher (cedhra-) [pl. cedhir]    {nn}    cedar-tree
celiun [pl. -wid, celiuin]    {nn}    tower, skyscraper [< Gaul. kelikn-]
cengl-un/gengl-un [pl. -uin]    {nn}    knee
cervaith [sg. only]    {nn}    beer
cew, -ed [pl. cewid]    {int/rel pn}    what; that (concept) which
cewanth-ev, -o    {int}    how much? (+Lenition or dos +nn)
cewenc [pl. cewinc]    {nn}    cheek [< WGer.]
-chun, -arch [pl. -chÿn, -eirch]; -ov(u)n [-ÿvn]    {suff}    Result-of-Verb Noun
/ enchá; edhvo    {adv}    hereat
cidha; edh-es (avedh/edhren huius) [pl. cidh(a)ir; edhis]    {dem pn}    this
circh-ed [pl. -id]    {nn}    goal, objective [< Celt. kirk-o-]
cistÿn [pl. -ir]    {nn}    wooden box, chest
clinn-o, [-og]    {adv}    wholly [< NGmc.]
coer [pl. -wid]    {nn}    season [< NTGr. kair- : JMJ p. 84]
colpha/o-    {vb}    to strike, hit
comma/o-; gwen- [inf -ien]    {vb}    to come
comman [pl. cemmain]; theged [pl. thegid]    {nn}    step [#1 < Celt.]
condr-a, -on    {prep}    against, versus
co/centha; immed    {prep}    with, beside [#1 < Celt. & Glc.]
cosga/o- (c vs. g)    {vb}    to wash (< NGmc. & Bsq.)
costa/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to cost
co/cuvra/o- (v vs. m) [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to desire, cover [< Celt.]
crissui / (n)grissui [pl. "]    {adj}    gray
crithl-ed [pl. -id]    {nn}    pebble (of gravel) [< WGer. kisil]
crodhwol; dusgol / difisgol    {adj}    difficult
cunghan [pl. cÿnghain]    {nn}    dog
cÿn(asga)-; fedhasga/o-; partha/o-    {vb}    to be born
cÿvÿn(n-) [pl. -ir]; femm-en [pl. -in]    {nn}    woman

dâl [pl. dail]; ha(u)rand [pl. h(o)eraind]    {nn}    valley
(d)an, (d)en (+Vowel); (+Cns.)    {prep}    in; at
dann-ag, -ath [pl. denn-aig, -aith]    {nn}    pinetree [< WGer.]
dant [pl. daint]    {nn}    tooth
daul [pl. doel]; cuin-iav [pl -iaiv]    {nn}    part, share, portion [#1 < Celt. *dāl-]
daur, dangun [pl. doer, dengÿn]    {nn}    day
delia/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to hold [out ?]
dend-run [pl. -ruin]; gwidh-iag, -ÿnt [pl. -aig, collective guidh/gwîdh]    {nn}    tree
derch [pl. dirch]; (m)baeag [pl. -wid, (m)baeaig]    {nn}    berry [#1 < Gaul.; #2 < Bsq. & Occ.]
desd-ren [pl. -rin]    {adj}    right(-hand), on the right
dew(e)r [pl. dewraith]; muil [pl. -aith]    {nn}    animal
dil; gon (in adverbs: o(n)-, av-)    {prep}    of (Genitive)
dirdhon; beision    {prep}    under, beneath
dos    {prep}    All-Purpose Preposition (= Esperanto je)
dosga/o-    {vb}    to honor, favor, side with [< CGr.]
-dov/-deb [pl. -dÿv/-dib]; -ossov [pl. -essÿv]    {adj suff}    Ordinal Numbers
drauth [pl. droeth]    {nn}    trait, quality
drossa/o-, drosta/o-    {vb}    to dip; to baptize [< CGr.]
drung(d)ev    {adv}    aplenty, much [< Celt.]
(n)duir-or [pl. -ÿr]    {adj}    expensive
duv(u)n (duvna-) [pl. dÿv(ÿ)n]; mond [pl. mÿnd]    {nn}    world
(n)dÿn- [inf -ien]; (n)dÿnna/o- [inf (n)dÿnnu]    {vb}    to be able, can
(n)dÿnuith [pl. -wid]; (n)dÿnn-ad [pl. -aid]    {nn}    ability
dÿneidha-; echelia/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to enable, make capable [#2 << Bsq. ahal]

echiarth [pl. echierth]; creidh-ab [pl. -aib]    {nn}    heart
-(ed)enc [pl. -(ed)inc], -(ad)anc [pl. -(ed)ainc]; -rent/-uiriab [pl. -rint/-uiriaib], -air(ab) [pl. -eirwid/-eiraib]    {suff}    -orium, i.e. "Place-of-..ing" Noun [#1 < Bsq. -tegi]
edest [pl. edist]    {nn}    forehead
egwel(t) [pl. egwil(t)]; saer-ond [pl. -ÿnd]    {nn}    evening
eil-es, -eu (N iend) [pl. eil-is, -iw (N ienn(a)ir)]    {dem pn}    that, it
e(i)ria/o-    {vb}    to hinder, prevent [< CGr. (with Glc. erga)]
elt; [countable] eled [pl. elid]    {nn}    fire, flame
elv(ur) [pl. elvÿr, ilv]; senn-ag [pl. -aig]; pothov [pl. pethÿv]    {nn}    river
-emlog; -amleg; (Root Verbs only) -n/thuineg [< L -dignus]    {suff}    "-able, -ible" Adjectives
eml-eng [pl. -ing]    {nn}    path [< Celt.]
e(m)ph-enc [pl. -inc]; (m)bist-el [pl. -il]    {nn}    finger [#2 < Celt.]
em(me)ril [pl. -wid]    {nn}    bucket [< WGer.]
emros(t); iaur(on)    {prep}    before, in front of [#2 < Gaul. *āre- & Bsq. aurr-]
-end, -ond (N); -issen/-isten, -assen/-asten (S); (intr only) -onneg    {suff}    Active Participle [S with the Inf. stem of the vb (ag- > eg- etc.)]
enerth [pl. enirth]    {nn}    strength, power [< Celt.]
enn, -o; bae, -(n)o    {conj}    than
-eph, -aph; (after -ch, -ph, -th) -egin, -agun    {suff}    Target of Action Noun (i.e. "that which is usually ..ed")
ephron / fuirion    {prep}    outside
-ern, -ren/-ron (-L/-R) [pl. -irn, -rin/-rÿn]    {suff}    "At, In, During" Adjective
-erth [pl. -irth], -orth [pl. -ÿrth]; -eg(r) [pl. -ig(r)], -og(r) [pl. -ÿg(r)]    {suff}    Adj./Participle of Transitory Characteristic
esber- / sebra/o-    {vb}    to hope, wish for
-esg / -ethog [pl. -isg / -ethÿg]    {suff}    "made from substance X" adjectives [< Bsq.]
esglaph [pl. esglaiph = esgal]    {nn}    stair
esgwir [pl. -(i)ew, -iaith]; (cad)aegorn [pl. (ced)aegÿrn]    {nn}    squirrel
esso/u(v) [pl. essÿ(v)]; cew [pl. ciw, cui-r, -ch]    {rel pn}    which, that
estel- (esdla/o-)    {vb}    to send [< CGr.]
ethr-ed, esdr-ed [pl. -id]    {nn}    street
eudh-a, -o; (i)el, -lo    {conj}    or
-ev (-dev, -thev); -antho/-onnui    {suff}    Adverbs of Quantity

faeth [pl. -wid]    {nn}    fact
fan- [vn. fanuith]; fanna/o- [inf fannu]    {vb}    to fare forth, walk (intr.) [< WGer. *fanûī]
far- [inf ferien]; ionga/o-    {vb}    to go
fath(ra/o)-, fasta/o-; comren-, comrenna/o- [inf comrennu]    {vb}    to understand
favna/o-    {vb}    to embrace
feu(ch)-ant [pl. -aint]    {nn}    escapist; refugee
fiadl(ub) [pl. fiedl(uib)]; orvont [pl. ervÿnt]    {nn}    mountain
flommen [pl. flemmin]; (n)gunth-am [pl. -aim]    {nn}    flood
fond-rad, -rod [pl. -raid, -rÿd]    {nn}    depth, profundity
fonga/o-, fengia/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to get, obtain
fordhon(na)- / sÿngdhon(na)-    {vb}    to forgive
forn-ol, -ui [pl. fernÿl, "]    {adj}    ancient
foss-ob, -ur [pl. fess-ÿb, -ÿr]    {nn}    waterfall
frath- [inf frethien]; frasta/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to utter, pronounce [< CGr. fraz-]
freg(ia)-; riuntha/o-    {vb}    to ask, inquire, seek an answer
fremma/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to promote, put forth, cause to go forth (tr.)
freutha/o- [inf -nnu]    {suff}    to be able to go, get forward, move forward (intr.)
fruith-or; fruidh-or [pl. -ÿr]    {adj}    cold

(n)gammol, (n)gommol [pl. (n)gemmÿl]    {adj}    old, senior [of animates; in contrast to tha(u)chor "old" (of abstracts, items)]
(g)annor / hannor [pl. (g)ennÿr / hennÿr]    {adj}    (an)other; second
garthur / iarthur    {nn}    responsibility, care [< Bsq.]
(n)gathas [pl. (n)gethais]    {nn}    salt [< Bsq.]
(n)gauthor [pl. (n)goethÿr]; a/omrov [pl. emrÿv]    {adj}    good
genedÿn; nesgÿn [pl. -ir]    {nn}    girl [#1 < Celt.; #2 < Bsq.]
(n)gerr-ad [pl. -aid]    {nn}    war, conflict
(n)gev-; donia- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to give
gion-uth [pl. -ÿth]; iara/iarch [pl. ierai/ierch]; uphuth [pl. ÿphÿth]    {nn}    light, brightness [#2 < Bsq.]
(g)larvolt, (g)lavrad    {nn}    (making of) noise, noisiness
(g)laud [pl. (g)loed], -olt/-ad    {nn}    praise, commendation
glêd [pl glîd]    {nn}    section; area of the body etc.
(n)glein-iag [pl. -iaig]    {nn}    hen
(g)leph-ed [pl. -id]; (g)lethw-as (mt. < -φt-) [pl. -ais]    {nn}    moment, minute [< Gr.]
(g)lesta/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to read
(n)glûth, ongloth [pl. (n)gluith, englÿth]    {nn}    tongue
(n)golthui; avrellui [pl. "]    {adj}    yellow
(g)onost / ionost (-st > -th-)    {nn}    ship, large boat [< Bsq.]
(n)gorwain, len gestern    {adv}    yesterday
(n)graudi; (a)esger, (a)esgrad    {nn}    thank-you
(g)reupha/o-, (g)reutha/o-    {vb}    to belch, burp
(n)grib-enc, -weph [pl. -inc, -wiph]    {nn}    handle
(n)gûth [pl. (n)guith]    {nn}    voice
guiwath [pl. guiwaith]; ionthed [pl. ienthid]    {nn}    seagull [#2 < Bsq.]
gwagor [pl. gwegÿr]; a/omrov [pl. emrÿv]    {adj}    beautiful (by sight & by character, respectively)
(n)gwair (Acc. gost; Dat. go(ssu)nt); S nuiech (Acc. nost)    {pn}    we (Nom.) [= verbal subject -i(u)m/mh, -om/mh] : {(n)gossor, S nosdren} our(s)
gwar- (gwarra/o-); (n)deura/o-; (g)rauna/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to go on, last, 'take'
gwaur [pl. goer]    {nn}    springtime
gwech-er, -ur (gwechra-)    {nn}    grass [< Celt.]
gweiria/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to protect, guard
gweng [pl. gwing]; uinub [pl. uinÿb]    {nn}    way; means
gwerdhui [pl. "]    {adj}    green
(n)gwerth [pl. (n)gwirth]    {nn}    verse
gwesber [pl. gwesbir]    {nn}    evening
gwess, -on; pross    {prep}    toward(s)
gweth-; sab- [inf sebien]    {vb}    to know
gweug-as [pl. -ais]    {nn}    week
gwidh-; cechia/o-; lauga/o-    {vb}    to see, view, look at
gwidhia-; laugia/o-    {vb}    to show, give (cause) to see
gwigra/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to fight [< Celt.]
gwil-, gwella/o-; nach- [inf nechien]    {vb}    to want, desire, will
gwîn [pl. gwin-iew]; muigan [pl. muigain]    {nn}    friend, confidant
gwinidhiag    {nn}    friendship
gwisd-ren [pl. -rin]; nist-ern [pl. -irn]    {adj}    left(-hand), on the left
(n)gÿn-aeg, -win    {nn}    female (creature)
-(g)ÿnt, -(ch)ÿnt; -(ess)il; -ónag    {suff}    Diminutive Noun Forming Suffixes

h(a)ern [pl. ", hirn]; (m)burdh    {nn}    iron; tool made of iron
haphuil / hephuil [pl. -wid]    {nn}    cutting-tool, shortblade [<< Frk. *happ-ija]
hêg [pl. hîg, heg-wid]; a/esbath [pl. esbaith]    {nn}    sword [#1 < OFri.]
himmel (himla-); enev [pl. eniv]    {nn}    sky, heaven
hn/tnaur [pl. hn/tnoer]; (n)garn [pl. (n)gern]    {nn}    yarn, thread, string
holthond [pl. helthÿnd]    {adj}    wealthy
huida/o- vs. haeda/o-    {vb}    to call, name
huidhôe    {adv}    today [/-o:e/ < /-ije:/]
huisga/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to bring up, mention [< L. hīsc-]
hunver [pl. hÿnvir]; iommed [pl. iemmid]    {nn}    dream
hur(u)th [pl. hÿr(ÿ)th]    {nn}    thicket, grove [< WGer.]
hwarthui; dummui; nengrui [pl. "]    {adj}    black
hwilia/o-, c/huila/o-    {vb}    to keep still, remain, stay

-ia/o- [< *-(a)ja-]; -eidha-/-uidha- [< NGmc. leiða]; e/anga- (+inf.)    {suff; vb}    Causative Verb ("to have/cause/make sb to..")
iachl-an, -un [pl. iechl-ain, -uin]    {nn}    molar [< NGmc.]
-i(a)ev-od; -adh-ed    {suff}    Past Tense 3rd Singular (in conjugations A and B, respectively)
iaul [pl. iolwid, ioel]    {nn}    clear spot, glade [< Gaul./Celt.]
-idhiag; -audi/-(ch)aedh vs. -daw, -thaw, -thas [from Nouns]; -ol-(w)ÿn, -ui-od [from Adj stems]    {suff}    -ness, -ity, -hood (Abstract Noun) [-daw etc. < Bsq. -tas(s)un; -o/elwÿn < L indolēs (etc.)]
ied(o), hed(o); enc    {conj}    and [#2 < Bsq. ekin, CGr. áNGkhi, engýs]
-ien(nu)    {suff}    Infinitive ending of Root Verbs [< L -iendum ad]
ien(n)iv, ianwÿn [pl. -ir]    {nn}    soul, (individual) spirit
iennon    {prep}    through, via
iertha/o-; (n)gin-, (n)ginna/o-    {vb}    to become; to happen
ieu    {pn}    I, me (Nom.) [= verbal subject -iemh/-ie(n)g, -omh/-o(n)g] : {emmi(-v)} me; {emmi-r} to/for me; {min, mevui} my, mine
-im(men); -am(men)    {suff}    "Usually Measurable Product or Result from ..ing" Noun
-innog/-widren [pl. -innÿg/-widrin]; -anneg/-odren [pl. -ennig/-edrin] (r vs. w)    {suff}    Passive Participle
ioera/o- [inf -nnu; pres 3sg ioer(od)]; (m)ag- [inf (m)egien; pp (m)eginnog]    {vb}    to do, make
iolpha/o-; sochorra/o-    {nn}    to help, aid, assist
iongondÿn; leuchondÿn    {nn}    past, Vergangenheit
iorch, ioroch [pl. ierÿch]    {nn}    buck, male deer [< Gaul.]
-ir    {suff}    Regular Plural for Animate Nouns of Female Sense
isgla/o-    {vb}    to divide, separate
isgriv-; (n)graph- [inf (n)grephien]    {vb}    to write
istes [pl. istis]    {pn}    same

ladra/o-; furusta-, furuth-    {nn}    to steal
lavrent [pl. levrint]    {nn}    maze
le/lÿchav [pl. le/lÿchaiv]    {nn}    body [< NGmc.]
-(l)eg, -(n)eg, -(r)eg; -ol/-or    {adj suff}    "Compound Noun Element" Adjective (Lat. -ālis/-āris, -īnus, etc.)
le(n); n(d)ae    {prep}    at, on (Time)
lenga/o-; ponia/o-    {vb}    to put, place
lesga/o-; maeda/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to please, make fond [< CGr. arésk-; Bsq. mait-]
leudha/o-    {vb}    to sound
leu-ov; laphrov [pl. -ÿv, lephrÿv]    {adj}    lightweight
lig-, lich- [pres 3sg -i(e)d]    {vb}    to be located
(g)linn-aph/(g)lenn-aph [pl. -aiph]    {nn}    cloak, mantle, coat [< Celt.]
lommon / lummon; the/thÿchron    {prep}    during [#1 < OFri. alomme, alumbe; #2 < Bsq. zehar]
luig(on); son    {prep}    like, in the manner of
luphurn [pl. lÿphÿrn]    {nn}    fox

lhe(i)gia/o-; lamma/o-, lammig-    {vb}    to lick
lhunvo; ethelon    {adv}    faraway

, massunc [pl. meiwid, messÿnc]    {nn}    arable field(s), farm
mammel [pl. memmil]; a/ongost [pl. engÿst]    {nn}    breast
mannur [pl. mennÿr]; anwir/gÿwÿr [pl. -(i)ew]    {nn}    man
mant [pl. maint, du. (†)manthar]    {nn}    hand
march, -an [pl. merch, -ain]    {nn}    horse
mauder, modrÿn [pl. maudir]; ammer [pl. emmir]    {nn}    mother [#1 < Gaul.]
mauned, minnas [pl. moenid, minnais]    {nn}    month
maur [sg. only]    {nn}    grandeur, size; fame, renown [< Celt. & Ingv.]
megil [pl. -wid]    {nn}    stick
meil-(l)ui, -vod    {adv}    preferably, rather
meir; ceuchiev    {adv}    more
mellon    {prep}    between
mendrev    {adv}    less
meng-ob, -or; mult    {adj}    many, several; (-ev) much
men(t); mes(so)    {conj}    but
menwa/o-, meneltha/o-    {vb}    to realize, understand [< Celt.]
mesgl-ad, -aeth    {nn}    mixing, mixture, mix
minna/o-; lemra/o-; (i)orwista/o-    {vb}    to remember, recall
misg(on), mesg(on)    {prep}    among, amid(st) [< Celtic *misk-]
monn-ol(w)ÿn, -audhi    {nn}    solitude, loneliness
monvod    {adv}    solely
morwain; manwain    {adv}    tomorrow
mosga/o- [inf. -nnu; adj. mosg-a/orth]    {vb}    to be or get drunk [< Bsq.]
muin    {nn}    substance
muin-ub / moen-ub [pl. -ÿb]    {nn}    mass, mound, heap, hill [< Bsq.]
mussa/o-, musta/o-    {vb}    to kiss
mÿnt, nummÿnt [pl. mÿnthuid]    {nn}    coin

-na-; -asga-/-assa-    {suff}    Reflexive Verbs
nâd [pl. naid]    {adj}     (fig.) path, course, move; factor, variable [< NW vågnad]
naerna/o- [intr.]; naeria/o-, prosgerna/o- [tr.]    {vb}    to approach, draw near; go near
naeth; cónuith [pl. -wid]    {nn}    night
nathrech [pl. nethrich]    {nn}    snake, serpent
naudheg [pl. noedhig]; ness-eg [pl. -ig]    {adj}    necessary
naugev; bast-onnev/-onnui    {adv}    enough [adj. naug, -orth]
nei(o)    {adv; intj}    not, no
neltha/o- [inf -nnu]; ostog- [inf ostegien]    {vb}    to touch
nenthin    {prep}    against = upon, touching
nev-, nemma/o-; prenna/o-    {vb}    take
neston/naeston; cassui/casdev    {adv}    almost, nearly
no(n)chod [pl. ne(n)ch-ÿd/-oed]; libu [pl. libÿ]    {pn}    something
nommen [pl. nemmin]    {nn}    name, title
nordh, north    {nn}    north
    {adv}    now
nuia/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to bow; to sink [< Far.]
nu/noldr-a, -on    {prep}    beyond
nûn [pl. nunwid, nuin]    {nn}    noun [< Gaul. anuan-]

och(u)l (ochla-) [pl. echÿl]    {nn}    eye
ochon; iost(on); prosg(on)    {prep}    beside, next to [-on vs. -aid for Prepositions of Place]
ôes(t); cidhent    {nn}    west
-o; -(l)ui, -(r)ui; -vod (regr. < -vodh < -modō)    {suff; prep}    Adverbs of Manner
odwain, dirwain [back then]; od-onc/-onchÿ [after that]    {adv}    then
olt/olthad [pl. ÿlt/elthaid]; gond [pl. gÿnd]    {nn}    wave
(h)onnarth; brui(o)    {adv}    soon, shortly
oroph [pl. erÿph]    {nn}    layer, floor
osgel [pl. esgil]; um(me)r [pl. ÿm(mi)r]    {nn}    shoulder
o/astor [pl. estÿr]; iann-av, -ol    {adj}    big, large [#2 < Gaul. and- & Bsq. hand- 'id.']
ovodh (dh/th) [pl. evÿdh]    {nn}    group [< Gr.]

pau / pui    {prep}    on, atop, upon
paela/o- / (m)baela/o-    {vb}    to look for, seek [< Bsq.]
parrag [pl. perraig]    {nn}    vine
parvui [pl. "]; cosgor [pl. cesgÿr]    {adj}    small, little
pavra/o-; fovia/o-    {vb}    to fear
pedh-enc / peth-enc [pl. -inc]    {nn}    foot
pedr-ag [pl. -aig]    {nn}    stone
peith(i)a/o-    {vb}    to persuade; to inflect, to conjugate [< CGr.]
pern, perenc [pl. pirn, perinc]; achanc [pl. echainc]    {nn}    leg
plui(-ad), -olt; (strong) imr-ad¹, -aeth    {nn}    rain || ¹ -ad, -aeth = the event or concept of raining; -am(men) = the tangible rain, the amount which rains
prad- (pranna/o-); melia/o-; ÿldra/o-    {vb}    to talk, speak [#3 < Bsq. erran]
prîth [pl. prithiew]    {nn}    price
prosgern [pl. presgirn]    {adj}    adjacent, nearby, neighboring

rasta/o-; rebausta- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to rest
raudha/o- [+inf], rauth [+personal vb]    {aux}    shall, will (Future Tense) [< NGmc. ráð-]
raurui    {adj}    rare
rav(a)n [pl. rev(ai)n]; corvun [pl. cervuin]    {nn}    raven [ODu. ravan]
rechi-ath; lechi-ath [pl. -aith]    {nn}    bed
redrôe; iorwain (< iaur-)    {adv}    ago
reid-ag, -uil    {nn}    vehicle [< Celt. *reid-ā]
rei(e)nt, rewent    {nn}    east
rîch, eldrich [pl. -iew]    {nn}    king
, ar(unt); e/ÿnthon    {prep}    to, for (Dative); for purpose/intent of
roedhui; corossui [pl. "]    {adj}    red
, rúchaed/dh    {nn}    calm, stillness, peace, tranquility
rûv [pl. ruiv]    {nn}    space, room
(g)rÿng [pl. -wid]; lh(a)er-ont [pl. -ÿnt]    {nn}    back(side)

rheugur [pl. rheug, -ÿr]    {nn}    wolf [< CGr.]
rhûth    {nn}    snot, slime [< WGer.]

(S leu), sÿn (S lae); ad(a) / od(a)    {pn}    he, she; it (Nom.) [= verbal subject -i(e)d, -od] : {essi(-v)} him, her; {essi-r} for him, her; {sin (S lin), sevui (S levui)} his, her, its
sabal [pl. sebail]    {nn}    belly, stomach
sair (S saech); [pl. of 'it, that'] ed(a)i-r, -ch    {pn}    they [= verbal subject -iun(t), -on(t)] : {sairon, S saechren} their
saltha/o- [inf. -nnu]    {vb}    to jump, leap
sangw [sg. only]    {nn}    blood
sarch    {nn}    flesh, meat
saura/o-    {vb}    to hurt, injure
savach [pl. sevaich]; (n)gusted [pl. (n)gystid]    {nn}    taste, flavor
savno    {adv}    together
sawath(ur) (th/dh) [pl. sewaith]; iavrond [pl. ievrÿnd]; daved [pl. devid]    {nn}    sheep
seduil [pl. -wid]    {nn}    seat, chair
seg-, sech- [inf -ien]; (i)o/(i)urdha/o-; duitha/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to say, tell
selia/o- [vs. sal-, inf selien]    {vb}    to sell
sidh(i)on; gordhion    {adv}    then, after that, afterward(s)
soed-eg [pl. -ig]; dolchor [pl. delchÿr]    {adj}    sweet, sugarlike
sogra; pel, -(l)on; ub    {prep}    by, with, using (Instr.)
solthov, sulthov [pl. selthÿv]    {adj}    hungry
solvod (sollui)    {adv}    only, merely, just
sov(n)a/o-, sovon- [inf -nnu, sevenien]    {vb}    to sleep
sovr-a, -on    {prep}    above; upon, about
sugurch [pl. sÿgÿrch]    {nn}    crook, malintentful person [< NGmc.]
suir-eg, -ol [pl. -ig, -ÿl]    {adj}    long [< Celt.]

tangnov [pl. tengnÿv]    {adj}    peaceful, calm [< Celt.]
teitha/o-, tesga/o-    {vb}    to text
telia/o-    {vb}    to count; to include [< NGmc.]
ten-, tenia/o-    {vb}    to have, hold
teng, edeng [pl. -wid, eding]    {nn}    house
tesga/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to whisper [< NGmc.]
teu; [pol.] husted    {pn}    you, sg. (Nom.) [= verbal subject -i(e)st/-ie, -ost/-o] : {enthi(-v)} thee; {enthi-r} to/for thee; {tin, tevui} thy
tîd/dh [pl. tid/dh-wid]; temp [pl. timp]    {nn}    time
tilla; taechod    {conj}    until
timra/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to build (esp. from wood) [< NGmc.]
ting(w)a/o-    {vb}    to color, dye
torchorth [pl. terchÿrth]; sichog [pl. sichÿg]    {adj}    dry
torn [pl. tÿrn]; tornag [pl. ternaig]    {nn}    tower
tosta/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to feel, touch [< OFris.]
trannag [pl. -wid, trennaig]; (h)obul, (h)oblun; lanab [pl. lenaib]    {nn}    tool [#1 & #3 < Bsq.; #2 < CGr.]
treitha/o-    {vb}    to steer, funnel [< NGmc.]
trew-, treua/o-    {vb}    to believe, 'think'
tuil(e)phon [pl. tuil(e)phÿn]    {nn}    phone
tuinia/o-; laetha/o- / glaetha/o-    {vb}    to forget [< NGmc; CGr.]
tuir (Acc. iost; Dat. io(ssu)nt), S tuiech; [pol.] hwestid    {pn}    you (pl.) (Nom.) [= verbal subject -i(u)th, -oth] : {iossor, iosdren, hwethren} your(s) (pl.)
tumled [pl. tÿmlid]; pollenc [pl. pellinc]    {nn}    thumb

thalub, tholub [pl. thelÿb]    {nn}    boat
thau(v) [pl. thoe(v)]    {nn}    bridge [< Bsq.]
thenga/o- [inf -nnu]    {vb}    to close, shut
thill-og [pl. -ÿg]    {adj}    quiet, silent
th/sist-ov, -eb [pl. -ÿv, -ib]    {adj}    final, last
thôg, thûg; bochras    {nn}    fog, mist
thonna/o-; posdra/o-    {vb}    to stand
-thov(n) [pl. -thÿv(n)]    {adj suff}    X-like
thûd [pl. thuid]    {nn}    pipe [< Frk.]
thunchor [pl. thÿnchÿr]; punnor [pl. pÿnnÿr]    {adj}    heavy

ú-, (g)eu-; des(s)-    {pref}    un-, dis-, in-, not (+Adj)
-ud/-unt [-(r)ad/-(r)ant for presence of /u/], -ovra    {suff}    (in)to [in Adverbs only] (< NGmc. & Bsq.)
uidh-o, -ia    {adv}    already
-uil, -ail; -ethri(n)/-evrÿn, -athru(n)/-avrun; -angu [pl. -engÿ]    {suff}    Tool Noun, i.e. a means for ..ing
-uiran/-wair [pl. -uirain/-weirew]; -óriun/-onnur [pl. -oerin/-ennÿr]; (fem.) -ethwin/-essÿn; -onnes [pl. -ethwinir/-essÿnir; -ennis]    {suff}    -er; -ess (Agent noun)
-uith, -elthi/-enthi (C1/Root verbs); -aeth, -olt (C2/Derived verbs)    {suff}    -ing, -ion, -ment (Noun of Action Concept) [NOTE: -(aw)ad is used for -olt after -(l)la-, -(r)ra- verbs]
ul(l)ust (-st > -th-)    {nn}    cold water [< Bsq.]
ummug [pl. ÿmmÿg]    {nn}    belly, stomach
unn(a)eth / ÿnn(a)eth    {nn}    love, favor(ing), granting [< Germ.]
unthon; sin    {prep}    without, sans
ust (uth-) [pl. ÿst]    {nn}    fire [< Bsq.]

-wel/-wer [pl. -wil/-wir]    {Adj suff}    characterised by X, showing great ..ment [< -uil < L. -ēl-is]
-wid (-uid)    {suff}    Regular Plural for Inanimate Nouns








   vidi turbam magnam, ex omnibus gentibus, 
         et tribubus, et populis, et linguis. . .  
 
 
         apocalypsis 7 : 9